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Keywords:

  • soymilk;
  • probiotic organisms;
  • proteolytic activity;
  • termination pH;
  • ACE inhibition

ABSTRACT

Suitability of soy yogurt as a system for delivering probiotics and other bioactive compounds was assessed by fermenting soy milk using starter culture containing Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus Lb1466, Streptococcus thermophilus St1342, and probiotic organisms (Lactobacillus acidophilus LAFTI® L10, Bifidobacterium lactis LAFTI® B94, and Lactobacillus paracasei LAFTI® L26). Fermentations were terminated at different pH of 4.50, 4.55, and 4.60 and metabolic patterns of cultures (viability, proteolytic activity, organic acids production, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity) were investigated during 28 d of storage at 4 °C. The presence of probiotics enhanced the growth of L. delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus Lb1466 and S. thermophilus St134 in soy yogurt in comparison to the control produced by sole yogurt culture. In general, different termination pH had no effect (P > 0.05) on the viability of probiotic organisms that maintained good viability in soy yogurt during cold storage. Higher levels of essential growth factors in the form of peptides and amino acids in soy yogurts may have promoted the growth of L. acidophilus LAFTI® L10, B. lactis LAFTI® B94, and L. paracasei LAFTI® L26. The use of probiotic strains as a part of starter culture in soy yogurt resulted in a substantial increase in in vitro ACE inhibitory activity compared with the control produced by yogurt culture only. This improvement of ACE inhibition in soy yogurt is partly due to higher proteolytic activity of probiotics.