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Keywords:

  • African yam bean;
  • lactic acid fermentation;
  • Lactobacillus bulgaricus;
  • Sphenostylis stenocarpa;
  • Streptococcus thermophilus;
  • yoghurt

Summary

The biochemical and storage properties of African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa) yoghurt-like product were evaluated. Milk extracted from the bean flour using hot water was supplemented with 4% milk protein concentrate (MPC), 0.15% dairy calcium (DC) and 0.5% gelatine (G) (singly or in combination). The milk was fermented with Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii spp bulgaricus at 43 °C for 3–5 h. Supplemented African yam bean (AYB) yoghurts had a gel-like consistency unlike the control (unsupplemented) sample. Total solids, protein, fat, ash, lactic acid bacterial count, lightness (L-value) and viscosity were improved by supplementation. Riboflavin and antioxidants were reduced; macroelements and thiamine were increased by 0.71–15.6% and 16.7%, respectively, because of fermentation. The stability of the product during storage at 4 °C was improved by supplementation and stirring. The pH of the supplemented product ranged from 4.45 to 4.54 and microbial counts from 2.6 × 106 to 1.6 × 108 during storage for not more than 3 weeks.