The objectives of this work were to study the effects of three different coatings (gum Tragacanth, sesame oil and gum Tragacanth–sesame oil), temperature and time on shelf life of bell pepper. Moisture reduction, shrinkage as well as firmness and colour changes were studied during 30 days at 4, 10, 15 and 23 °C. Results of this study showed that bell peppers treated with gum Tragacanth at higher temperatures, such as 10 °C, had good quality up to 30 days of storage. However, sharp changes in physicochemical characters were observed in bell peppers stored at 23 °C. In order to predict moisture reduction, shrinkage, firmness and colour changes genetic algorithm–artificial neural network model was developed. It was found that artificial neural network with eight hidden neurons truly could predict the physicochemical changes of bell pepper during storage (R2 > 0.9598). The results of sensitivity analysis showed that shrinkage percentage and also changes of firmness and colour were very sensitive to storage time, while storage temperature had the most effect on moisture reduction.