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Folk health and illness beliefs and practices were abstracted from a large-scale study of older Greek-Canadian widows conceptualized within Leirunger's theory of Cultural Care Diversity and Universality using ethnographic, ethnonursing, and life health-care history methods Data were collected using observation-participation and interviews in three Greek–Canadian communities with 12 widowed key informants and 30 general informants Interview inquiry guides, Leirunger's Life History Health Care Protocol, and field journal recordings assisted data collection Data were analysed using Leirunger's phases of analysis for qualitative data A major health theme which was abstracted from the raw data and patterns was health for Greek–Canadian widows meant a state of well-being, ability to perform daily role activities, and avoidance of pain and illness The findings, which also included folk health care and illness beliefs and practices, will stimulate future nursing research related to health and nursing care of people of diverse cultures