Nausea and vomiting are reputed to be two of the most disruptive side-effects associated with chemotherapy Pharmacological and behavioural interventions are well described in the literature, but sparse attention appears to have been focused upon the role of self-care This paper outlines the problem of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting The concept of self-care is described, including possible motivations to perform self-care, and potential relationships between symptom perception and self-care are noted It concludes with suggestions for theoretical work and future research studies concerning self-care behaviour for nausea and vomiting induced by chemotherapy