Hardiness, ways of coping, social support and burnout in 103 critical care nurses were addressed in this study Work-related and nonwork-related social support and hardiness were negatively related to burnout Use of emotion-focused coping was positively correlated with burnout while hardiness was negatively related to the use of emotion-focused coping and positively related to both types of social support After controlling for working nights, social support, hardiness, emotion-focused coping and problem-focused coping accounted for 44% of the variance in burnout scores