Nurses’ attitudes toward patients with AIDS and AIDS-related risk factors

Authors

  • D Anthony Forrester PhD RN,

    Corresponding author
    1. Professor and Coordinator, Academic Affairs and Research, Department of Nursing Education and Services, and Director, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Center for Nursing Research, Newark, New Jersey, USA
      Dr DA Forrester Buttonwood Cottage 27 First Street, Califon, New Jersey 07830 USA
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  • Patricia A Murphy PhD RN CS

    1. Clinical Nurse Specialist, Bereavement/Ethics, Department of Nursing Services, Newark Beth Isreal Medical Center, Newark, New Jersey, USA
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Dr DA Forrester Buttonwood Cottage 27 First Street, Califon, New Jersey 07830 USA

Abstract

Three variables were experimentally manipulated by simulation measurement using six vignettes in a completely randomized, partial hierarchical, experimental design medical diagnosis (AIDS v non-AIDS), sexual orientation (heterosexual v homosexual) and intravenous drug-use history (IVDU v non-IVDU) Following each vignette, the same Prejudicial Evaluation Scale (PES) and Social Interaction Scale (SIS) were used to measure nurses’ attitudes toward patients and their willingness to interact with patients Vignette questionnaires were randomly assigned to 360 acute-care nurses Although sexual orientation was found not to influence PES and SIS scores, an AIDS medical diagnosis and a history of intravenous drug use were found to increase nurses’ negative attitudes toward patients significantly and reduce their willingness to interact with patients Study findings did not vary according to nurses’ age, academic preparation or previous practice experience with patients with AIDS

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