The nurse's decision-making process and the implementation of psychogeriatric nursing in a mental hospital



This study looks at the psychogeriatric nurse's decision-making process and on this basis seeks to describe the implementation of psychogeriatric nursing in a mental hospital The subjects consist of 26 nurses working on the psychogeriatric wards of one hospital The data were collected using a questionnaire (n= 26), a 1-week time-usage analysis, content analysis of nursing plans (n= 56), and observation of planning meetings (n= 15) The results for different phases of the decision-making process suggested that nurses had little difficulty with the identification of problems Data collection tended to concentrate on the physical side of nursing work The setting of explicit targets for nursing care proved to be difficult The vast majority of the nurses (85%) felt that decision-making on different nursing alternatives was only moderately or not at all successful Over half of the nurses felt that their ability to evaluate the outcome of treatment and nursing was either satisfactory or poor Time-usage analysis indicated that the nurses had frequent interaction with their patients in connection with basic care, although the nurses themselves did not regard this part of their work as active interaction with the patient