Social support: how does it really work?

Authors

  • Ada Spitzer RN PhD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Senior Lecturer, Department of Nursing, School of Health Professions, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel
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      Ada Spitzer is also a director of the Cheryl Spencer School of Nursing, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa Israel

  • Yoram Bar-Tal PhD,

    1. Head of Research Unit, Department of Nursing, School of Health Professions, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel
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  • Hava Colander RN PhD

    1. Chairperson, Department of Nursing, School of Health Professions, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel
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Dr A Spitzer Senior Lecturer Department of Nursing School of Health Professions Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel

Abstract

This study examines social support effect on stress and adaptation through the mediating effect of control Participants in the study were 12 male and 65 female rheumatoid arthritis patients who were being treated in the outpatient clinics of three large hospitals in Israel Findings suggest that social support did have a significant effect on stress and adaptation, though this effect was through the mediating effect of control and not as a buffer as was suggested previously Implications of the results for nursing science are discussed

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