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Relationships among the nurse work environment, self-nurturance and life satisfaction

Authors

  • Mary Ann Nemcek,

    1. Mary Ann Nemcek RN DNS Assistant Professor Decker School of Nursing, Binghamton University, and Mission in Motion Registered Nurse, Our Lady of Lourdes Memorial Hospital, Ascension Health System, Binghamton, New York, USA
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  • Gary D. James

    1. Gary D. James PhD Professor Decker School of Nursing, Binghamton University, Binghamton, New York, USA
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M. A. Nemcek: e-mail: mnemcek@binghamton.edu

Abstract

Title. Title. Relationships among the nurse work environment, self-nurturance and life satisfaction

Aim.  This paper is a report of a study to (1) ascertain the relationship among self-nurturance, perceived Magnet features and life satisfaction and (2) evaluate the predictive effects of self-nurturance and Magnet features on life satisfaction.

Background.  Promoting health is a global priority for nurses and for the public who depend upon them to provide quality care. Health gains can be realized by modifying the work environment and by modifying lifestyle choices (self-nurturance). A study of nurses that examined perceptions of workplace features that enable nurses’ professional practice (Magnet features), self-nurturance and healthy outcomes (life satisfaction) was not found in the literature.

Methods.  Survey data collected in May 2003 from a convenience sample of 310 Registered Nurses were used for this descriptive, correlational study.

Findings.  Self-nurturing nurses were more satisfied with life and perceived that more Magnet features were present in the workplace. Nurses with a master's degree were more self-nurturing than nurses without a baccalaureate degree. The synergistic effect of both self-nurturance and workplace factors predicted 29% of variance in nurses’ life satisfaction.

Conclusion.  Higher levels of perceived Magnet features and frequent self-nurturance choices are important health influences on nurses’ life satisfaction. Greater life satisfaction is known to reduce job dissatisfaction while improving retention. Approaches that incorporate both self-nurturance and workplace Magnet features are suggested to improve the health and retention of experienced nurses.

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