Nursing students’ knowledge and practice of infection control precautions: an educational intervention
Article first published online: 11 SEP 2009
© 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Advanced Nursing
Volume 65, Issue 10, pages 2142–2149, October 2009
How to Cite
Wu, C.-J., Gardner, G. and Chang, A. M. (2009), Nursing students’ knowledge and practice of infection control precautions: an educational intervention. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 65: 2142–2149. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2009.05079.x
- Issue published online: 11 SEP 2009
- Article first published online: 11 SEP 2009
- Accepted for publication 15 May 2009
- educational intervention;
- infection control precautions;
- nursing students;
- severe acute respiratory syndrome
Title. Nursing students’ knowledge and practice of infection control precautions: aneducational intervention.
Aim. This paper is a report of the effectiveness of a purpose-designed education program in improving undergraduate nursing students’ understanding and practice of infection control precautions.
Background. The severe acute respiratory syndrome outbreak in 2003 highlighted that healthcare workers were under-prepared for such an epidemic. While many in-service education sessions were arranged by institutions in response to the outbreak, preservice nursing education has overlooked preparation for handling such infectious disease epidemics.
Method. A quasi-experimental design was used and a 16-hour, purpose-designed infection control education programme was implemented for preservice nursing students in southern Taiwan. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed at three time points during the period September 2005 to April 2006 to examine the sustainability and effectiveness of the intervention.
Results. A total of 175 preservice nursing students participated in the study. Following the education programme, students in the intervention group showed a statistically significant improvement across time in their knowledge of these precautions [F(2, 180) = 13·53, P < 0·001] and confidence in resolving infection-related issues [F(1·79, 168·95) = 3·24] when compared with those in the control group.
Conclusion. To improve nursing students’ capacity in responding to infectious epidemics, an educational programme that integrates the theme of infection precautions, learning theory and teaching strategies is recommended for all nursing institutes.