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Keywords:

  • maternal adaptation;
  • nursing;
  • postnatal;
  • prenatal;
  • quasi-experimental;
  • Roy’s adaptation model;
  • self-evaluation;
  • Turkey

serçekuş p. & mete s. (2010) Effects of antenatal education on maternal prenatal and postpartum adaptation. Journal of Advanced Nursing66(5), 999–1010.

Abstract

Title. Effects of antenatal education on maternal prenatal and postpartum adaptation.

Aim.  This paper is a report of a study of the effects of antenatal education on prenatal and postpartum adaptation in a Turkish context.

Background.  Although there have been a number of studies on the effects of antenatal education on pregnancy, childbirth and parenthood, the evidence of its effectiveness is limited and equivocal. There is insufficient evidence regarding the effects of antenatal education on prenatal and postpartum adaptation and whether individual or group education is more beneficial.

Methods.  A Roy Adaptation Model-based quasi-experimental study with 120 nulliparous women was conducted between 2006 and 2008. Two experimental groups received either group education or individual education; the control group received standard care. Data were collected using a demographical data form and Lederman’s prenatal and postpartum self-evaluation questionnaires.

Findings.  While there were statistically significant differences between the groups in terms of prenatal adaptation, no difference was found in postpartum adaptation. Post hoc analysis showed that women in the experimental groups (individual and group education) were better adapted in the prenatal period compared with those in the control group.

Conclusion.  Roy’s adaptation model may be useful as a guide in prenatal adaptation programmes. Group antenatal education might be preferred over individual education because it is less costly.