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Socio-demographic factors related to functional limitations and care dependency among older Egyptians

Authors

  • Thomas Boggatz,

    1. Thomas Boggatz MA Researcher Centre for Humanities and Health Sciences, Department of the Education for Nurse and Paramedical Teachers and Nursing Science, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany
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  • Tamer Farid,

    1. Tamer Farid MD Assistant Professor Department of Geriatric Medicine, Ain Shams University Hospital, Cairo, Egypt
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  • Ahmed Mohammedin,

    1. Ahmed Mohammedin MB MSc Assistant Lecturer Department of Geriatric Medicine, Ain Shams University Hospital, Cairo, Egypt
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  • Ate Dijkstra,

    1. Ate Dijkstra PhD RN Senior Researcher Northern Center for Healthcare Research, University of Groningen, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands
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  • Christa Lohrmann,

    1. Christa Lohrmann MA PhD RN Head of Department Department of Nursing Science, Medical University of Graz, Austria
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  • Theo Dassen

    1. Theo Dassen PhD RN Head of Department Centre for Humanities and Health Sciences, Department of the Education for Nurse and Paramedical Teachers and Nursing Science, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany
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B. Boggatz: e-mail: thomasboggatz@hotmail.de

Abstract

boggatz t., farid t., mohammedin a., dijkstra a., lohrmann c. & dassen t. (2010) Socio-demographic factors related to functional limitations and care dependency among older Egyptians. Journal of Advanced Nursing66(5), 1047–1058.

Abstract

Title. Socio-demographic factors related to functional limitations and care dependency among older Egyptians.

Aim.  This paper is a report of a study determining the relationship of socio-demographic factors to functional limitations and care dependency among older care recipients and non-care recipients in Egypt.

Background.  The population is ageing in Egypt and age-related functional limitations are increasing. Age and gender influence this phenomenon, but its relationship to socio-economic status has not yet been demonstrated for Egypt. Functional limitations are an antecedent to care dependency, which also may be associated with these socio-demographic factors.

Method.  A cross-sectional study with a two-group comparative design was conducted in Greater Cairo. The sample was composed of 267 non-care recipients and 344 care recipients. Path analysis was used to determine the relationship between variables. Age, gender and acceptance of care were covariates in the multiple regressions. Analyses were conducted separately for care recipients and non-care recipients.

Results.  Among non-care recipients, lower socio-economic status was related to more functional limitations and higher care dependency. This relationship was not found among care recipients.

Conclusion.  Older persons from low income groups are more likely to become care dependent but are less able to pay for required care. Currently, untrained volunteer groups of religious organizations try to support these older people in the poorer strata of Egyptian society. Training in the basics of care might help to make their work more effective.

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