chow s.k.y. & wong f.k.y. (2010) Health-related quality of life in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis: effects of a nurse-led case management programme. Journal of Advanced Nursing 66(8), 1780–1792.
Title. Health-related quality of life in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis: effects of a nurse-led case management programme.
Aim. This paper is a report of an examination of the effectiveness of a nurse-led case management programme in improving the quality of life of peritoneal dialysis patients in Hong Kong.
Background. Patients with end-stage renal failure need integrated health care to maintain a desirable quality of life. Studies suggest that transitional care using a nurse case management model has a positive effect for patients suffering from chronic diseases, but the results have not been conclusive.
Method. Eighty-five patients participated in the study in 2005, 43 in the study group and 42 in the control group. Patients in the control group received routine hospital discharge services. Study group patients received a comprehensive education programme prior to discharge and standardized, 6-week nurse-initiated telephone follow-up. Kidney disease quality of life was measured for each patient at three time intervals: before the intervention, at completion of the 6-week intervention and 6 weeks after completion of the programme.
Results. Repeated measures analysis of variance, general linear model was carried out. Statistically significant within-group effects were found for symptoms/problems, effects of kidney disease, sleep, role-physical, pain, emotional wellbeing and social function. Statistically significant interaction effects were demonstrated for staff encouragement, patient satisfaction, sleep and social function.
Conclusion. The nurse-led case management programme can be applied effectively to patients receiving peritoneal dialysis. The new model of care is particularly useful for enhancing patients’ wellbeing in the transition from hospital to home.