teng h.-l., yen m. & fetzer s. (2010) Health promotion lifestyle profile-II: Chinese version short form. Journal of Advanced Nursing 66(8), 1864–1873.
Title. Health promotion lifestyle profile-II: Chinese version short form.
Aim. This paper is a report of an examination of the validity and reliability of the Chinese version of the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile.
Background. The Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile, a well-known instrument measuring health promotion lifestyle behaviours and developed by Walker in 1987 and later refined, has been translated into several languages. The original Chinese translated version, based on Walker’s 48-item 1987 version, detected six dimensions of health promotion lifestyle behaviours. The 52-item revised Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile-II has not been tested for Mandarin-speakers.
Method. After the English version of the Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile-II was translated into Chinese using established forward-backward translation procedures, the psychometric properties of the translated version were determined with 331 Taiwanese Mandarin-speaking adults. Data were collected from August 2007 to July 2008 at outpatient clinics for health screening in Southern Taiwan. The psychometric properties of the instrument were evaluated, including the internal consistency, test–retest reliability, item analysis and factor analysis.
Results. Neither Walker’s original 6-factor model nor a forced 6-factor solution of the 52 items of the Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile-II was supported. Parallel analysis suggested that five factors be retained, with the 5-factor solution statistically and conceptually satisfactory. The 5-factor Chinese version of the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile explained 53% of the variance in healthy lifestyles. Thirty items were retained for the Chinese version of the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile.
Discussion. Deletion of 22 items from the Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile-II did not impair the ability of the Chinese version of the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile to measure a healthy lifestyle among a sample of Taiwanese adults. The data support the fact that lifestyle is influenced by culture.