Case management educational intervention with public health nurses: cluster randomized controlled trial
Article first published online: 16 JUL 2010
© 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Advanced Nursing
Volume 66, Issue 10, pages 2234–2244, October 2010
How to Cite
Liu, W.-I., Edwards, H. and Courtney, M. (2010), Case management educational intervention with public health nurses: cluster randomized controlled trial. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 66: 2234–2244. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05392.x
- Issue published online: 2 SEP 2010
- Article first published online: 16 JUL 2010
- Accepted for publication 22 May 2010
- case management;
- evaluation research;
- public health nursing;
- randomized controlled trial;
liu w.-i., edwards h. & courtney m. (2010) Case management educational intervention with public health nurses: cluster randomized controlled trial. Journal of Advanced Nursing 66(10), 2234–2244.
Aim. This paper is a report of a study conducted to determine the effectiveness of a community case management collaborative education intervention in terms of satisfaction, learning and performance among public health nurses.
Background. Previous evaluation studies of case management continuing professional education often failed to demonstrate effectiveness across a range of outcomes and had methodological weaknesses such as small convenience samples and lack of control groups.
Method. A cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted between September 2005 and February 2006. Ten health centre clusters (five control, five intervention) recruited 163 public health nurses in Taiwan to the trial. After pre-tests for baseline measurements, public health nurses in intervention centres received an educational intervention of four half-day workshops. Post-tests for both groups were conducted after the intervention. Two-way repeated measures analysis of variance was performed to evaluate the effect of the intervention on target outcomes.
Results. A total of 161 participants completed the pre- and post-intervention measurements. This was almost a 99% response rate. Results revealed that 97% of those in the experimental group were satisfied with the programme. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups in knowledge (P = 0·001), confidence in case management skills (P = 0·001), preparedness for case manager role activities (P = 0·001), self-reported frequency in using skills (P = 0·001) and role activities (P = 0·004).
Conclusion. Collaboration between academic and clinical nurses is an effective strategy to prepare nurses for rapidly changing roles.