Health index, sense of coherence scale, brief religious coping scale and spiritual perspective scale: psychometric properties
Article first published online: 16 AUG 2010
© 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Advanced Nursing
Volume 66, Issue 12, pages 2796–2806, December 2010
How to Cite
Rohani, C., Khanjari, S., Abedi, H.-A., Oskouie, F. and Langius-Eklöf, A. (2010), Health index, sense of coherence scale, brief religious coping scale and spiritual perspective scale: psychometric properties. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 66: 2796–2806. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05409.x
- Issue published online: 14 NOV 2010
- Article first published online: 16 AUG 2010
- Accepted for publication 11 June 2010
- Brief Religious Coping;
- Health Index;
- instrument translation;
- psychometric properties;
- Sense of Coherence;
- Spiritual Perspective Scale;
rohani c., khanjari s., abedi h-a., oskouie f. & langius-eklöf a. (2010) Health index, sense of coherence scale, brief religious coping scale and spiritual perspective scale: psychometric properties. Journal of Advanced Nursing 66(12), 2796–2806.
Aim. This paper is a report of a study to translate one Swedish and three English instruments into the Persian language, and to estimate their validity and reliability.
Background. The Sense of Coherence Scale, Health Index, Brief Religious Coping Scale and Spiritual Perspective Scale are all well tested instruments for use in nursing research. Since there was no Persian translation of these instruments, they had to be translated and cross-culturally adapted for nursing research in the Iranian culture.
Method. After the translation process, sampling for psychometric tests was done. A sample of healthy Iranian people (n = 375) was selected to response to the instruments in 2006, at baseline and 1 month later.
Findings. Cronbach’s alpha values and intra-class correlations were high (>0·70). Tests of criterion-related validity showed that six of the ten hypotheses were confirmed, and the four rejected hypotheses did not imply a threat to validity. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that sense of coherence was the strongest predictor of well-being (Health Index scores) both at baseline ( = 0·52, P < 0·001) and 1 month later (= 0·58, P < 0·001).
Conclusion. There is a sound psychometric basis for using the Iranian versions of these instruments in nursing research with the Iranian population. The Sense of Coherence Scale proved to be as valid and reliable as in Western countries, which supports its cross-cultural applicability.