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Malnutrition and nutritional care practices in hospital wards for older people

Authors

  • Katrien Vanderwee,

    1. Katrien Vanderwee MA PhD RN Professor, Nursing Science Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium
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  • Els Clays,

    1. Els Clays MA PhD Assistant Professor Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium
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  • Ilse Bocquaert,

    1. Ilse Bocquaert MA RN Scientific Staff Member, Nursing Science Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium
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  • Sofie Verhaeghe,

    1. Sofie Verhaeghe PhD RN Professor, Nursing Science Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium
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  • Miguel Lardennois,

    1. Miguel Lardennois MA RN Scientific Staff Member Federal Public Service Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment, Health Care Facilities Organisation, Brussels, Belgium
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  • Micheline Gobert,

    1. Micheline Gobert MA PhD RN Researcher, Interdisciplinary Research Unit in Nursing Clinical and Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Catholique University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
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  • Tom Defloor

    1. Tom Defloor MA PhD RN Professor, Nursing Science Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium
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K. Vanderwee: e-mail: katrien.vanderwee@ugent.be

Abstract

vanderwee k., clays e., bocquaert i., verhaeghe s., lardennois m., gobert m. & defloor t. (2011) Malnutrition and nutritional care practices in hospital wards for older people. Journal of Advanced Nursing67(4), 736–746.

Abstract

Aims.  This paper is a report of a study conducted to gain a better insight into the current nutritional care practices in Belgian hospital wards for older people, and to study the association between these practices and the prevalence of malnutrition.

Background.  In 1999, the Council of Europe assessed nutritional care practices and support in 12 European countries and showed them to be sparse and inconsistent. At the time of research, no studies had described the association between nutritional care practices and malnutrition prevalence in Belgium.

Methods.  In 2007, a cross-sectional survey was carried out in a representative sample of Belgian hospital wards for older people. In total, 2094 patients from 140 wards for older people were included.

Results.  The overall prevalence rate of malnutrition in wards for older people was 31·9%. Nutritional care practices such as nutritional screening and assessment, use of a standardized screening instrument and a nutritional protocol were suboptimal. Multilevel analysis revealed that ward characteristics explained for 9·1% whether a patient was malnourished or not. None of the registered nutritional care practices could explain a patient’s individual risk.

Conclusion.  Malnutrition is a frequently occurring problem on hospital wards for older people. Increased consciousness among healthcare professionals and hospital policy makers of the importance of nutritional care will contribute to further improvement in care quality.

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