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Associations between self-rated health and psychosocial conditions, lifestyle factors and health resources among hospital nurses in Lithuania

Authors

  • Vilija Malinauskiene,

    1. Vilija Malinauskiene PhD Senior Researcher Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
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  • Palmira Leisyte,

    1. Palmira Leisyte PhD Associate Professor Department of Internal Diseases, Kaunas University of Medicine, Lithuania
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  • Malinauskas Romualdas,

    1. Malinauskas Romualdas PhD Professor Department of Social Sciences and Humanities, Lithuanian Academy of Physical Education, Kaunas, Lithuania
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  • Kristina Kirtiklyte

    1. Kristina Kirtiklyte MD Researcher Department of Health and Physical Activity, Lithuanian Academy of Physical Education, Kaunas, Lithuania
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V. Malinauskiene: e-mail: vilimali@itc.kmu.lt

Abstract

Malinauskiene V., Leisyte P., Malinauskas R. & Kirtiklyte K. (2011) Associations between self-rated health and psychosocial conditions, lifestyle factors and health resources among hospital nurses in Lithuania. Journal of Advanced Nursing67(11), 2383–2393.

Abstract

Aim.  The aim of our study was to investigate the association between self-rated health and psychosocial factors at work and everyday life (job demands, job control, social support, workplace bullying, life-threatening events); health behaviours (smoking, alcohol, being overweight, obesity, low physical activity); mental distress; job satisfaction; and sense of coherence in a representative sample of Lithuanian hospitals’ internal medicine department nurses.

Background.  Recent trends to extend the retirement age in many countries of the European Union challenge future public health. Nurses are exposed to a broad variety of adverse psychosocial factors at work and in every day life that affect their health perception. As the retirement age in Lithuania is to be extended to 65 years for women, research on the associations of poor self-rated health with related factors is important.

Method.  A cross-sectional study was carried out in the period 2005–2006 using the representative sample of Lithuanian hospitals’ internal medicine department nurses. Data were collected from 748 nurses using questionnaire (response rate 53·9%).

Results.  About 60·4% of nurses rated their health negatively. In the fully adjusted model age, high job demands, low job control, low social support at work, life-threatening events, low physical activity, being overweight, obesity, mental distress, job dissatisfaction and weak sense of coherence were associated with negative self-rated health.

Conclusions.  Preventive strategies against adverse psychosocial working conditions of nurses should be implemented in the Lithuanian hospitals.

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