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Psychometric testing of the Spanish version of the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index in a primary healthcare context

Authors

  • Joan De Pedro-Gómez,

    1. Joan De Pedro-Gómez BSc PhD RN Full Professor Nursing Department, Evidence Based Clinical Practice and Knowledge Transfer Research Group Member, Balearic Islands University, Palma, Spain
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  • José Miguel Morales-Asencio,

    1. José Miguel Morales-Asencio BSc PhD RN Associate Professor Faculty of Nursing, Physiotherapy, Podology and Occupational Therapy, University of Málaga, Spain
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  • Albert Sesé-Abad,

    1. Albert Sesé-Abad BSc PhD Full Professor Faculty of Psychology, Balearic Islands University, Palma, Spain
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  • Miquel Bennasar-Veny,

    1. Miquel Bennasar-Veny BSc MSc RN PhD Student and Lecturer Nursing Department, Evidence Based Clinical Practice and Knowledge Transfer Research Group Members, Balearic Islands University, Palma, Spain
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  • Jordi Pericas-Beltran,

    1. Jordi Pericas-Beltran BSc PhD RN Full Professor Nursing Department, Balearic Islands University, Palma, Spain
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  • Angélica Miguélez-Chamorro

    1. Angélica Miguélez-Chamorro RN Director of Nursing Primary Care Management Unit, Balearic Islands Health Service, Palma, Spain
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J. De Pedro-Gómez: e-mail: depedro@uib.es

Abstract

de pedro-gómez j., morales-asencio j.m., sesé-abad a., bennasar-veny m., pericas-beltran J. & miguélez-chamorro a. (2012) Psychometric testing of the Spanish version of the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index in a primary healthcare context. Journal of Advanced Nursing68(1), 212–221.

Abstract

Aim.  This paper is a report of psychometric testing of the Spanish version of the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index for use in a primary health care.

Background.  The Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index has been widely used in different studies and contexts. However, there is no validated version for primary care nursing staff in Spain.

Methods.  A descriptive, multicentre, cross-sectional study for transcultural adaptation and psychometric validation purposes. Data were collected from October 2009 to January 2010. To test the reliability of the factors in the measurement model, Cronbach’s alpha was used. To study the measurement model, different structural models were tested, using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. 377 completed questionnaires were obtained from a total of 553 nurses working for the Public Health Service in the Balearic Islands (Spain). This represents a response rate of 68·2%.

Results.  For overall reliability, a Cronbach alpha of 0·91 was obtained. The confirmatory analysis upholds the original five-factor structure.

Conclusion.  The excellent goodness of fit of the confirmatory analysis corroborates the validity of this adapted version in primary healthcare contexts.

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