Effects of a relaxation training programme on immediate and prolonged stress responses in women with preterm labour

Authors

  • Li-Lan Chuang,

    1. Li-Lan Chuang RN MSN PhD Candidate College of Nursing, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, and Instructor Department of Nursing, Chang Gung Institute of Technology, Taoyuan, Taiwan
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  • Li-Chan Lin,

    1. Li-Chan Lin PhD RN Professor Institute of Clinical and Community Health Nursing, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
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  • Po-Jen Cheng,

    1. Po-Jen Cheng MD Obstetric Chief Department of Gynecology and Obstetric, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Linkou Medical Center, Taoyuan, Taiwan
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  • Chung-Hey Chen,

    1. Chung-Hey Chen PhD RN Professor Institute of Allied Health Sciences, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan
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  • Shiao-Chi Wu,

    1. Shiao-Chi Wu PhD Professor Institute of Health and Welfare Policy, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
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  • Chuan-Lin Chang

    1. Chuan-Lin Chang EdD Associate Professor Education Center for Humanities and Social Sciences, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
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L.-C. Lin: e-mail: lichan@ym.edu.tw

Abstract

chuang l.-l., lin l.-c., cheng p.-j., chen c.-h., wu s.-c. & chang c.-l. (2012) Effects of a relaxation training programme on immediate and prolonged stress responses in women with preterm labour. Journal of Advanced Nursing68(1), 170–180.

Abstract

Aim.  This paper is a report of an experimental study of the effects of relaxation-training programme on immediate and prolonged stress responses in women with preterm labour.

Background.  Hospitalized pregnant women with preterm labour experience developmental and situational stress. However, few studies have been performed on stress management in such women.

Methods.  An experimental pretest and repeated post-test design was used to compare the outcomes for two groups in northern Taiwan from December 2008, to May 2010. A total of 129 women were randomly assigned to an experimental (n = 68) or control (n = 61) group. The experimental group participants were instructed to listen daily to a 13-minute relaxation programme. Measurements involved the stress visual analogue scale, finger temperatures, State Trait Anxiety Inventory, Perceived Stress Scale and Pregnancy-related Anxiety. Two-way analysis of variance and hierarchical linear modelling were used to analyse the group differences.

Results.  Compared with those in the control group, participants in the experimental group showed immediate improvements in the stress visual analogue scale scores and finger temperatures. The State Trait Anxiety Inventory-State subscale score for the experimental group was significantly lower than that for the control group (P = 0·03). However, no statistically significant differences for the Perceived Stress Scale and Pregnancy-related Anxiety scores were found between the experimental group and the control group.

Conclusions.  The relaxation-training programme could improve the stress responses of women with preterm labour.

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