Humanistic Nursing Theory: application to hospice and palliative care
Article first published online: 20 JUL 2011
© 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Advanced Nursing
Volume 68, Issue 2, pages 471–479, February 2012
How to Cite
Wu, H.-L. and Volker, D. L. (2012), Humanistic Nursing Theory: application to hospice and palliative care. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68: 471–479. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2011.05770.x
- Issue published online: 10 JAN 2012
- Article first published online: 20 JUL 2011
- Accepted for publication 14 May 2011
- hospice palliative care;
- Humanistic Nursing Theory;
wu h.-l. & volker d.l. (2012) Humanistic Nursing Theory: application to hospice and palliative care. Journal of Advanced Nursing 68(2), 471–479.
Aim. This article presents a discussion of the relevance of Humanistic Nursing Theory to hospice and palliative care nursing.
Background. The World Health Organization has characterized the need for expert, palliative and end-of-life care as a top priority for global health care. The specialty of hospice and palliative care nursing embraces a humanistic caring and holistic approach to patient care. As this resonates with Paterson and Zderad’s Humanistic Nursing Theory, an understanding of hospice nurses’ experiences can be investigated by application of relevant constructs in the theory.
Data sources. This article is based on Paterson and Zderad’s publications and other theoretical and research articles and books focused on Humanistic Nursing Theory (1976–2009), and data from a phenomenological study of the lived experience of Taiwanese hospice nurses conducted in 2007.
Discussion. Theoretical concepts relevant to hospice and palliative nursing included moreness-choice, call-and-response, intersubjective transaction, uniqueness-otherness, being and doing and community.
Implications for nursing. The philosophical perspectives of Humanistic Nursing Theory are relevant to the practice of hospice and palliative care nursing. By ‘being with and doing with’, hospice and palliative nurses can work with patients to achieve their final goals in the last phase of life.
Conclusion. Use of core concepts from Humanistic Nursing Theory can provide a unifying language for planning care and describing interventions. Future research efforts in hospice and palliative nursing should define and evaluate these concepts for efficacy in practice settings.