Effects of maternal confidence and competence on maternal parenting stress in newborn care
Version of Record online: 27 JUL 2011
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of Advanced Nursing © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Advanced Nursing
Volume 68, Issue 4, pages 908–918, April 2012
How to Cite
Liu, C.-C., Chen, Y.-C., Yeh, Y.-P. and Hsieh, Y.-S. (2012), Effects of maternal confidence and competence on maternal parenting stress in newborn care. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68: 908–918. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2011.05796.x
- Issue online: 13 MAR 2012
- Version of Record online: 27 JUL 2011
- Accepted for publication 18 June 2011
- infant care;
- maternal competence;
- maternal confidence;
- maternal parenting stress;
- postpartum women
liu c.-c., chen y.-c., yeh y.-p. & hsieh y.-s.(2011) Effects of maternal confidence and competence on maternal parenting stress in newborn care. Journal of Advanced Nursing 68(4), 908–918.
Aim. This paper is a report of a correlational study of the relations of maternal confidence and maternal competence to maternal parenting stress during newborn care.
Background. Maternal role development is a cognitive and social process influenced by cultural and family contexts and mother and child characteristics. Most knowledge about maternal role development comes from western society. However, perceptions of the maternal role in contemporary Taiwanese society may be affected by contextual and environmental factors.
Methods. A prospective correlational design was used to recruit 372 postpartum Taiwanese women and their infants from well-child clinics at 16 health centres in central Taiwan. Inclusion criteria for mothers were gestational age >37 weeks, ≥18 years old, and healthy, with infants <4 months old. Data were collected between August 2007 and January 2008 using a self-report questionnaire on mothers’ and infants’ demographic variables, maternal confidence, maternal competence and self-perceived maternal parenting stress.
Results. After controlling for maternal parity and infant temperament, high maternal confidence and competence were associated with low maternal parenting stress. Maternal confidence influenced maternal parenting stress both directly and indirectly via maternal competence.
Conclusion. To assist postpartum women in infant care programmes achieve positive outcomes, nurses should evaluate and bolster mothers’ belief in their own abilities. Likewise, nurses should not only consider mothers’ infant care skills, but also mothers’ parity and infant temperament. Finally, it is crucial for nurses and researchers to recognize that infant care programmes should be tailored to mothers’ specific maternal characteristics.