Factors influencing Dutch practice nurses’ intention to adopt a new smoking cessation intervention

Authors

  • Lisa Leitlein,

    1. Lisa Leitlein BSc Masters Student Department of Health Promotion, Maastricht University, The Netherlands
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  • Eline Suzanne Smit,

    1. Eline Suzanne Smit MSc PhD Student Department of Health Promotion, Maastricht University, The Netherlands and CAPHRI School for Public Health and Primary Care
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  • Hein de Vries,

    1. Hein de Vries PhD Professor in Health Communication Department of Health Promotion, Maastricht University, The Netherlands and CAPHRI School for Public Health and Primary Care
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  • Ciska Hoving

    1. Ciska Hoving PhD Assistant Professor Health Communication in Health Care Settings Department of Health Promotion, Maastricht University, The Netherlands and CAPHRI School for Public Health and Primary Care
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Errata

This article is corrected by:

  1. Errata: Corrigendum Volume 69, Issue 2, 493–494, Article first published online: 13 January 2013

E.S. Smit: e-mail: es.smit@maastrichtuniversity.nl

Abstract

leitlein l., smit e.s., de vries h. & hoving c. (2012) Factors influencing Dutch practice nurses’ intention to adopt a new smoking cessation intervention. Journal of Advanced Nursing68(10), 2185–2194.

Abstract

Aims.  This article is a report of a study that aimed to identify factors influencing practice nurses’ and nurse practitioners’ intention to adopt a new smoking cessation intervention.

Background.  Although effective smoking cessation interventions exist and practice nurses can offer a considerable resource in advertising patients to quit smoking, due to several reasons the majority of practice nurses do not implement these interventions.

Methods.  A cross-sectional study was undertaken among Dutch practice nurses and nurse practitioners working in general practices (= 139) using electronic questionnaires. Data were collected from January until March in 2009. T-tests were used to compare adopters with non-adopters about their predisposing and motivational factors. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess the variation in intention explained by these factors.

Results.  The majority of practice nurses did not intend to adopt the new intervention (= 85; 61·2%). More practice nurses than nurse practitioners intended to adopt the intervention. Attitude and perceived social norms were found to be positively correlated with the intention to adopt the intervention whereas satisfaction with current smoking cessation activities was found to be negatively correlated.

Conclusion.  Important associations were found between profession, attitude, social norms and satisfaction, and the intention to adopt the new smoking cessation intervention. Practice nurses who do not intend to adopt need to be persuaded of the advantages of adopting. Perceived social norms need to be restructured and before presenting the intervention to a general practice current smoking cessation activities should be determined to increase the intervention’s compatibility with these current practices.

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