Tackling perinatal loss, a participatory action research approach: research protocol

Authors

  • Sonia María Pastor-Montero,

    1. Sonia María Pastor-Montero MScN RN
      PhD Student, Hospital Nurse
      Mother and Child Unit, Montilla Hospital, Córdoba, Spain
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  • José Manuel Romero-Sánchez,

    1. José Manuel Romero-Sánchez MScN RN
      PhD Student, Research Nurse
      Research Group under the Andalusian Research, Development and Innovation Scheme CTS-391, University of Cádiz, Cádiz, Spain
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  • Juan Carlos Paramio-Cuevas,

    1. Juan Carlos Paramio-Cuevas MSc RN
      PhD Student, Research Nurse
      Research Group under the Andalusian Research, Development and Innovation Scheme CTS-553, University of Cádiz, Cádiz, Spain
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  • César Hueso-Montoro,

    1. César Hueso-Montoro PhD, RN
      Associate Professor
      Nursing School, Nursing Department, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
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  • Olga Paloma-Castro,

    1. Olga Paloma-Castro MSc RN
      PhD Student, Professor
      Nursing School, Nursing Department, University of Cádiz, Cádiz, Spain
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  • Manuel Lillo-Crespo,

    1. Manuel Lillo-Crespo PhD RN MSN
      Assistant Professor
      Nursing School, Nursing Department, University of Alicante, Alicante, Spain
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  • Cristina Castro-Yuste,

    1. Cristina Castro-Yuste MSc RN
      PhD Student, Professor
      Nursing School, Nursing Department, University of Cádiz, Cádiz, Spain
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  • Ana Cristina Toledano-Losa,

    1. Ana Cristina Toledano-Losa RN
      Hospital Nurse
      Mother and Child Unit, Montilla Hospital, Córdoba, Spain
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  • Concepción Carnicer-Fuentes,

    1. Concepción Carnicer-Fuentes MSc RN
      PhD Student, Professor
      Nursing School, Nursing Department, University of Cádiz, Cádiz, Spain
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  • José Alejo Ortegón-Gallego,

    1. José Alejo Ortegón-Gallego NP RN
      Case Management Nurse
      Case Management Department, Infanta Margarita Hospital, Cabra, Spain
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  • Anna J Frandsen

    1. Anna J Frandsen MSc RN
      Research Nurse
      Research Group under the Andalusian Research, Development and Innovation Scheme CTS-391, University of Cádiz, Cádiz, Spain
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S.M. Pastor-Montero: e-mail: smpastor@ephag.es

Abstract

pastor-montero s.m., romero-sánchez j.m., paramio-cuevas j.c., hueso-montoro c., paloma-castro o., lillo-crespo m., castro-yuste c., toledano-losa a.c., carnicer-fuentes c., ortegón-gallego j.a. & frandsen a.j. (2012) Tackling perinatal loss, a participatory action research approach: research protocol. Journal of Advanced Nursing68(11), 2578–2585.

Abstract

Aim.  The aim of this study was to promote changes to improve the care provided to parents who have experienced a perinatal loss through participatory action research.

Background.  The birth of a child is a joyful event for most families, however, unfortunately some pregnancies end in loss. Perinatal loss creates a heavy emotional impact not only on parents but also on health professionals, where in most cases there is an evident lack of skills, strategies and resources to cope with these kinds of situations.

Design.  Participatory action research is the methodology proposed to achieve the purpose of this study.

Methods.  Participatory action research consists of five stages: outreach and awareness, induction, interaction, implementation and systematization. The working group will include professionals from the Mother and Child Unit for patients at a tertiary level public hospital in Spain. The duration of the study will be 3 years since the approval of the protocol in January 2011. The qualitative techniques used will include group dynamics such as the SWOT analysis the nominal group technique, focus groups and brainstorming, among others that will be recorded and transcribed, generating reports throughout the evolution of the group sessions and about the consensus reached. Content analysis will be conducted on the field diaries kept by the participants and researchers. This project has been funded by the Andalusian Regional Ministry of Health.

Discussion.  Participatory action research is a methodological strategy that allows changes in clinical practice to conduct a comprehensive transformative action in the care process for perinatal loss.

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