Lesbian co-mothers' experiences of maternity healthcare services
Article first published online: 14 AUG 2012
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Advanced Nursing
Volume 69, Issue 6, pages 1269–1278, June 2013
How to Cite
2013) Lesbian co-mothers' experiences of maternity healthcare services. Journal of Advanced Nursing 69(6), 1269–1278. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2012.06115.x., , & (
- Issue published online: 10 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 14 AUG 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 JUL 2012
- donor conception;
- lesbian co-mothers/non-biological lesbian mothers;
- maternity health care;
- sperm donation
This article is a report of a study of lesbian co-mothers' experiences of UK maternity healthcare services.
With the increase in fertility provision to lesbian couples, maternity healthcare services are increasingly coming into contact with lesbian co-mothers. Literature highlights the need to investigate donor-conceived lesbian families and an absence of research focusing on the unique experiences of co-mothers in the maternity process.
The study followed a qualitative design and interpretative phenome-nological analysis methodology.
A qualitative study was carried out involving ten lesbian co-mothers, whose children were conceived via anonymous donor insemination to their partners. Data collection took place between May–September 2009.
Interpretative phenomenological analysis revealed two main types of co-mothers' experiences, those connected with maternity service structures and interpersonal experiences with maternity care staff. Co-mothers felt excluded by heterocentric organizational service structures. However, the co-mothers' overwhelming experiences with staff were positive and inclusive. Despite this, co-mothers reported that any ambiguous or non-inclusive experiences with professionals left them questioning whether these experiences were due to homophobic attitudes or professional incompetence.
The results indicate that these lesbian co-mothers felt predominantly included and accepted by maternity services. Ambiguous interpersonal experiences, however, evoked doubts in this regard. In addition, organizational heterocentric structural barriers remain. Structural service delivery changes could facilitate co-mothers' feelings of inclusion and highlight the important role practitioners have in contributing to co-mothers' experiences.