• Bardonnet, A. & Heland, M. (1994) The influence of potential predators on the habitat preferenda of emerging brown trout. Journal of Fish Biology, 45 (Suppl. A), 131142.
  • Carter, M.G., Copp, G.H. & Szomlai, V. (2004) Seasonal abundance and microhabitat use of bullhead Cottus gobio and accompanying fish species in the River Avon (Hampshire), and implications for conservation. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 14, 395412.
  • Cook, R.D. & Weisberg, S. (1982) Residuals and Influence in Regression. Chapman & Hall, London.
  • Elliott, J.M. (1985) The choice of a stock-recruitment model for migratory trout, Salmo trutta, in an English Lake District stream. Archiv für Hydrobiologie, 104, 145168.
  • Elliott, J.M. (1994) Quantitative Ecology and the Brown Trout. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Elliott, J.M. (2000) Pools as refugia for brown trout during two summer droughts: trout responses to thermal and oxygen stress. Journal of Fish Biology, 56, 938948.
  • Elliott, J.M. (2002) Shadow competition in wild juvenile sea-trout. Journal of Fish Biology, 61, 12681281.
  • Elliott, J.M. & Elliott, J.A. (1995) The critical thermal limits for the bullhead, Cottus gobio, from three populations in northwest England. Freshwater Biology, 33, 411418.
  • Elliott, J.M. & Elliott, J.A. (2005) A 35-year study of stock-recruitment relationships in a small population of sea-trout: assumptions, implications, and limitations for predicting targets. In: Sea Trout: Biology, Conservation and Management (eds N.Milner & G.Harris), pp. 000000. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.
  • Elliott, J.M. & Hurley, M.A. (1998) An individual-based model for predicting the emergence period of sea-trout fry in a Lake District stream. Journal of Fish Biology, 53, 414433.
  • Elliott, J.M., Hurley, M.A. & Elliott, J.A. (1997) Variable effects of droughts on the density of a sea-trout Salmo trutta population over 30 years. Journal of Applied Ecology, 34, 12291238.
  • Gabler, H.M. & Amundsen, P.-A. (1999) Resource partitioning between Siberian sculpin (Cottus poecilopus Heckel) and Atlantic salmon parr (Salmo salar L.) in a sub-Arctic river, northern Norway. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 8, 201208.
  • Gabler, H.M., Amundsen, P.-A. & Herfindal, T. (2001) Diet segregation between introduced bullhead (Cottus gobio L.) and Atlantic salmon parr (Salmo salar L.) in a sub-Arctic river. Archiv für Hydrobiologie, 151, 609625.
  • Gaudin, P. & Caillere, L. (1990) Microdistribution of Cottus gobio L. and fry of Salmo trutta L. in a first order stream. Polskie Archiwum Hydrobiologii, 37, 8193.
  • Gaudin, P. & Caillere, L. (2000) Experimental study of the influence of presence and predation by sculpin, Cottus gobio L., on the drift of emergent brown trout, Salmo trutta L. Archiv für Hydrobiologie, 147, 257271.
  • Gaudin, P. & Heland, M. (1984) Influence d’adultes de chabots (Cottus gobio L.) sur des alevins de truite commune (Salmo trutta L.): étude expérimentale en milieux semi-naturels. Acta Oecologica/Acta Applicata, 5, 7183.
  • Hanski, I. (1999) Metapopulation Ecology. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Hanski, I. & Gilpin, M. (1991) Metapopulation dynamics: brief history and conceptual domain. Biological Journal of the Linnaean Society, 42, 316.
  • Hassell, M.P. (2000) The Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Host Parasitoid Interactions. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Heggenes, J. (1996) Habitat selection by brown trout (Salmo trutta) and young Atlantic salmon (S. salar) in streams: static and dynamic hydraulic modelling. Regulated Rivers: Research and Management, 12, 155169.
  • Heggenes, J., Baglinière, J.-L. & Cunjak, R.A. (1995) Synthetic note on spatial niche selection and competition in young Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and brown trout (Salmo trutta) in lotic environments. Bulletin Francais de la Pêche et de la Pisciculture, 337–9, 231239.
  • Mills, C.A. & Mann, R.H.K. (1983) The bullhead Cottus gobio, a versatile and successful fish. Annual Report of the Freshwater Biology Association, 51, 7688.
  • Nee, S. & May, R.M. (1992) Dynamics of metapopulations: habitat destruction and competitive coexistence. Journal of Animal Ecology, 61, 3740.
  • Olsen, E.M. & Vøllestad, L.A. (2001) Within-stream variation in early life-history traits in brown trout. Journal of Fish Biology, 59, 15791588.
  • Olsen, E.M. & Vøllestad, L.A. (2003) Microgeographical variation in brown trout reproductive traits: possible effects of biotic interactions. Oikos, 100, 483492.
  • Pihlaja, O., Julkunen, M., Niemela, E. & Erkinaro, J. (1998) Changes in the density of introduced bullhead, Cottus gobio L. and its impact on juvenile Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., densities in a sub-Arctic salmon river in northern Finland. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 5, 189199.
    Direct Link:
  • Ricker, W.E. (1954) Stock and recruitment. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 11, 559623.
  • Shorrocks, B. & Swingland, I.R. (1990) Living in a Patchy Environment. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Smyly, W.J.P. (1957) The life-history of the bullhead or miller's thumb (Cottus gobio L.). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 128, 431453.
  • Tilman, D. (1994) Competition and biodiversity in spatially structured habitats. Ecology, 75, 216.
  • Welton, J.S., Mills, C.A. & Pygott, J.R. (1991) The effect of interaction between the stone loach Noemacheilus barbatulus (L.) and the bullhead Cottus gobio (L.) on prey and habitat selection. Hydrobiologia, 220, 17.
  • Welton, J.S., Mills, C.A. & Rendle, E.L. (1983) Food and habitat partitioning in two small benthic fishes, Noemacheilus barbatulus (L.) and Cottus gobio L. Archiv für Hydrobiologie, 97, 434454.