SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aebischer, N.J. & Coulson, J.C. (1990) Survival of the kittiwake in relation to sex, year, breeding experience and position in the colony. Journal of Animal Ecology, 59, 10631071.
  • Aebischer, N.J. & Wanless, S. (1992) Relationships between colony size, adult non-breeding and environmental conditions for the Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis on the Isle of May, Scotland. Bird Study, 39, 4352.
  • Ainley, D.G. (2002) The Adélie Penguin: Bellwether of Climate Change. Columbia University Press, New York.
  • Barbraud, C. & Weimerskirch, H. (2001) Emperor penguins and climate change. Nature, 411, 183186.
  • Barbraud, C. & Weimerskirch, H. (2005) Environmental conditions and breeding experience affect costs of reproduction in blue petrels. Ecology, 86, 682692.
  • Barrat, A. (1976) Quelques aspects de la biologie et de l’écologie du Manchot royal Aptenodytes patagonicus des Iles Crozet. Comité National Français des Recherches Antarctiques, 40, 107147.
  • Beauplet, G., Barbraud, C., Dabin, W., Küssener, C. & Guinet, C. (2006) Age-specific survival and reproductive performances in fur seals: evidence of senescence and individual quality. Oikos, 112, 430441.
  • Bried, J., Jiguet, F. & Jouventin, P. (1999) Why do Aptenodytes penguins have high divorce rates? Auk, 116, 504512.
  • Brownie, C., Hines, J.E., Nichols, J.D., Pollock, K.H. & Hestbeck, J.B. (1993) Capture–recapture studies for multiple strata including non-Markovian transition probabilities. Biometrics, 49, 11731187.
  • Buckland, S.T.K., Burnham, K.P. & Augustin, N.H. (1997) Model selection: an integral part of inference. Biometrics, 53, 603618.
  • Burnham, K.P. & Anderson, D.R. (1998) Model Selection and Inference: a Practical–Theoric Approach. Springer-Verlag, New York.
  • Burnham, K.P. & Anderson, D.R. (2002) Model Selection and Multimodel Inference. Springer-Verlag, New York.
  • Burnham, K.P., Anderson, D.R., White, G.C., Brownie, C. & Pollock, K.H. (1987) Design and Analysis Methods for Fish Survival Experiments Based on Release–Recapture. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.
  • Cam, E., Hines, J.E., Monnat, J.-Y., Nichols, J.D. & Danchin, E. (1998) Are adult nonbreeders prudent parents? The kittiwake model. Ecology, 79, 29172930.
  • Cam, E. & Monnat, J.-Y. (2000) Apparent inferiority of first-time breeders in the kittiwake: the role of heterogeneity among age classes. Journal of Animal Ecology, 69, 380394.
  • Cam, E., Oro, D., Pradel, R. & Jimenez, J. (2004) Assessment of hypotheses about dispersal in a long-lived seabird using multistate capture–recapture models. Journal of Animal Ecology, 73, 723736.
  • Cézilly, F., Viallefont, A., Boy, V. & Johnson, A.R. (1996) Annual variation in survival and breeding probability in greater flamingos. Ecology, 77, 11431150.
  • Charrassin, J.-B. & Bost, C.-A. (2001) Utilization of the oceanic habitat by king penguins over the annual cycle. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 221, 285297.
  • Chastel, O., Weimerskirch, H. & Jouventin, P. (1993) High annual variability in reproductive success and survival of an Antarctic seabird, the snow petrel Pagodroma nivea: a 27-year study. Oecologia, 94, 278285.
  • Chastel, O., Weimerskirch, H. & Jouventin, P. (1995) Influence of body condition on reproductive decision and reproductive success in the Blue Petrel. Auk, 112, 964972.
  • Cherel, Y., Verdon, C. & Ridoux, V. (1993) Seasonal importance of oceanic myctophids in king penguin diet at Crozet Island. Polar Biology, 13, 355357.
  • Choquet, R., Reboulet, A.-M., Lebreton, J.-D., Gimenez, O. & Pradel, R. (2005) U-Care 2.2 (Utilities–Capture–Recapture) User's Manual. Available at: http://www.cefe.cnrs.fr/BIOM/PDF/Choquet-USER%20MANUAL%20U-CARE%202.2.pdf/
  • Choquet, R., Reboulet, A.-M., Pradel, R., Gimenez, O. & Lebreton, J.-D. (2004) m–surge: New software specifically designed for multistate capture–recapture models. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 27, 207215.
  • Coulson, J.C. (1984) The population dynamics of the eider duck Somateria mollissima and evidence of extensive non-breeding by adult ducks. Ibis, 126, 525543.
  • Coulson, J.C. & Porter, J.M. (1985) Reproductive success of the kittiwake Rissa tridactyla: the roles of clutch size, chick growth rates, and parent quality. Ibis, 127, 450466.
  • Coulson, J.C. & Thomas, C. (1985) Differences in the breeding performance of individual kittiwake gulls Rissa tridactyla. Behavioural Ecology: Ecological Consequences of Adaptive Behaviour (eds R.M.Sibly & R.H.Smith), pp. 489503. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.
  • Croxall, J.P. & Rothery, P. (1991) Population regulation of seabirds: implications of their demography for conservation. Bird Population Studies, Relevance to Conservation and Management (eds C.M.Perrins, J.D.Lebreton & G.J.M.Hirons), pp. 272296. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Culik, B.M. & Wilson, R.P. (1991) Penguins crowded out? Nature, 351, 340.
  • Curio, E. (1983) Why do young birds reproduce less well? Ibis, 125, 400404.
  • Descamps, S., Gauthier-Clerc, M., Gendner, J.-P. & Le Maho, Y. (2002) The annual breeding cycle of unbanded king penguins Aptenodytes patagonicus on Possession Island (Crozet). Avian Science, 2, 8798.
  • Drent, R.H. & Daan, S. (1980) The prudent parent: energetic adjustments in avian breeding. Ardea, 68, 225252.
  • Erikstad, K.E., Fauchald, P., Tveraa, T. & Steen, H. (1998) On the cost of reproduction in long-lived birds – the influence of environmental variability. Ecology, 79, 17811788.
  • Forslund, P. & Pärt, T. (1995) Age and reproduction in birds – hypotheses and tests. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 10, 374378.
  • Froget, G., Gauthier-Clerc, M., Le Maho, Y. & Handrich, Y. (1998) Is penguin banding harmless? Polar Biology, 20, 409413.
  • Gauthier-Clerc, M., Gendner, J.-P., Ribic, C.A., Fraser, W.R., Woehler, E.J., Descamps, S., Gilly, C., Le Bohec, C. & Le Maho, Y. (2004) Long-term effects of flipper-bands on penguins. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 271, S423S426.
  • Gauthier-Clerc, M., Le Maho, Y., Gendner, J.-P., Durant, J. & Handrich, Y. (2001) State-dependent decisions in long term fasting King Penguins Aptenodytes patagonicus during reproduction. Animal Behaviour, 62, 661669.
  • Gendner, J.P., Gauthier-Clerc, M., Le Bohec, C., Descamps, S. & Le Maho, Y. (2005) A new application for transponders in studying of penguins. Journal of Field Ornithology, 76, 138142.
  • Golet, G.H., Schmutz, J.A., Irons, D.B. & Estes, J.A. (2004) Determinants of reproductive costs in the long-lived black-legged kittiwake: a multiyear experiment. Ecological Monographs, 24, 353372.
  • Goodman, D. (1974) Natural selection and a cost ceiling on reproductive effort. American Naturalist, 108, 247267.
  • Gustafsson, L., Nordling, D., Andersson, M.S., Sheldon, B.C. & Qvarnström, A. (1994) Infectious diseases, reproductive effort and the cost of reproduction in birds. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 346, 323331.
  • Harris, M.P. & Wanless, S. (1995) Survival and non-breeding of adult common guillemots Uria aalge. Ibis, 137, 192197.
  • Van Heezik, Y.M., Seddon, P.J., Cooper, J. & Plös, A.L. (1994) Interrelationships between breeding frequency, timing and outcome in the King Penguin Aptenodytes patagonicus: are King Penguins biennal breeders? Ibis, 136, 279284.
  • Hémery, G.E., D’Elbée, E. & Terrasse, J.-F. (1986) Régulation d’une population de pétrels-tempête Hydrobates pelagicus par reproduction intermittente.Comptes-Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences – Paris, 303, 353356.
  • Hindell, M.A. (1988) The diet of the King Penguin Aptenodytes patagonicus at Macquarie Island. Ibis, 130, 193203.
  • Jackson, S. & Wilson, R.P. (2002) The potential costs of flipper-bands to penguins. Functional Ecology, 16, 141148.
  • Jiguet, F. & Jouventin, P. (1999) Individual breeding decisions and long-term reproductive strategy in the King Penguin Aptenodytes patagonicus. Ibis, 141, 428433.
  • Jouventin, P. & Dobson, F.S. (2002) Why breed every other year? The case of albatrosses. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 269, 19551961.
  • Jouventin, P. & Lagarde, F. (1995) Evolutionary ecology of the king penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus): the self regulation of the breeding cycle. The Penguins: Ecology and Management (eds P.Dann, I.Norman & P.Reilly), pp. 8095. Surrey Beatty and Sons, Chipping Norton, Australia.
  • Lebreton, J.-D., Burnham, K.P., Clobert, J. & Anderson, D.R. (1992) Modeling survival and testing biological hypotheses using marked animals: a unified approach with case studies. Ecological Monographs, 62, 67118.
  • Mangel, M. & Clark, C. (1988) Dynamic Modeling in Behavioral Ecology. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
  • McNamara, J.M. & Houston, A.I. (1996) State-dependent life histories. Nature, 380, 215221.
  • Michard, D., Ancel, A., Gendner, J.-P., Lage, J., Le Maho, Y., Zorn, T., Gangloff, L., Schierer, A., Struyf, K. & Wey, G. (1995) Non-invasive bird tagging. Nature, 376, 649.
  • Mills, J.A. (1989) Red-billed gull. Lifetime Reproduction in Birds (ed. I.Newton), pp. 387404. Academic Press, London.
  • Monaghan, P., Uttley, J.D., Burns, M.D., Thaine, C. & Blackwood, J. (1989) The relationship between food supply, reproductive effort and breeding success in Arctic terns Sterna paradisaea. Journal of Animal Ecology, 58, 261274.
  • Mougin, J.-L., Jouanin, C. & Roux, F. (1997) Intermittent breeding in Cory's shearwater Calonectris diomedea of Selvagen Grande, North Atlantic. Ibis, 139, 4044.
  • Nichols, J.D., Hines, J.E., Pollock, K.H., Hinz, R.L. & Link, W.A. (1994) Estimating breeding proportions and testing hypotheses about costs of reproduction with capture–recapture data. Ecology, 75, 20522065.
  • Nichols, J.D. & Kendall, W.L. (1995) The use of multistate capture–recapture models to address questions in evolutionary ecology. Journal of Applied Statistics, 22, 835846.
  • Van Noordwijk, A.J. & De Jong, G. (1986) Acquisition and allocation of resources: their influence on variation in life-history tactics. American Naturalist, 128, 137142.
  • Nur, N. (1984) The consequences of brood size for breeding blue tits. I. Adult survival, weight change and the cost of reproduction. Journal of Animal Ecology, 53, 479496.
  • Nur, N. (1988) The consequences of brood size for breeding blue tits. III. Measuring the cost of reproduction: survival, future fecundity, and differential dispersal. Evolution, 42, 351362.
  • Olsson, O. (1996) Seasonal effects of timing and reproduction in the King Penguin: a unique breeding cycle. Journal of Avian Biology, 27, 714.
  • Olsson, O. (1997) Clutch abandonment: a state-dependent decision in king penguins. Journal of Avian Biology, 28, 264267.
  • Olsson, O. (1998) Divorce in king penguins: asynchrony, expensive fat storing and ideal free mate choice. Oikos, 83, 574581.
  • Olsson, O. & Van Der Jeugd, H.P. (2002) Survival in king penguins Aptenodytes patagonicus: temporal and sex-specific effects of environmental variability. Oecologia, 132, 509516.
  • Orell, M., Koivula, K., Rytkönen, S. & Lahti, K. (1994) To breed or not to breed: causes and implications of non-breeding habit in the willow tit Parus montanus. Oecologia, 77, 339346.
  • Oro, D. & Pradel, R. (2000) Determinants of local recruitment in a growing colony of Audouin's gull. Journal of Animal Ecology, 69, 119132.
  • Pollock, K.H., Nichols, J.D., Brownie, C. & Hines, J.E. (1990) Statistical inference for capture–recapture experiments. Wildlife Monographs, 107, 197.
  • Pough, F.H. (1980) The advantages of ectothermy for tetropods. American Naturalist, 115, 92112.
  • Pradel, R., Wintrebert, C.M.A. & Gimenez, O. (2003) A proposal for a goodness-of-fit test to the Arnason–Schwarz multisite capture–recapture model. Biometrics, 59, 4353.
  • Promislow, D.E.L. Montgomerie, R. & Martin, T.E. (1992) Mortality costs of sexual dimorphism in birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 250, 143150.
  • Pugesek, B.H. (1990) Parental effort in the California gull: tests of parent–offspring conflict theory. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 27, 211215.
  • Pugesek, B.H. & Wood, P. (1992) Alternative reproductive strategies in the California Gull. Evolutionary Ecology, 6, 279295.
  • Regel, J. & Pütz, K. (1997) Effect of human disturbance on body temperature and energy expenditure in penguins. Polar Biology, 18, 246253.
  • Reznick, D. (1985) Costs of reproduction: an evaluation of the empirical evidence. Oikos, 44, 257267.
  • Reznick, D. (1992) Measuring the costs of reproduction. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 7, 4245.
  • Richdales, L.E. (1957) A Population Study of Penguins. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Robin, J.-P., Fayolle, C., Decrock, F., Thil, M.-A., Côté, S.D., Bernard, S. & Groscolas, R. (2001) Restoration of body mass in King Penguins after egg abandonment at a critical energy depletion stage: early vs late breeders. Journal of Avian Biology, 32, 303310.
  • Roff, D.A. (1992) The Evolution of Life Histories. Chapman & Hall, New York.
  • Sæther, B.-E., Andersen, R. & Pedersen, H.C. (1993) Regulation of parental effort in a long-lived seabird: an experimental manipulation of the cost of reproduction in the Antarctic Petrel, Thalassoica antarctica. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 33, 147150.
  • Schaffer, W.M. (1974) Selection for optimal life histories: the effects of age structure. Ecology, 55, 291303.
  • Schwarz, C.J., Schweigert, J.F. & Arnason, A.N. (1993) Estimating migration rates using tag-recovery data. Biometrics, 49, 177193.
  • Stearns, S.C. (1989) Trade-offs in life-history evolution. Functional Ecology, 3, 259268.
  • Stearns, S.C. (1992) The Evolution of Life Histories. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Stonehouse, B. (1960) The King Penguin, Aptenodytes patagonicus, of South Georgia. I. Breeding behaviour and development. Falkland Island Department Survey Scientific Report, 23, 181.
  • Tavecchia, G., Coulson, T., Morgan, B.J.T., Pemberton, J.M., Pilkington, J.C., Gulland, F.M.D. & Clutton-Brock, T.H. (2005) Predictors of reproductive cost in female Soay sheep. Journal of Animal Ecology, 74, 201213.
  • Tavecchia, G., Pradel, R., Boy, V., Johnson, A.R. & Cézilly, F. (2001) Sex- and age-related variation in survival and cost of first reproduction in Greater Flamingos. Ecology, 82, 165174.
  • Vaupel, J.W. & Yashin, A.I. (1985) Heterogeneity's ruses: some surprising effects of selection on population dynamics. American Statistician, 39, 176185.
  • Weimerskirch, H., Jouventin, P. & Stahl, J.C. (1986) Comparative ecology of the six albatross species breeding on the Crozet Islands. Ibis, 128, 195213.
  • Weimerskirch, H., Stahl, J.C. & Jouventin, P. (1992) The breeding biology and population dynamics of King Penguin Aptenodytes patagonicus on the Crozet Islands. Ibis, 134, 107117.
  • Williams, G.C. (1966) Natural selection, the costs of reproduction, and a refinement of Lack's principle. American Naturalist, 100, 687690.
  • Wooller, R.D., Bradley, J.S. & Croxall, J.P. (1992) Long-term Population studies of seabirds. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 7, 111114.
  • Wooller, R.D., Bradley, J.S., Skira, I.J. & Serventy, D.L. (1989) Reproductive success of short-tailed shearwaters Puffinus tenuirostris in relation to their age and breeding experience. Journal of Animal Ecology, 59, 161170.