SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ahlén, I. (1965) Studies on the red deer, Cervus elaphus L., in Scandinavia. Swedish Wildlife Research, 3, 177376.
  • Albon, S.D., Mitchell, B. & Staines, B.W. (1983) Fertility and body weight in female red deer: a density-dependent relationship. Journal of Animal Ecology, 52, 969980.
  • Allendorf, F.W., England, P.R., Luikart, G., Ritchie, P.A. & Ryman, N. (2008) Genetic effects of harvest on wild animal populations. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 23, 327337.
  • Bischof, R., Mysterud, A. & Swenson, J.E. (2008) Should hunting mortality mimic the patterns of natural mortality? Biology Letters, 4, 307310.
  • Carroll, S.P., Hendry, A.P., Reznick, D.N. & Fox, C. W. (2007) Evolution on ecological time-scales. Functional Ecology, 21, 387393.
  • Coltman, D.W., O'Donoghue, P., Jorgenson, J.T., Hogg, J.T., Strobeck, C. & Festa-Bianchet, M. (2003) Undesirable evolutionary consequences of trophy harvesting. Nature, 426, 655658.
  • Costello, C., Gaines, S.D. & Lynham, J. (2008) Can catch shares prevent fisheries collapse? Science, 321, 16781681.
  • Ericsson, G. & Wallin, K. (2001) Age-specific moose (Alces alces) mortality in a predator-free environment: evidence for senescence in females. Ecoscience, 8, 157163.
  • Fenberg, P.B. & Roy, K. (2008) Ecological and evolutionary consequences of size-selective harvesting: how much do we know? Molecular Ecology, 17, 209220.
  • Gaillard, J.-M. & Yoccoz, N.G. (2003) Temporal variation in survival of mammals: a case of environmental canalization? Ecology, 84, 32943306.
  • Gaillard, J.-M., Festa-Bianchet, M. & Yoccoz, N.G. (1998) Population dynamics of large herbivores: variable recruitment with constant adult survival. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 13, 5863.
  • Gaillard, J.-M., Festa-Bianchet, M., Yoccoz, N.G., Loison, A. & Toigo, C. (2000) Temporal variation in fitness components and population dynamics of large herbivores. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 31, 367393.
  • Gaillard, J.-M., Yoccoz, N.G., Lebreton, J.-D., Bonenfant, C., Devillard, S., Loison, A., Pontier, D. & Allainé, D. (2005) Generation time: a reliable metric to measure life-history variation among mammalian populations. American Naturalist, 166, 119123.
  • Garel, M., Cugnasse, J.-M., Maillard, D., Gaillard, J.-M., Hewison, A.J.M. & Dubray, D. (2007) Selective harvesting and habitat loss produce long-term life history changes in a mouflon population. Ecological Applications, 17, 16071618.
  • Gordon, I.J., Hester, A.J. & Festa-Bianchet, M. (2004) The management of wild large herbivores to meet economic, conservation and environmental objectives. Journal of Applied Ecology, 41, 10211031.
  • Harrell, F.E. (2001) Regression Modelling Strategies with Applications to Linear Models, Logistic Regression, and Survival Analysis. Springer, New York.
  • Harris, R.B., Wall, W.A. & Allendorf, F.W. (2002) Genetic consequences of hunting: what do we know and what should we do? Wildlife Society Bulletin, 30, 634644.
  • Heino, M., Dieckmann, U. & Godø, O.R. (2002) Measuring probabilistic reaction norms for age and size at maturation. Evolution, 56, 669678.
  • Jørgensen, C., Enberg, K., Dunlop, E.S., Arlinghaus, R., Boukal, D.S., Brander, K., Ernande, B., Gårdmark, A., Johnston, F., Matsumura, S., Pardoe, H., Raab, K., Silva, A., Vainikka, A., Dieckmann, U., Heino, M. & Rijnsdorp, A. D. (2007) Managing evolving fish stocks. Science, 318, 12471248.
  • Kuparainen, A. & Merilä, J. (2007) Detecting and managing fisheries-induced evolution. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 22, 652659.
  • Langvatn, R. (1992) Analysis of ovaries in studies of reproduction in red deer (Cervus elaphus L.): Application and limitations. Rangifer, 12, 6791.
  • Langvatn, R. & Loison, A. (1999) Consequences of harvesting on age structure, sex ratio and population dynamics of red deer Cervus elaphus in central Norway. Wildlife Biology, 5, 213223.
  • Langvatn, R., Mysterud, A., Stenseth, N.C. & Yoccoz, N.G. (2004) Timing and synchrony of ovulation in red deer constrained by short northern summers. American Naturalist, 163, 763772.
  • Le Cessie, S. & Van Houwelingen, J.C. (1991) A goodness-of-fit test for binary regression models, based on smoothing methods. Biometrics, 47, 12671282.
  • Loe, L.E., Meisingset, E.L., Mysterud, A., Langvatn, R. & Stenseth, N.C. (2004) Phenotypic and environmental correlates of tooth eruption in red deer (Cervus elaphus). Journal of Zoology, 262, 8389.
  • Loison, A., Langvatn, R. & Solberg, E.J. (1999) Body mass and winter mortality in red deer calves: disentangling sex and climate effects. Ecography, 22, 2030.
  • Loison, A., Solberg, E.J., Yoccoz, N.G. & Langvatn, R. (2004) Sex differences in the interplay of cohort and mother quality on the body mass of red deer calves. Ecology, 85, 19922002.
  • Marshall, C.T. & Browman, H.I. (2007) Disentangling the causes of maturation trends in exploited fish populations. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 335, 249251.
  • Milner, J.M., Bonenfant, C., Mysterud, A., Gaillard, J.-M., Csányi, S. & Stenseth, N.C. (2006) Temporal and spatial development of red deer harvesting in Europe - biological and cultural factors. Journal of Applied Ecology, 43, 721734.
  • Mysterud, A., Yoccoz, N.G., Stenseth, N.C. & Langvatn, R. (2001) The effects of age, sex and density on body weight of Norwegian red deer: evidence of density-dependent senescence. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 268, 911919.
  • Mysterud, A., Meisingset, E.L., Veiberg, V., Langvatn, R., Solberg, E.J., Loe, L.E. & Stenseth, N.C. (2007) Monitoring population size of red deer: an evaluation of two types of census data from Norway. Wildlife Biology, 13, 285298.
  • Nilsen, E.B. & Solberg, E. J. (2006) Patterns of hunting mortality in Norwegian moose (Alces alces) populations. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 52, 153163.
  • Olsen, E.M., Heino, M., Lilly, G.R., Morgan, M.J., Brattey, J., Ernande, B. & Dieckmann, U. (2004) Maturation trends indicative of rapid evolution preceded the collapse of northern cod. Nature, 428, 932935.
  • Pogson, G.H., Taggart, C.T., Mesa, K.A. & Boutilier, R.G. (2001) Isolation by distance in the atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, at large and small geographic scales. Evolution, 55, 131146.
  • Proaktor, G., Coulson, T. & Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2007) Evolutionary responses to harvesting in ungulates. Journal of Animal Ecology, 76, 669678.
  • R Development Core Team (2007) r: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.
  • Statistics Norway (2007) Official Hunting Statistics of Norway. Statistics Norway, Oslo and Kongsvinger, Norway.