SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Anholt, B.R. & Werner, E.E. (1995) Interaction between food availability and predation mortality mediated by adaptive-behavior. Ecology, 76, 22302234.
  • Anholt, B.R. & Werner, E.E. (1998) Predictable changes in predation mortality as a consequence of changes in food availability and predation risk. Evolutionary Ecology, 12, 729738.
  • Arnold, S.J. & Wade, M.J. (1984a) On the measurement of natural and sexual selection: applications. Evolution, 38, 720734.
  • Arnold, S.J. & Wade, M.J. (1984b) On the measurement of natural and sexual selection: theory. Evolution, 38, 709719.
  • Arnold, K.E., Ramsay, S.L., Donaldson, C. & Adam, A. (2007) Parental prey selection affects risk-taking behaviour and spatial learning in avian offspring. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 274, 25632569.
  • Arnqvist, G. & Henriksson, S. (1997) Sexual cannibalism in the fishing spider and a model for the evolution of sexual cannibalism based on genetic constraints. Evolutionary Ecology, 11, 255273.
  • Bell, A.M. (2005) Behavioural differences between individuals and two populations of stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus). Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 18, 464473.
  • Bell, A.M. (2007) Future directions in behavioural syndromes research. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 274, 755761.
  • Betts, M.M. (1955) Food of titmice in oak woodland. Journal of Animal Ecology, 24, 282323.
  • Biro, P.A. & Stamps, J.A. (2008) Are animal personality traits linked to life-history productivity? Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 23, 361368.
  • Biro, P.A., Abrahams, M.V., Post, J.R. & Parkinson, E.A. (2006) Behavioural trade-offs between growth and mortality explain evolution of submaximal growth rates. Journal of Animal Ecology, 75, 11651171.
  • Biro, P.A., Abrahams, M.V. & Post, J.R. (2007) Direct manipulation of behaviour reveals a mechanism for variation in growth and mortality among prey populations. Animal Behaviour, 73, 891896.
  • Boon, A.K., Reale, D. & Boutin, S. (2007) The interaction between personality, offspring fitness and food abundance in North American red squirrels. Ecology Letters, 10, 10941104.
  • Both, C., Dingemanse, N.J., Drent, P.J. & Tinbergen, J.M. (2005) Pairs of extreme avian personalities have highest reproductive success. Journal of Animal Ecology, 74, 667674.
  • Brydges, N.M., Colegrave, N., Heathcote, R.J.P. & Braithwaite, V.A. (2008a) Habitat stability and predation pressure affect temperament behaviours in populations of three-spined sticklebacks. Journal of Animal Ecology, 77, 229235.
  • Brydges, N.M., Heathcote, R.J.P. & Braithwaite, V.A. (2008b) Habitat stability and predation pressure influence learning and memory in populations of three-spined sticklebacks. Animal Behaviour, 75, 935942.
  • Carere, C. & Van Oers, K. (2004) Shy and bold great tits (Parus major): body temperature and breath rate in response to handling stress. Physiology & Behavior, 82, 905912.
  • Carere, C., Welink, D., Drent, P.J., Koolhaas, J.M. & Groothuis, T.G.G. (2001) Effect of social defeat in a territorial bird (Parus major) selected for different coping styles. Physiology & Behavior, 73, 427433.
  • Charmantier, A. & Réale, D. (2005) How do misassigned paternities affect the estimation of heritability in the wild? Molecular Ecology, 14, 28392850.
  • Charmantier, A., Perrins, C., McCleery, R.H. & Sheldon, B.C. (2006) Evolutionary response to selection on clutch size in a long-term study of the mute swan. American Naturalist, 167, 453465.
  • Charmantier, A., McCleery, R.H., Cole, L.R., Perrins, C., Kruuk, L.E.B. & Sheldon, B.C. (2008) Adaptive phenotypic plasticity in response to climate change in a wild bird population. Science, 320, 800803.
  • Coltman, D.W., Smith, J.A., Bancroft, D.R., Pilkington, J., MacColl, A.D.C., Clutton-Brock, T.H. & Pemberton, J.M. (1999) Density-dependent variation in lifetime breeding success and natural and sexual selection in Soay rams. American Naturalist, 154, 730746.
  • Coltman, D.W., Pilkington, J., Kruuk, L.E.B., Wilson, K. & Pemberton, J.M. (2001) Positive genetic correlation between parasite resistance and body size in free-living ungulate population. Evolution, 55, 21162125.
  • Daisley, J.N., Bromundt, V., Mostl, E. & Kotrschal, K. (2005) Enhanced yolk testosterone influences behavioral phenotype independent of sex in Japanese quail chicks Coturnix japonica. Hormones and Behavior, 47, 185194.
  • Dall, S.R.X., Houston, A.I. & McNamara, J.M. (2004) The behavioural ecology of personality: consistent individual differences from an adaptive perspective. Ecology Letters, 7, 734739.
  • Dingemanse, N.J. & De Goede, P. (2004) The relation between dominance and exploratory behavior is context-dependent in wild great tits. Behavioral Ecology, 15, 10231030.
  • Dingemanse, N.J. & Réale, D. (2005) Natural selection and animal personality. Behaviour, 142, 11591184.
  • Dingemanse, N.J., Both, C., Drent, P.J., Van Oers, K. & Van Noordwijk, A.J. (2002) Repeatability and heritability of exploratory behaviour in great tits from the wild. Animal Behaviour, 64, 929938.
  • Dingemanse, N.J., Both, C., Van Noordwijk, A.J., Rutten, A.L. & Drent, P.J. (2003) Natal dispersal and personalities in great tits (Parus major). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 270, 741747.
  • Dingemanse, N.J., Both, C., Drent, P.J. & Tinbergen, J.M. (2004) Fitness consequences of avian personalities in a fluctuating environment. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 271, 847852.
  • Dingemanse, N.J., Wright, J., Kazem, A.J.N., Thomas, D.K., Hickling, R. & Dawnay, N. (2007) Behavioural syndromes differ predictably between 12 populations of three-spined stickleback. Journal of Animal Ecology, 76, 11281138.
  • Drent, P.J., Van Oers, K. & Van Noordwijk, A.J. (2003) Realized heritability of personalities in the great tit (Parus major). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 270, 4551.
  • Duckworth, R.A. (2006) Behavioral correlations across breeding contexts provide a mechanism for a cost of aggression. Behavioral Ecology, 17, 10111019.
  • Duckworth, R.A. (2008) Adaptive dispersal strategies and the dynamics of a range expansion. American Naturalist, 172, S4S17.
  • Duckworth, R.A. & Badyaev, A.V. (2007) Coupling of dispersal and aggression facilitates the rapid range expansion of a passerine bird. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104, 1501715022.
  • Eising, C.M. & Groothuis, T.G.G. (2003) Yolk androgens and begging behaviour in black-headed gull chicks: an experimental field study. Animal Behaviour, 66, 10271034.
  • Endler, J.A. (1986) Natural Selection in the Wild, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
  • Futuyma, D.J. (1998) Evolutionary Biology, 3rd edn. Sinauer, Sunderland, MA.
  • Garant, D., Kruuk, L.E.B., McCleery, R.H. & Sheldon, B.C. (2004) Evolution in a changing environment: a case study with great tit fledging mass. American Naturalist, 164, E115E129.
  • Giles, N. & Huntingford, F.A. (1984) Predation risk and inter-population variation in antipredator behavior in the 3-spined stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus L. Animal Behaviour, 32, 264275.
  • Gilmour, A.R., Gogel, B.J., Cullis, B.R., Welham, S.J. & Thompson, R. (2002) ASReml User Guide Release 1.0. VSN International Ltd, Hemel Hempstead, UK.
  • Gosling, S.D. (2001) From mice to men: what can we learn about personality from animal research? Psychological Bulletin, 127, 4586.
  • Gosling, S.D. & John, O.P. (1999) Personality dimensions in nonhuman animals: a cross-species review. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 8, 6975.
    Direct Link:
  • Greenwood, P.J., Harvey, P.H. & Perrins, C.M. (1978) Inbreeding and dispersal in the great tit. Nature, 271, 5254.
  • Groothuis, T.G.G. & Carere, C. (2005a) Avian personalities: characterization and epigenesis. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 29, 137150.
  • Groothuis, T.G.G., Muller, W., Von Engelhardt, N., Carere, C. & Eising, C. (2005b) Maternal hormones as a tool to adjust offspring phenotype in avian species. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 29, 329352.
  • Hadfield, J.D., Nutall, A., Osorio, D. & Owens, I.P.F. (2007) Testing the phenotypic gambit: phenotypic, genetic and environmental correlations of colour. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 20, 549557.
  • Hill, W.G., Goddard, M.E. & Visscher, P.M. (2008) Data and theory point to mainly additive genetic variance for complex traits. Plos Genetics, 4, e/000008.
  • Hojesjo, J., Johnsson, J. & Bohlin, T. (2004) Habitat complexity reduces the growth of aggressive and dominant brown trout (Salmo trutta) relative to subordinates. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 56, 286289.
  • Huber, H., Kane, N.C., Heschel, M.S., Von Wettberg, E.J., Banta, J., Leuck, A.M. & Schmitt, J. (2004) Frequency and microenvironmental pattern of selection on plastic shade-avoidance traits in a natural population of Impatiens capensis. American Naturalist, 163, 548563.
  • Jormalainen, V. & Honkanen, T. (2004) Variation in natural selection for growth and phlorotannins in the brown alga Fucus vesiculosus. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 17, 807820.
  • Knott, S.A., Sibly, R.M., Smith, R.H. & Moller, H. (1995) Maximum-likelihood-estimation of genetic-parameters in life- history studies using the animal-model. Functional Ecology, 9, 122126.
  • Kruuk, L.E.B. (2004) Estimating genetic parameters in wild populations using the ‘animal model’. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 359, 873890.
  • Kruuk, L.E.B., Slate, J., Pemberton, J.M., Brotherstone, S., Guinness, F. & Clutton-Brock, T. (2002) Antler size in red deer: heritability and selection but no evolution. Evolution, 56, 16831695.
  • Kruuk, L.E.B., Merila, J. & Sheldon, B.C. (2003) When environmental variation short-circuits natural selection. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 18, 207209.
  • Lynch, M. & Walsh, B. (1998) Genetics and Analysis of Quantitative Traits. Sinauer, Sunderland, MA.
  • Marchetti, C. & Drent, P.J. (2000) Individual differences in the use of social information in foraging by captive great tits. Animal Behaviour, 60, 131140.
  • Martin, J.G.A. & Reale, D. (2008) Temperament, risk assessment and habituation to novelty in eastern chipmunks, Tamias striatus. Animal Behaviour, 75, 309318.
  • Mazer, S.J. & Damuth, J. (2001) Nature and causes of variation. Evolutionary Ecology – Concepts and Case Studies (eds C.W.Fox, D.A.Roff & D.J.Fairbairn), pp. 315, Oxford University Press, New York.
  • McAdam, A.G., Boutin, S., Réale, D. & Berteaux, D. (2002) Maternal effects and the potential for evolution in a natural population of animals. Evolution, 56, 846851.
  • McCleery, R.H., Pettifor, R.A., Armbruster, P., Meyer, K., Sheldon, B.C. & Perrins, C.M. (2004) Components of variance underlying fitness in a natural population of the Great Tit. American Naturalist, 164, E62E72.
  • McDonald, D.B., Fitzpatrick, J.W. & Woolfenden, G.E. (1996) Actuarial senescence and demographic heterogeneity in the Florida Scrub Jay. Ecology, 77, 23732381.
  • McElreath, R. & Strimling, P. (2006) How noisy information and individual asymmetries can make ‘personality’ an adaptation: a simple model. Animal Behaviour, 72, 11351139.
  • Merilä, J. & Sheldon, B.C. (2001) Avian quantitative genetics. Current Ornithology, 16, 179255.
  • Milner, J.M., Pemberton, J.M., Brotherstone, S. & Albon, S.D. (2000) Estimating variance components and heritabilities in the wild: a case study using the ‘animal model’ approach. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 13, 804813.
  • Morrissey, M.B., Wilson, A.J., Pemberton, J.M. & Ferguson, M.M. (2007) A framework for power and sensitivity analyses for quantitative genetic studies of natural populations, and case studies in Soay sheep (Ovis aries). Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 20, 23092321.
  • Newton, I. (1998) Population Limitation in Birds. Academic Press, London.
  • Van Noordwijk, A.J., McCleery, R.H. & Perrins, C.M. (1995) Selection for the timing of great tit (Parus major) breeding in relation to caterpillar growth and temperature. Journal of Animal Ecology, 64, 451458.
  • Van Oers, K., De Jong, G., Drent, P.J. & Van Noordwijk, A.J. (2004a) A genetic analysis of avian personality traits: correlated, response to artificial selection. Behavior Genetics, 34, 611619.
  • Van Oers, K., Drent, P.J., De Goede, P. & Van Noordwijk, A.J. (2004b) Realized heritability and repeatability of risk-taking behaviour in relation to avian personalities. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 271, 6573.
  • Van Oers, K., Drent, P.J., De Jong, G. & Van Noordwijk, A.J. (2004c) Additive and nonadditive genetic variation in avian personality traits. Heredity, 93, 496503.
  • Van Oers, K., De Jong, G., Van Noordwijk, A.J., Kempenaers, B. & Drent, P.J. (2005) Contribution of genetics to the study of animal personalities: a review of case studies. Behaviour, 142, 11851206.
  • Patrick, S.C. (2008) Individual Personality and Sexual Selection in Great Tits. University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
  • Pemberton, J.M., Smith, J.A., Coulson, T.N., Marshall, T.C., Slate, J., Paterson, S., Albon, S.D. & Clutton-Brock, T.H. (1996) The maintenance of genetic polymorphism in small island populations: Large mammals in the Hebrides. Philosophical Transaction of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences, 351, 745752.
  • Quinn, J.L., Charmantier, A., Garant, D. & Sheldon, B.C. (2006) Data depth, data completeness, and their influence on quantitative genetic estimation in two contrasting bird populations. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 19, 9941002.
  • Réale, D. & Festa-Bianchet, M. (2003) Predator-induced natural selection on temperament in bighorn ewes. Animal Behaviour, 65, 463470.
  • Reale, D., Festa-Bianchet, M. & Jorgenson, J.T. (1999) Heritability of body mass varies with age and season in wild bighorn sheep. Heredity, 83, 526532.
  • Reale, D., Reader, S.M., Sol, D., McDougall, P.T. & Dingemanse, N.J. (2007) Integrating animal temperament within ecology and evolution. Biological Reviews, 82, 291318.
  • Roff, D.A. (1997) Evolutionary Quantitative Genetics. Chapman and Hall, New York.
  • Sambandan, D., Yamamoto, A., Fanara, J.J., Mackay, T.F.C. & Anholt, R.R.H. (2006) Dynamic genetic interactions determine odor-guided behavior in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics, 174, 13491363.
  • Schluter, D. (1988) Estimating the form of natural selection on a quantitative trait. Evolution, 42, 849861.
  • Sih, A., Kats, L.B. & Maurer, E.F. (2003) Behavioural correlations across situations and the evolution of antipredator behaviour in a sunfish-salamander system. Animal Behaviour, 65, 2944.
  • Sih, A., Bell, A. & Johnson, J.C. (2004a) Behavioral syndromes: an ecological and evolutionary overview. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 19, 372378.
  • Sih, A., Bell, A.M., Johnson, J.C. & Ziemba, R.E. (2004b) Behavioral syndromes: an integrative overview. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 79, 241277.
  • Slater, F.R., Bruce, K.D., Ellis, R.J., Lilley, A.K. & Turner, S.L. (2008) Heterogeneous selection in a spatially structured environment affects fitness tradeoffs of plasmid carriage in pseudomonads. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 74, 31893197.
  • Smith, B.R. & Blumstein, D.T. (2008) Fitness consequences of personality: a meta-analysis. Behavioral Ecology, 19, 448455.
  • Stratton, D.A. & Bennington, C.C. (1996) Measuring spatial variation in natural selection using randomly-sown seeds of Arabidopsis thaliana. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 9, 215228.
  • Stratton, D.A. & Bennington, C.C. (1998) Fine-grained spatial and temporal variation in selection does not maintain genetic variation in Erigeron annuus. Evolution, 52, 678691.
  • Summerville, K.S., Crist, T.O., Kahn, J.K. & Gering, J.C. (2003) Community structure of arboreal caterpillars within and among four tree species of the eastern deciduous forest. Ecological Entomology, 28, 747757.
  • Tufto, J. (2000) The evolution of plasticity and nonplastic spatial and temporal adaptations in the presence of imperfect environmental cues. American Naturalist, 156, 121130.
  • Van Oers, K., Drent, P.J., Dingemanse, N.J. & Kempenaers, B. (2008) Personality is associated with extrapair paternity in great tits, Parus major. Animal Behaviour, 76, 555563.
  • Verbeek, M.E.M., Drent, P.J. & Wiepkema, P.R. (1994) Consistent individual-differences in early exploratory-behavior of male great tits. Animal Behaviour, 48, 11131121.
  • Verbeek, M.E., Boone, A. & Drent, P.J. (1996) Exploration, agonisitc behaviour and dominance in juvenile great tits. Behaviour, 133, 945963.
  • VSN International (2005) Genstat, Oxford, UK.
  • Weigensberg, I. & Roff, D.A. (1996) Natural heritabilities: can they be reliably estimated in the laboratory? Evolution, 50, 21492157.
  • Werner, E.E. & Anholt, B.R. (1993) Ecological Consequences of the Trade-Off between Growth and Mortality-Rates Mediated by Foraging Activity. American Naturalist, 142, 242272.
  • Wilkin, T.A., Garant, D., Gosler, A.G. & Sheldon, B.C. (2006) Density effects on life-history traits in a wild population of the great tit Parus major: analyses of long-term data with GIS techniques. Journal of Animal Ecology, 75, 604615.
  • Wilkin, T.A., Garant, D., Gosler, A.G. & Sheldon, B.C. (2007a) Edge effects in the great tit: analyses of long-term data with GIS techniques. Conservation Biology, 21, 12071217.
  • Wilkin, T.A., Perrins, C.M. & Sheldon, B.C. (2007b) The use of GIS in estimating spatial variation in habitat quality: a case study of lay-date in the Great Tit Parus major. Ibis, 149, 110118.
  • Wilkin, T.A., King, L.E. & Sheldon, B.C. (2009) Habitat quality, nestling diet, and provisioning behaviour in great tits Parus major. Journal of Avian Biology, 40, 135145.
  • Wilson, D.S. (1998) Adaptive individual differences within single populations. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 353, 199205.
  • Wilson, A.J. (2008) Why h(2) does not always equal V-A/V-P? Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 21, 647650.
  • Wilson, A.J., Pemberton, J.M., Pilkington, J.G., Coltman, D.W., Mifsud, D.V., Clutton-Brock, T.H. & Kruuk, L.E.B. (2006) Environmental coupling of selection and heritability limits evolution. Plos Biology, 4, 12701275.
  • Wolf, M., Van Doorn, G.S., Leimar, O. & Weissing, F.J. (2007) Life-history trade-offs favour the evolution of animal personalities. Nature, 447, 581584.