SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Alberti, M. (2005) The effects of urban patterns on ecosystem function. International Regional Science Review, 28, 168192.
  • Araújo, M.B. (2003) The coincidence of people and biodiversity in Europe. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 12, 512.
  • Bastin, L. & Thomas, C.D. (1999) The distribution of plant species in urban vegetation fragments. Landscape Ecology, 14, 493507.
  • Bino, G., Levin, N., Darawshi, S., Van der Hal, N., Reich-Solomon, A. & Kark, S. (2008) Accurate prediction of bird species richness patterns in an urban environment using Landsat-derived NDVI and spectral unmixing. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 29, 36753700.
  • Blair, R.B. (1996) Land use and avian species diversity along an urban gradient. Ecological Applications, 6, 506519.
  • Blair, R.B. & Johnson, E.M. (2008) Suburban habitats and their role for birds in the urban-rural habitat network: points of local invasion and extinction? Landscape Ecology, 23, 11571169.
  • Bonier, F., Martin, P.R. & Wingfield, J.C. (2007) Urban birds have broader environmental tolerance. Biology Letters, 3, 670673.
  • Caldecott, J.O., Jenkins, M.D., Johnson, T.H. & Groombridge, B. (1996) Priorities for conserving global species richness. Biodiversity and Conservation, 5, 699727.
  • Cam, E., Nichols, J.D., Sauer, J.R., Hines, J.E. & Flather, C.H. (2000) Relative species richness and community completeness: birds and urbanization in the Mid-Atlantic states. Ecological Applications, 10, 11961210.
  • Carnicer, J. & Diaz-Delgado, R. (2008) Geographic differences between functional groups in patterns of bird species richness in North America. Acta Oecologica, 33, 253264.
  • Chace, J.F. & Walsh, J.J. (2006) Urban effects on native avifauna: a review. Landscape and Urban Planning, 74, 4669.
  • Chamberlain, D.E., Gough, S., Vaughan, H., Vickery, J.A. & Appleton, G.F. (2007) Determinants of bird species richness in public green spaces. Bird Study, 54, 8797.
  • Clergeau, P., Savard, J.P.L., Mennechez, G. & Falardeau, G. (1998) Bird abundance and diversity along an urban-rural gradient: a comparative study between two cities on different continents. Condor, 100, 413425.
  • Cohen, B. (2004) Urban growth in developing countries: a review of current trends and a caution regarding existing forecasts. World Development, 32, 2351.
  • Cowling, R.M., Rundel, P.W., Lamont, B.B., Arroyo, M.K. & Arianoutsou, M. (1996) Plant diversity in Mediterranean-climate regions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 11, 362366.
  • Croci, S., Butet, A., Georges, A., Aguejdad, R. & Clergeau, P. (2008) Small urban woodlands as biodiversity conservation hot-spot: a multi-taxon approach. Landscape Ecology, 23, 11711186.
  • Day, A.T. & Day, L.H. (1973) Cross-national comparison of population density. Science, 181, 10161023.
  • DeGraaf, R.M. & Wentworth, J.M. (1986) Avian guild structure and habitat associations in suburban bird communities. Urban Ecology, 9, 399412.
  • Dinetti, M. (2005) Quantitative methods in urban ornithological atlases. Ecologia Urbana, 17, 3133.
  • Dinetti, M. & Ascani, P. (1990) Atlante degli uccelli nidificanti nel Comune di Firenze. Comune di Firenze, Firenze, Italy.
  • Dinetti, M. & Romano, S. (2002) Atlante degli uccelli nidificanti nel Comune di Firenze. Comune di Firenze, Firenze, Italy.
  • Dinetti, M., Cignini, B., Fraissinet, M. & Zapparoli, M. (1995) Gruppo di lavoro “Atlanti ornitologici urbani italiani”: standard per le ricerche sull’avifauna di ambienti urbanizzati. Rivista Italiana di Ornitologia, 64, 141149.
  • Dormann, C.F. (2007) Effects of incorporating spatial autocorrelation into the analysis of species distribution data. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 16, 129138.
  • Erz, W. (1964) Populationsökologische Untersuchungen an der Avifauna zweier Nordwestdeutscher Großstädte. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftlicher Zoologie, 170, 1111.
  • Falcucci, A., Maiorano, L. & Boitani, L. (2007) Changes in land-use/land-cover patterns in Italy and their implications for biodiversity conservation. Landscape Ecology, 22, 617631.
  • Fernandez-Juricic, E. (2000) Avifaunal use of wooded streets in an urban landscape. Conservation Biology, 14, 513521.
  • Fernandez-Juricic, E. & Jokimäki, J. (2001) A habitat island approach to conserving birds in urban landscapes: case studies from southern and northern Europe. Biodiversity and Conservation, 10, 20232043.
  • Godefroid, S. & Koedam, N. (2007) Urban plant species patterns are highly driven by density and function of built-up areas. Landscape Ecology, 22, 12271239.
  • Gotelli, N.J. & Ellison, A.M. (2002) Biogeography at a regional scale: determinants of ant species density in New England bogs and forests. Ecology, 83, 16041609.
  • Guthrie, D.A. (1974) Suburban bird populations in Southern California. American Midland Naturalist, 92, 461466.
  • Hawkins, B.A., Diniz-Filho, J.A.F., Bini, L.M., De Marco, P. & Blackburn, T.M. (2007) Red herrings revisited: spatial autocorrelation and parameter estimation in geographical ecology. Ecography, 30, 375384.
  • Hedblom, M. & Soderstrom, B. (2008) Woodlands across Swedish urban gradients: status, structure and management implications. Landscape and Urban Planning, 84, 6273.
  • Van Heezik, Y., Smyth, A. & Mathieu, R. (2008) Diversity of native and exotic birds across an urban gradient in a New Zealand city. Landscape and Urban Planning, 87, 223232.
  • Hepinstall, J.A., Alberti, M. & Marzluff, J.M. (2008) Predicting land cover change and avian community responses in rapidly urbanizing environments. Landscape Ecology, 23, 12571276.
  • Hohtola, E. (1978) Differential changes in bird community structure with urbanisation: a study in Central Finland. Ornis Scandinavica, 9, 94100.
  • Hurlbert, A.H. (2004) Species-energy relationship and habitat complexity in bird communities. Ecology Letters, 7, 714720.
  • Koh, C.N., Lee, P.F. & Lin, R.S. (2006) Bird species richness patterns of northern Taiwan: primary productivity, human population density, and habitat heterogeneity. Diversity and Distributions, 12, 546554.
  • Lancaster, R.K. & Rees, W.E. (1979) Bird communities and the structure of urban habitats. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 57, 23582368.
  • MacGregor-Fors, I. (2008) Relation between habitat attributes and bird richness in a western Mexico suburb. Landscape and Urban Planning, 84, 9298.
  • Malcolm, J.R., Liu, C.R., Neislon, R.P., Hansen, L. & Hannah, L. (2006) Global warming and extinctions of endemic species from biodiversity hotspots. Conservation Biology, 20, 538548.
  • Manley, P.N., Parks, S.A., Campbell, L.A. & Schlesinger, M.D. (2009) Modeling urban land development as a continuum to address fine-grained habitat heterogeneity. Landscape and Urban Planning, 89, 2836.
  • Marzluff, J.M. (2005) Island biogeography for an urbanizing world: how extinction and colonization may determine biological diversity in human-dominated landscapes. Urban Ecosystems, 8, 157177.
  • Mcdonald, R.I., Kareiva, P. & Forman, R.T.T. (2008) The implications of current and future urbanization for global protected areas and biodiversity conservation. Biological Conservation, 141, 16951703.
  • McDonnell, M.J. & Hahs, A.K. (2008) The use of gradient analysis studies in advancing our understanding of the ecology of urbanizing landscapes: current status and future directions. Landscape Ecology, 23, 11431155.
  • McDonnell, M.J. & Pickett, S.T.A. (1990) Ecosystem structure and function along urban-rural gradients: an unexploited opportunity for ecology. Ecology, 71, 12321237.
  • McKinney, M.L. (2002) Urbanization, biodiversity, and conservation. BioScience, 52, 883890.
  • McKinney, M.L. (2008) Effects of urbanization on species richness: a review of plants and animals. Urban Ecosystems, 11, 161176.
  • Miller, J.R. (2005) Biodiversity conservation and the extinction of experience. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 20, 430434.
  • Mönkkönen, M., Forsman, J.T. & Bokma, F. (2006) Energy availability, abundance, energy-use and species richness in forest bird communities: a test of the species-energy theory. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 15, 290302.
  • Natuhara, Y. & Imai, C. (1996) Spatial structure of avifauna along urban-rural gradients. Ecological Research, 11, 19.
  • Niemelä, J., Kotze, D.J., Venn, S., Penev, L., Stoyanov, I., Spence, J., Hartley, D. & De Oac, E.M. (2002) Carabid beetle assemblages (Coleoptera, Carabidae) across urban-rural gradients: an international comparison. Landscape Ecology, 17, 387401.
  • Nuorteva, P. (1971) The synanthropy of birds as an expression of ecological cycle disorder caused by urbanization. Annales Zoologici Fennici, 8, 547553.
  • Palmer, G.C., Fitzsimons, J.A., Antos, M.J. & White, J.G. (2008) Determinants of native avian richness in suburban remnant vegetation: implications for conservation planning. Biological Conservation, 141, 23292341.
  • Palomino, D. & Carrascal, L.M. (2007) Threshold distances to nearby cities and roads influence the bird community of a mosaic landscape. Biological Conservation, 140, 100109.
  • Pauleit, S., Jones, N., Nyhuus, S., Pirnat, J. & Salbitano, F. (2005) Urban forest resources in European cities. Urban Forests and Trees (eds C.Konijnendijk, K.Nilsson, T.Randrup & J.Schipperijn), pp. 4980. Springer, Berlin.
  • Pautasso, M. & Chiarucci, A. (2008) A test of the scale-dependence of the species abundance-people correlation for veteran trees in Italy. Annals of Botany, 101, 709715.
  • Pautasso, M. & Dinetti, M. (2009) Avian species richness, human population and protected areas across Italy’s regions. Environmental Conservation, 36, 2231.
  • Pautasso, M. & Fontaneto, D. (2008) A test of the species-people correlation for stream macro-invertebrates in European countries. Ecological Applications, 18, 18421849.
  • Pautasso, M. & Weisberg, P.J. (2008) Negative density-area relationships: the importance of the zeros. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 17, 203210.
  • Rebele, F. (1994) Urban ecology and special features of urban ecosystems. Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters, 4, 173187.
  • Rolando, A., Maffei, G., Pulcher, C. & Giuso, A. (1997) Avian community structure along an urbanization gradient. Italian Journal of Zoology, 64, 341349.
  • Rowhani, P., Lepczyk, C.A., Linderman, M.A., Pidgeon, A.M., Radeloff, V.C., Culbert, P.D. & Lambin, E.F. (2008) Variability in energy influences avian distribution patterns across the USA. Ecosystems, 11, 854867.
  • Sanford, M.P., Manley, N.P. & Murphy, D.D. (2009) Effects of urban development on ant communities: implications for ecosystem services and management. Conservation Biology, 23, 131141.
  • Schlesinger, M.D., Manley, P.N. & Holyoak, M. (2008) Distinguishing stressors acting on land bird communities in an urbanizing environment. Ecology, 89, 23022314.
  • Sodhi, N.S., Briffett, C., Kong, L. & Yuen, B. (1999) Bird use of linear areas of a tropical city: implications for park connector design and management. Landscape and Urban Planning, 45, 123130.
  • Srivastava, D.S. & Lawton, J.H. (1998) Why more productive sites have more species: an experimental test of theory using tree-hole communities. The American Naturalist, 152, 510529.
  • Stastny, K. & Bejcek, V. (eds) (1990) Bird census and atlas studies. Proceedings XI International Conference on Bird Census and Atlas Work, pp. 181185. Birdlife International, Prague.
  • Svoray, T., Bar, P. & Bannet, T. (2005) Urban land-use allocation in a Mediterranean ecotone: habitat heterogeneity model incorporated in a GIS using a multi-criteria mechanism. Landscape and Urban Planning, 72, 337351.
  • Tratalos, J., Fuller, R.A., Evans, K.L., Davies, R.G., Newson, S.E., Greenwood, J.J.D. & Gaston, K.J. (2007) Bird densities are associated with household densities. Global Change Biology, 13, 16851695.
  • Turner, W.R., Nakamura, T. & Dinetti, M. (2004) Global urbanization and the separation of humans from nature. BioScience, 54, 585590.
  • Underwood, E.C., Viers, J.H., Klausmeyer, K.R., Cox, R.L. & Shaw, M.R. (2009) Threats and biodiversity in the mediterranean biome. Diversity and Distributions, 15, 188197.
  • Vallejo, B.M., Aloy, A.B. & Ong, P.S. (2009) The distribution, abundance and diversity of birds in Manila’s last greenspaces. Landscape and Urban Planning, 89, 7585.
  • Vallet, J., Daniel, H., Beaujouan, V. & Roze, F. (2008) Plant species response to urbanization: comparison of isolated woodland patches in two cities of North-Western France. Landscape Ecology, 23, 12051217.
  • Wang, G.M., Jiang, G.M., Zhou, Y.L., Liu, Q.R., Ji, Y.S., Wang, S.X., Chen, S.B. & Liu, H. (2007) Biodiversity conservation in a fast-growing metropolitan area in China: a case study of plant diversity in Beijing. Biodiversity and Conservation, 16, 40254038.
  • White, J.G., Antos, M.J., Fitzsimons, J.A. & Palmer, G.C. (2005) Non-uniform bird assemblages in urban environments: the influence of streetscape vegetation. Landscape and Urban Planning, 71, 123125.
  • Yee, D.A. & Juliano, S.A. (2007) Abundance matters: a field experiment testing the more individuals hypothesis for richness-productivity relationships. Oecologia, 153, 153162.