Phenotypic correlates of hybridisation between red and sika deer (genus Cervus)
Article first published online: 25 NOV 2009
© 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 British Ecological Society
Journal of Animal Ecology
Volume 79, Issue 2, pages 414–425, March 2010
How to Cite
Senn, H. V., Swanson, G. M., Goodman, S. J., Barton, N. H. and Pemberton, J. M. (2010), Phenotypic correlates of hybridisation between red and sika deer (genus Cervus). Journal of Animal Ecology, 79: 414–425. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2009.01633.x
- Issue published online: 5 FEB 2010
- Article first published online: 25 NOV 2009
- Received 22 April 2009; accepted 6 October 2009 Handling Editor: Atte Mysterud
- carcass weight;
- Cervus elaphus;
- Cervus nippon;
- gene flow;
- invasive species;
- kidney fat;
1. Hybridisation with an invasive species has the potential to alter the phenotype and hence the ecology of a native counterpart.
2. Here data from populations of native red deer Cervus elaphus and invasive sika deer Cervus nippon in Scotland is used to assess the extent to which hybridisation between them is causing phenotypic change. This is done by regression of phenotypic traits against genetic hybrid scores.
3. Hybridisation is causing increases in the body weight of sika-like deer and decreases in the body weight of red-like females. Hybridisation is causing increases in jaw length and increases in incisor arcade breadth in sika-like females. Hybridisation is also causing decreases in incisor arcade breadth in red-like females.
4. There is currently no evidence that hybridisation is causing changes in the kidney fat weight or pregnancy rates of either population.
5. Increased phenotypic similarity between the two species is likely to lead to further hybridisation. The ecological consequences of this are difficult to predict.