SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Alexander, R.D. (1974) The evolution of social behavior. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 5, 325383.
  • Anderson, R.M. & May, R.M. (1978) Regulation and stability of host–parasite population interactions. I. Regulatory processes. Journal of Animal Ecology, 47, 219247.
  • Anderson, R.M. & May, R.M. (1991) Infectious Diseases of Humans: Dynamics and Control. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Anderson, R.M., Jackson, H.C., May, R.M. & Smith, A.M. (1981) Population dynamics of fox rabies in Europe. Nature, 289, 765771.
  • Arnason, A.N. & Schwarz, C.J. (1999) Using POPAN-5 to analyse banding data. Bird Study, 46, S157S168.
  • Arneberg, P., Skorping, A., Grenfell, B. & Read, A.F. (1998) Host densities as determinants of abundance in parasite communities. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B, 265, 12831289.
  • Brunner, J.L. & Ostfeld, R.S. (2008) Multiple causes of variable tick burdens on small-mammal hosts. Ecology, 89, 22592272.
  • Burg, J.G. (2001) Seasonal activity and spatial distribution of host seeking adults of the tick Dermacentor variabilis. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 15, 413421.
  • Burnham, K.P. & Anderson, D.R. (2002) Model Selection and Multimodel Inference: A Practical Information-Theoretic Approach. Springer-Verlag, New York.
  • Bush, A.O., Lafferty, K.D., Lotz, J.M. & Shostak, A.W. (1997) Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited. Journal of Parasitology, 83, 575583.
  • Caley, P. & Ramsey, D. (2001) Estimating disease transmission in wildlife, with emphasis on leptospirosis and bovine tuberculosis in possums, and effects of fertility control. Journal of Applied Ecology, 38, 13621370.
  • Carroll, J.F. & Nichols, J.D. (1986) Parasitization of meadow voles, Microtus pennsylvanicus (Ord), by American dog ticks, Dermacentor variabilis (Say), and adult tick movement during high host density. Journal of Entomological Science, 21, 102113.
  • Côté, I.M. & Gross, M.R. (1993) Reduced disease in offspring: a benefit of coloniality in sunfish. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 33, 269274.
  • Côté, I.M. & Poulin, R. (1995) Parasitism and group-size in social animals–a metaanalysis. Behavioral Ecology, 6, 159165.
  • Craig, L.E., Norris, D.E., Sanders, M.L., Glass, G.E. & Schwartz, B.S. (1996) Acquired resistance and antibody response of raccoons (Procyon lotor) to sequential feedings of Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae). Veterinary Parasitology, 63, 291301.
  • Davies, C.R., Ayres, J.M., Dye, C. & Deane, L.M. (1991) Malaria infection rate of Amazonian primates increases with body weight and group size. Functional Ecology, 5, 655662.
  • Dobson, A.P. (1990) Models for multi-species parasite–host communities. Parasite Communities: Patterns and Processes (eds G.Esch, A.O.Bush & J.M.Aho), pp. 261288. Chapman & Hall, London.
  • Duncan, P. & Vigne, N. (1979) The effect of group size in horses on the rate of attacks by bloodsucking flies. Animal Behaviour, 27, 623625.
  • Durden, L.A. (1980) Seasonal abundance of fleas (Siphonaptera) and sucking lice (Anoplura) on gray squirrels, Sciurus carolinensis, in central Tennessee, USA. Journal of Medical Entomology, 17, 483484.
  • Durden, L.A. (2001) Lice (Phthiraptera). Parasitic Diseases of Wild Mammals (eds W.M.Samuel, M.J.Pybus & A.A.Kocan), pp. 317. Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA.
  • Evans, R.H. (2002) Raccoons and relatives (Carnivora, Procyonidae). Zoological Restraint and Anesthesia (ed. D.Heard). International Veterinary Information Service, Ithaca, NY. http://www.ivis.org/special_books/Heard/evans/ivis.pdf. Accessed January 2010.
  • Fauchald, P., Rødven, R., Bårdsen, B.-J., Langeland, K., Tveraa, T., Yoccoz, N.G. & Ims, R.A. (2007) Escaping parasitism in the selfish herd: age, size and density-dependent warble fly infestation in reindeer. Oikos, 116, 491499.
  • Franklin, A.B., Anderson, D.R., Gutièrrez, R.J. & Burnham, K.P. (2000) Climate, habitat quality, and fitness in northern spotted owl populations in northwestern California. Ecological Monographs, 70, 539590.
  • Freeland, W.J. (1976) Pathogens and the evolution of primate sociality. Biotropica, 8, 1124.
  • Freeland, W.J. (1979) Primate social groups as biological islands. Ecology, 60, 719728.
  • Garcia, R. (1965) Collection of Dermacentor andersoni (Stiles) with carbon dioxide and its application in studies of Colorado tick fever virus. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 14, 10901093.
  • Gompper, M.E. (2004) Correlations of coati (Nasua narica) social structure with parasitism by ticks and chiggers. Contribuciones mastozoológicas en homenaje a Bernardo Villa (eds V.Sánchez-Cordero & R.A.Medellín), pp. 527534. Instituto de biología e Instituto de Ecología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
  • Gompper, M.E. & Wright, A.N. (2005) Increased prevalence of raccoon roundworm, (Baylisascaris procyonis) owing to manipulated contact rates of hosts. Journal of Zoology, 266, 215219.
  • Grau, G.A., Sanderson, G.C. & Rogers, J.P. (1970) Age determination in raccoons. Journal of Wildlife Management, 34, 364372.
  • Hardin, J.W. & Hilbe, J.M. (2007) Generalized Linear Models and Extensions. Stata Press, College Station, TX.
  • Hochberg, M.E. (1991) Viruses as costs to gregarious feeding behaviour in the Lepidoptera. Oikos, 61, 291296.
  • Hoogland, J.L. (1979) Aggression, ectoparasitism, and other possible costs of prairie dog (Sciuridae, Cynomys spp.) coloniality. Behaviour, 69, 135.
  • Kenward, R.E. (1985) Ranging behaviour and population dynamics in grey squirrels. Behavioural Ecology. Ecological Consequences of Adaptive Behaviour (eds R.M.Sibly & R.H.Smith), pp. 319330. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.
  • Keymer, A.E. & Read, A.F. (1991) Behavioural ecology: the impact of parasitism. Parasite–Host Associations (eds C.A.Toft & A.Aeschlimann), pp. 3761. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Kollars, T.M., Jr, Oliver, J.H., Jr, Masters, E.J., Kollars, P.G. & Durden, L.A. (2000) Host utilization and seasonal occurrence of Dermacentor species (Acari: Ixodidae) in Missouri, USA. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 24, 631643.
  • Krasnov, B., Khokhlova, I. & Shenbrot, G. (2002) The effect of host density on ectoparasite distribution: an example of a rodent parasitized by fleas. Ecology, 83, 164175.
  • Møller, A.P., Dufva, R. & Allander, K. (1993) Parasites and the evolution of host social behavior. Advances in the Study of Behaviour, 22, 65102.
  • Monello, R.J. (2009) Experimentally assessing the influence of resource availability and social aggregation on the parasites of raccoons. PhD dissertation, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO.
  • Monello, R.J. & Gompper, M.E. (2007) Biotic and abiotic predictors of tick (Dermacentor variabilis) abundance and engorgement on free-ranging raccoons (Procyon lotor). Parasitology, 134, 20532062.
  • Monello, R.J. & Gompper, M.E. (2009) Relative importance of demographics, locale, and seasonality underlying louse and flea parasitism of raccoons (Procyon lotor). Journal of Parasitology, 95, 5662.
  • Moore, J., Simberloff, D. & Freehling, M. (1988) Relationships between bobwhite quail social-group size and intestinal helminth parasitism. American Naturalist, 131, 2232.
  • Mooring, M.S. & Hart, B.L. (1992) Animal grouping for protection from parasites: selfish herd and encounter-dilution effects. Behaviour, 123, 173193.
  • Morand, S. & Poulin, R. (1998) Density, body mass and parasite species richness of terrestrial mammals. Evolutionary Ecology, 12, 717727.
  • Porteous, I.S. & Pankhurst, S.J. (1998) Social structure of the mara (Dolichotis patagonum) as a determinant of gastro-intestinal parasitism. Parasitology, 116, 269275.
  • Poulin, R. (1991) Group-living and infestation by ectoparasites in passerines. Condor, 93, 418423.
  • Prange, S., Gehrt, S.D., Wiggers, E.P. & O’Shea, T.J. (2004) Influences of anthropogenic resources on raccoon (Procyon lotor) movements and spatial distribution. Journal of Mammalogy, 85, 483490.
  • Rubenstein, D.I. & Hohmann, M.E. (1989) Parasites and social behavior of island feral horses. Oikos, 55, 312320.
  • Schulte-Hostedde, A.I., Zinner, B., Millar, J.S. & Hickling, G.J. (2005) Restitution of mass–size residuals: validating body condition indices. Ecology, 86, 155163.
  • Tella, J.L. (2002) The evolutionary transition to coloniality promotes higher blood parasitism in birds. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 15, 3241.
  • Vicente, J., Hoefle, U., Fernandez-De-Mera, I.G. & Gortazar, C. (2007) The importance of parasite life history and host density in predicting the impact of infections in red deer. Oecologia, 152, 655664.
  • Wilson, K. & Grenfell, B.T. (1997) Generalized linear modelling for parasitologists. Parasitology Today, 13, 3338.
  • Wilson, K., Thomas, M.B., Blanford, S., Doggett, M., Simpson, S.J. & Moore, S.L. (2002) Coping with crowds: density-dependent disease resistance in desert locusts. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 99, 54715475.
  • Wright, A.N. & Gompper, M.E. (2005) Altered parasite assemblages in raccoons in response to manipulated resource availability. Oecologia, 144, 148156.