Fig. S1. Photograph of Metaphycus luteolus parasitizing brown soft scale.

Fig. S2. Photograph of a brown soft scale that has 7 parasitoid eggs in it.

Fig. S3. Detail from the photo in Fig. S2 showing two larvae that have hatched and the stalks of the parasitoid eggs.

Fig. S4. Photograph of a mummified scale from which a M. luteolus female has emerged.

Fig. S5. Photograph of a parasitized scale in which competition between parasitoids and consumption of the loser larva is shown.

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