SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Angilletta, M.J., Steel, E.A., Bartz, K.K., Kingsolver, J.G., Scheuerell, M.D., Beckman, B.R. & Crozier, L.G. (2008) Big dams and salmon evolution: changes in thermal regimes and their potential evolutionary consequences. Evolutionary Applications, 1, 286299.
  • Baer, J. & Rösch, R. (2008) Mass-marking of brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) larvae by alizarin: method and evaluation of stocking. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 24, 4449.
  • Berg, O.K. & Moen, V. (1999) Inter- and intrapopulation variation in temperature sum requirements at hatching in Norwegian Atlantic salmon. Journal of Fish Biology, 54, 636647.
  • Bohlin, T., Hamrin, S., Heggberget, T.G., Rasmussen, G. & Saltveit, S.J. (1989) Electrofishing – theory and practice with special emphasis on salmonids. Hydrobiologia, 173, 943.
  • Brännäs, E. (1995) First access to territorial space and exposure to strong predation pressure: a conflict in early emerging Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) fry. Evolutionary Ecology, 9, 411420.
  • Carlson, S.M. & Seamons, T.R. (2008) A review of quantitative genetic components of fitness in salmonids: implications for adaptation to future change. Evolutionary Applications, 1, 222238.
  • Carrière, Y., Simons, A.M. & Roff, D.A. (1996) The effect of the timing of post-diapause egg development on survival, growth, and body size in Gryllus pennsylvanicus. Oikos, 75, 463470.
  • Chapman, D.W. (1988) Critical review of variables used to define effects of fines in redds of large salmonids. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 117, 121.
  • Crawley, M.J. (2007) The R Book. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK.
  • Crisp, D.T. (1981) A desk study of the relationship between temperature and hatching time for the eggs of five species of salmonid fishes. Freshwater Biology, 11, 361368.
  • Crisp, D.T. (1988) Prediction, from temperature, of eying, hatching and ‘swim-up’ times for salmonid embryos. Freshwater Biology, 19, 4148.
  • Crozier, L.G., Hendry, A.P., Lawson, P.W., Quinn, T.P., Mantua, N.J., Battin, J., Shaw, R.G. & Huey, R.B. (2008) Potential responses to climate change in organisms with complex life histories: evolution and plasticity in Pacific salmon. Evolutionary Applications, 1, 252270.
  • Cushing, D.H. (1990) Plankton production and year-class strength in fish populations: an update of the match mismatch hypothesis. Advances in Marine Biology, 26, 249293.
  • Cutts, C.J., Metcalfe, N.B. & Taylor, A.C. (1999) Competitive asymetries in territorial juvenile Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. Oikos, 86, 479486.
  • Darwish, T.L. & Hutchings, J.A. (2009) Genetic variability in reaction norms between farmed and wild backcrosses of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 66, 8390.
  • Durant, J.M., Stenseth, N.C., Anker-Nilssen, T., Harris, M.P., Thompson, P.M. & Wanless, S. (2004) Marine birds and climate fluctuation in the North Atlantic. Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variations (eds N.C.Stenseth, G.Ottesen, J.W.Hurrell & A.Belgrano), pp. 95105. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Durant, J.M., Hjermann, D.O., Ottersen, G. & Stenseth, N.C. (2007) Climate and the match or mismatch between predator requirements and resource availability. Climate Research, 33, 271283.
  • Einum, S. & Fleming, I.A. (2000) Selection against late emergence and small offspring in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Evolution, 54, 628639.
  • Einum, S., Sundt-Hansen, L. & Nislow, K.H. (2006) The partitioning of density-dependent dispersal, growth and survival throughout ontogeny in a highly fecund organism. Oikos, 113, 489496.
  • Einum, S., Nislow, K.H., McKelvey, S. & Armstrong, J.D. (2008) Nest distribution shaping within-stream variation in Atlantic salmon juvenile abundance and competition over small spatial scales. Journal of Animal Ecology, 77, 167172.
  • Elliott, J.M. & Hurley, M.A. (1997) A functional model for maximum growth of Atlantic salmon parr, Salmo salar, from two populationsin northwest England. Functional Ecology, 11, 592603.
  • Finstad, A.G., Næsje, T.F. & Forseth, T. (2004) Seasonal variation in the thermal performance of juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Freshwater Biology, 49, 14591467.
  • Fleming, I.A. (1996) Reproductive strategies of Atlantic salmon: ecology and evolution. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 6, 379416.
  • Forseth, T., Hurley, M.A., Jensen, A.J. & Elliott, J.M. (2001) Functional models for growth and food consumption of Atlantic salmon parr, Salmo salar, from a Norwegian river. Freshwater Biology, 46, 173186.
  • Harrington, R., Woiwod, I. & Sparks, T. (1999) Climate change and trophic interactions. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 14, 146150.
  • Heggberget, T.G. (1988) Timing of spawning in Norwegian salmon (Salmo salar). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 45, 845849.
  • Henderson, J.N. & Letcher, B.H. (2003) Predation on stocked Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fry. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 60, 3242.
  • Iwasa, Y. & Levin, S.A. (1995) The timing of life-history events. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 172, 3342.
  • Jensen, A.J. & Johnsen, B.O. (1999) The functional relationship between peak spring floods and survival and growth of juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and brown trout (Salmo trutta). Functional Ecology, 13, 778785.
  • Jensen, A.J., Johnsen, B.O. & Heggberget, T.G. (1991) Initial feeding time of Salmon, Salmo salar, alevins compared to river flow and water temperature in Norwegian streams. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 30, 379385.
  • Johnsson, J.I., Nöbbelin, F. & Bohlin, T. (1999) Territorial competition among wild brown trout fry: effects of ownership and body size. Journal of Fish Biology, 54, 469472.
  • Jonsson, B., Forseth, T., Jensen, A.J. & Naesje, T.F. (2001) Thermal performance of juvenile Atlantic Salmon, Salmo salar L. Functional Ecology, 15, 701711.
  • Krebs, J.R. (1982) Territorial defense in the great tit (Parus major): do residents always win? Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 11, 185194.
  • Landa, K. (1992) Seasonal declines in offspring fitness and selection for early reproduction in nymph-overwintering grasshoppers. Evolution, 46, 121135.
  • Letcher, B.H., Dubreuil, T., O’Donnell, M.J., Obedzinski, M., Griswold, K. & Nislow, K.H. (2004) Long-term consequences of variation in timing and manner of fry introduction on juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) growth, survival, and life-history expression. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 61, 22882301.
  • Lobon-Cervia, J. & Rincon, P.A. (2004) Environmental determinants of recruitment and their influence on the population dynamics of stream-living brown trout Salmo trutta. Oikos, 105, 641646.
  • Mason, J.C. & Chapman, D.W. (1965) Significance of early emergence, environmental rearing capacity, and behavioural ecology of juvenile coho salmon in stream channels. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 22, 173190.
  • McGinnity, P., Jennings, E., DeEyto, E., Allott, N., Samuelsson, P., Rogan, G., Whelan, K. & Cross, T. (2009) Impact of naturally spawning captive-bred Atlantic salmon on wild populations: depressed recruitment and increased risk of climate-mediated extinction. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 276, 36013610.
  • Metcalfe, N.B. (1998) The interaction between behavior and physiology in determining life history patterns in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 55, 93103.
  • Nislow, K.H., Folt, C.L. & Parrish, D.L. (1999) Favorable foraging locations for young Atlantic salmon: application to habitat and population restoration. Ecological Applications, 9, 10851099.
  • O’Connor, K.I., Metcalfe, N.B. & Taylor, A.C. (2000) The effects of prior residence on behavior and growth rates in juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Behavioral Ecology, 11, 1318.
  • Ostrovsky, I. (1995) The parabolic pattern of animal growth – determination of equation parameters and their temperature dependencies. Freshwater Biology, 33, 357371.
  • Parmesan, C. (2006) Ecological and evolutionary responses to recent climate change. Annual Review of Ecology Evolution and Systematics, 37, 637669.
  • Peterson, N.P. & Quinn, T.P. (1996) Spatial and temporal variation in dissolved oxygen in natural egg pockets of chum salmon, in Kennedy Creek, Washington. Journal of Fish Biology, 48, 131143.
  • Pinheiro, J., Bates, D., DebRoy, S. & Sarkar, D.; R Core team (2009) nlme: Linear and Nonlinear Mixed Effects Models. R package version 3, 196.
  • Quinn, T.P., Unwin, M.J. & Kinnison, M.T. (2000) Evolution of temporal isolation in the wild: genetic divergence in timing of migration and breeding by introduced chinook salmon populations. Evolution, 54, 13721385.
  • R Development Core Team (2008) R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.
  • Réale, D., Berteaux, D., McAdam, A.G. & Boutin, S. (2003) Lifetime selection on heritable life-history traits in a natural population of red squirrels. Evolution, 57, 24162423.
  • Rubin, J.F. & Glimsäter, C. (1996) Egg-to-fry survival of the sea trout in some streams of Gotland. Journal of Fish Biology, 48, 585606.
  • Stenseth, N.C. & Mysterud, A. (2002) Climate, changing phenology, and other life history and traits: nonlinearity and match-mismatch to the environment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 99, 1337913381.
  • Sundt-Hansen, L., Sundström, L.F., Einum, S., Hindar, K., Fleming, I.A. & Devlin, R.H. (2007) Genetically enhanced growth causes increased mortality in hypoxic environments. Biology Letters, 3, 165168.
  • Svensson, E. (1997) Natural selection on avian breeding time: causality, fecundity-dependent, and fecundity-independent selection. Evolution, 51, 12761283.
  • Thackeray, S.J., Sparks, T.H., Fredriksen, M., Burthe, S., Bacon, P.J., Bell, J.R., Botham, M.S., Bregton, T.M., Bright, P.W., Carvalho, L., Clutton-Brock, T., Dawson, A., Edwards, M., Elliott, J.M., Harrington, R., Johns, D., Jones, I.D., Jones, J.T., Leech, D.I., Roy, D.B., Scott, W.A., Smith, M., Smithers, R.J., Winfield, I.J. & Wanless, S. (2010) Trophic level asynchrony in rates of phenological change for marine, freshwater and terrestrial environments. Global Change Biology, 16, 33043313.
  • Varpe, O., Jorgensen, C., Tarling, G.A. & Fiksen, O. (2007) Early is better: seasonal egg fitness and timing of reproduction in a zooplankton life-history model. Oikos, 116, 13311342.
  • Visser, M.E. & Holleman, L.J.M. (2001) Warmer springs disrupt the synchrony of oak and winter moth phenology. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences, 268, 289294.
  • Visser, M.E., van Noordwijk, A.J., Tinbergen, J.M. & Lessells, C.M. (1998) Warmer springs lead to mistimed reproduction in great tits (Parus major). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences, 265, 18671870.
  • Warner, D.A. & Shine, R. (2007) Fitness of juvenile lizards depends on seasonal timing of hatching, not offspring body size. Oecologia, 154, 6573.
  • Wigington, P.J., Davies, T.D., Tranter, M. & Eshleman, K.N. (1992) Comparison of episodic acidification in Canada, Europe and the United-States. Environmental Pollution, 78, 2935.
  • Winder, M. & Schindler, D.E. (2004) Climate change uncouples trophic interactions in an aquatic system. Ecology, 85, 21002106.
  • Wright, P.J., Panfili, J., Folkvord, A., Mosegaard, H. & Meunier, F.J. (2002) Direct validation. Manual of Fish Sclerochronoloy (eds J.Panfili, H.de Pontual, H.Troadec & P.J.Wright), pp. 114127. Ifremer–IRD coedition, Brest, France.
  • Zuur, A.F., Ieno, E.N., Walker, N., Saveliev, A.A. & Smith, G.M. (2009) Mixed Effects Models and Extensions in Ecology with R. Springer, New York.