SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aerts, R., Cornelissen, J.H.C. & Dorrepaal, E. (2006) Plant performance in a warmer world: general responses of plants from cold, northern biomes and the importance of winter and spring events. Plant Ecology, 182, 6577.
  • Allee, W.C. (1926) Distribution of animals in a tropical rain-forest with relation to environmental factors. Ecology, 7, 445468.
  • Böhning-Gaese, K. & Lemoine, N. (2004) Importance of climate change for the ranges, communities and conservation of birds. Birds and Climate Change. Advances in Ecological Research (eds A.P.Møller, W.Fiedler & P.Berthold), 35, p. 211236. Elsevier Academic Press, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  • Boonstra, R., Hik, D., Singleton, G.R. & Tinnikov, A. (1998) The impact of predator-induced stress on the snowshoe hare cycle. Ecological Monographs, 68, 371394.
  • Brown, J. (1995) Macroecology. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, USA.
  • Busch, D.S. & Hayward, L.S. (2009) Stress in a conservation context: a discussion of glucocorticoid actions and how levels change with conservation-relevant variables. Biological Conservation, 142, 28442853.
  • Busch, D.S., Robinson, T.R., Hahn, T.P. & Wingfield, J.C. (2008) Sex hormones in the song wren: variation with time of year, molt, gonadotropin releasing hormone, and social challenge. The Condor, 110, 125133.
  • Busch, D.S., Addis, E.A., Clark, A.D. & Wingfield, J.C. (2010) Teasing apart the effects of environment and life-history stage on corticosterone modulation in Costa Rican rufous-collared sparrows, Zonotrichia capensis costaricensis. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 83, 8796.
  • Cain, J.R. & Lien, R.J. (1985) A model for drought inhibition of bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) reproductive systems. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 82A, 925930.
  • Calosi, P., Bilton, D.T., Spicer, J.I., Votier, S.C. & Atfield, A. (2010) What determines a species’ geographical range? Thermal biology and latitudinal range size relationships in European diving beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae). Journal of Animal Ecology, 79, 194204.
  • Canaday, C. (1997) Loss of insectivorous birds along a gradient of human impact in Amazonia. Biological Conservation, 77, 6377.
  • Chown, S.L., Gaston, K.J. & Robinson, D. (2004) Macrophysiology: large-scale patterns in physiological traits and their ecological implications. Functional Ecology, 18, 159167.
  • Condit, R. (1998) Ecological implications of changes in drought patterns: shifts in forest composition in Panama. Climatic Change, 39, 413427.
  • Condit, R., Aguilar, S., Hernandez, A., Perez, R., Lao, S., Angehr, G., Hubbell, S.P. & Foster, R.B. (2004) Tropical forest dynamics across a rainfall gradient and the impact of an El Niño dry season. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 20, 5172.
  • Condit, R., Robinson, W.D., Ibanez, R., Aguilar, S., Sanjur, A., Martinez, R., et al. (2001) The status of the Panama Canal Watershed and is biodiversity at the beginning of the 21st Century. Bioscience, 51, 389398.
  • Corten, A. (2001) Northern distribution of North Sea herring as a response to high water temperature and/or low food abundance. Fisheries Research, 50, 189204.
  • Cusack, D.F., Chou, W.W., Yang, W.H., Harman, M.E., Silver, W.L. & Team, T.L. (2009) Controls on long-term root and leaf litter decomposition in neotropical forests. Global Change Biology, 15, 13391355.
  • Cyr, N.E., Wikelski, M. & Romero, L.M. (2008) Increased energy expenditure but decreased stress responsiveness during molt. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 81, 452462.
  • Dawson, R.D. & Bortolotti, G.R. (1997) Are avian hematocrits indicative of condition? American kestrels as a model. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 61, 12971306.
  • Deutsch, C.A., Tewksbury, J.J., Huey, R.B., Sheldon, K.S., Ghalambor, C.K., Haak, D.C. & Martin, P.R. (2008) Impacts of climate warming on terrestrial ectotherms across latitude. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105, 66686672.
  • Diekötter, T., Walther-Hellwig, K., Conradi, M., Suter, M. & Frankl, R. (2006) Effects of landscape elements on the distribution of the rare bumblebee species Bombus muscorum in an agricultural landscape. Biodiversity and Conservation, 15, 5768.
  • Donahue, M., Nichols, A., Santamaria, C.A., League-Pike, P.E., Krediet, C.J., Perez, K.O. & Shulman, M.J. (2009) Predation risk, prey abundance, and the vertical distribution of three Brachyuran crabs on Gulf of Maine shores. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 29, 523531.
  • Dunlap, K. (1995) External and internal influences on indices of physiological stress: II. Seasonal and size-related variations in blood composition in free-living lizards, Sceloporus occidentalis. The Journal of Experimental Zoology, 272, 8594.
  • Dunlap, K. & Wingfield, J.C. (1995) External and internal influence on indices of physiological stress. I. Seasonal and adrenocortical secretion of free-living lizards, Sceloporus occidentalis. The Journal of Experimental Zoology, 271, 3646.
  • Futuyma, D.J. (2010) Evolutionary constraint and ecological consequences. Evolution, 64, 18651884.
  • Gasner, M.R., Jankowski, J.E., Ciecka, A.L., Kyle, K.O. & Rabenold, K.N. (2010) Projecting the local impacts of climate change on a Central American montane avian community. Biological Conservation, 143, 12501258.
  • Gaston, K.L. (2003) The Structure and Dynamics of Geographic Ranges. Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Gaston, K.J. (2009) Geographic range limits of species. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 276, 13911393.
  • Gaston, K.J., Chown, S.L., Calosi, P., Bernardo, J., Bilton, D.T., Clarke, A., Clusella-Trullas, S., Ghalambor, C.K., Konarzewski, M., Peck, L.S., Porter, W.P., Pörtner, H.O., Rezende, E.L., Schulte, P.M., Spicer, J.I., Stillman, J.H., Terblanche, J.S. & van Kleunen, M. (2009) Macrophysiology: a conceptual reunification. The American Naturalist, 174, 595612.
  • Ghalambor, C.K., Huey, R.B., Martin, P.R., Tewksbury, J.J. & Wang, G. (2006) Are mountain passes higher in the tropics? Janzen’s hypothesis revisited. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 46, 517.
  • Goldstein, D.L. (1995) Effects of water restriction during growth and adulthood on renal function of bobwhite quail, Colinus virginianus. Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology, 164, 663670.
  • Gradwohl, J. & Greenberg, R. (1982) The breeding season of antwrens on Barro Colorado Island. The Ecology of a Tropical Forest: Seasonal Rhythms and Long-Term Changes (eds E.G.Leigh, A.S.Rand & D.M.Windsor), pp. 345351. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.
  • Hoffmann, A.A. (2010) Physiological climatic limits in Drosophila: patterns and implications. Journal of Experimental Biology, 213, 870880.
  • Hood, L.C., Boersma, P.D. & Wingfield, J.C. (1998) The adrenocortical response to stress in incubating Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus). The Auk, 115, 7684.
  • Huey, R.B., Deutsch, C.A., Tewksbury, J.J., Vitt, L.J., Hertz, P.E., Àlvarez Pérez, H.J. & Garland, T. (2009) Why tropical forest lizards are vulnerable to climate warming. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 276, 19391948.
  • IPCC (2007) Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2007. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.
  • Janzen, D.H. (1967) Why mountain passes are higher in the tropics. The American Naturalist, 101, 233249.
  • Janzen, D.H. & Schoener, T.W. (1968) Differences in insect abundance and diversity between wetter and drier sites during a tropical dry season. Ecology, 49, 96110.
  • Karr, J.R. (1980) Geographic variation in the avifaunas of tropical forest undergrowth. The Auk, 97, 283298.
  • Karr, J.R. & Brawn, J.D. (1990) Food resources of understory birds in Central Panama: quantification and effects of avian populations. Studies in Avian Biology, 13, 5864.
  • Karr, J.R. & Freemark, K.E. (1983) Habitat selection and environmental gradients: dynamics in the stable tropics. Ecology, 64, 14811494.
  • Kasprzak, M., Hetmański, T. & Kulczykowska, E. (2006) Changes in hematological parameters in free-living pigeons (Columbus livia f. urbana) during the breeding cycle. Journal of Ornithology, 147, 599604.
  • Kirkpatrick, M. & Barton, N.H. (1997) Evolution of a species’ range. The American Naturalist, 150, 123.
  • Korte, S.M., Koolhaas, J.M., Wingfield, J.C. & McEwen, B.S. (2005) The Darwinian concept of stress: benefits of allostasis and costs of allostatic load and the trade-offs in health and disease. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 29, 338.
  • Levings, S.C. & Windsor, D.M. (1982) Season and annual variation in litter arthropod populations. The Ecology of a Tropical Forest: Seasonal Rhythms and Long-Term Changes (eds E.G.Leigh, A.S.Rand & D.M.Windsor), pp. 355387. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.
  • Marra, P.P. & Holberton, R.L. (1998) Corticosterone levels as indicators of habitat quality: effects of habitat segregation in a migratory bird during the non-breeding season. Oecologia, 116, 284292.
  • Morton, E.S. (ed.) (1978) Reintroducing Recently Extirpated Birds into a Tropical Forest Preserve. University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA.
  • Morton, M.L. (1994) Hematocrits in montane sparrows in relation to reproductive schedule. The Condor, 96, 119126.
  • Neelin, J.D., Munnich, M., Su, H., Meyerson, J.E. & Holloway, C.E. (2006) Tropical drying trends in global warming models and observations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 103, 61106115.
  • Nores, M. (2009) Are bird populations in tropical and subtropical forests of South America affected by climate change? Climatic Change, 97, 543551.
  • Odegaard, F. (2006) Host specificity, alpha- and beta-diversity of phytophagous beetles in two tropical forests in Panama. Biodiversity and Conservation, 15, 83105.
  • Owen-Ashley, N.T., Turner, M., Hahn, T.P. & Wingfield, J.C. (2006) Hormonal, behavioral, and thermoregulatory responses to bacterial lipopolysaccharide in captive and free-living white-crowned sparrows (Zonotrichia leucophrys gambelli). Hormones and Behavior, 49, 1529.
  • Piersma, T., Koolhaas, A., Dekinga, A. & Gwinner, E. (2000) Red blood cell and white blood cell counts in sandpipers (Philomachus pugnax, Calidris canutus): effects of captivity, season, nutritional status, and frequent bleedings. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 78, 13491355.
  • R Development Core Team (2009) R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.
  • Raouf, S.A., Smith, L.C., Brown, M.B., Wingfield, J.C. & Brown, C.R. (2006) Glucocorticoid hormone levels increase with group size and parasite load in cliff swallows. Animal Behaviour, 71, 3948.
  • Rauscher, S.A., Giorgi, F., Diffenbaugh, N.S. & Seth, A. (2008) Extension and intensification of the meso-American mid-summer drought in the twenty-first century. Climate Dynamics. 31, 551571.
  • Renison, D., Boersma, P.D. & Martella, M.B. (2002) Winning and losing: causes for variability in outcome of fights in male Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus). Behavioral Ecology, 13, 462466.
  • Ridgely, R.S. & Gwynne, J.A. Jr (1989) A Guide to the Birds of Panama, 2nd edn. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA.
  • Robinson, T.R. (2000) Factors affecting natal dispersal by Song Wrens (Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus): Ecological constraints and demography. PhD thesis, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA.
  • Robinson, T.R., Robinson, W.D. & Edwards, E.C. (2000) Breeding ecology and nest-site selection of song wrens in central Panama. The Auk, 117, 345354.
  • Robinson, S.K. & Terborgh, J. (1995) Interspecific aggression and habitat selection by Amazonian birds. Journal of Animal Ecology, 64, 111.
  • Robinson, W.D., Angehr, G.R., Robinson, T.R., Petit, L.J., Petit, D.R. & Brawn, J.D. (2004) Distribution of bird diversity in a vulnerable neotropical landscape. Conservation Biology, 18, 510518.
  • Rogovin, K.A., Randall, J.A., Kolosova, I.E. & Moshkin, M.P. (2008) Long-term dynamics of fecal corticosteroids in male great gerbils (Rhombomys opimus Licht.): effects of environment and social demography. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 81, 612626.
  • Romero, L.M. & Remage-Healey, L. (2000) Daily and seasonal variation in response to stress in captive starlings (Sturnus vulgaris): corticosterone. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 119, 5259.
  • Rompré, G., Robinson, W.D. & Desrochers, A. (2008) Causes of habitat loss in a Neotropical landscape: the Panama Canal corridor. Landscape and Urban Planning, 87, 129139.
  • Rompré, G., Robinson, W.D., Desrochers, A. & Angehr, G. (2007) Environmental correlates of avian diversity in lowland Panama rain forests. Journal of Biogeography, 34, 802815.
  • Root, T. (1988) Environmental factors associated with avian distributional boundaries. Journal of Biogeography, 15, 489505.
  • Sapolsky, R.M. (1987) Stress, social status, and reproductive physiology in free-living baboons. Psychobiology of Reproductive Behavior: An Evolutionary Approach (ed. D.Crews), pp. 291322. Prentice-Hill Inc, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA.
  • Sapolsky, R.M., Romero, L.M. & Munck, A.U. (2000) How do glucocorticoids influence stress responses? Integrating permissive, suppressive, stimulatory, and preparative actions. Endocrine Reviews, 21, 5589.
  • SAS Institute (2005) JMP. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.
  • Sekercioglu, C.H., Ehrlich, P.R., Daily, G.C., Aygen, D., Goehring, D. & Sandi, R.F. (2002) Disappearance of insectivorous birds from tropical forest fragments. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 99, 263267.
  • Sekercioglu, C.H., Schneider, S.H., Fay, J.P. & Loarie, S.R. (2008) Climate change, elevation range shifts, and bird extinctions. Conservation Biology, 22, 140150.
  • Sinervo, B., Mendez-de-la-Cruz, F., Miles, D.B., Heulin, B., Bastiaans, E., Villagran-Santa Cruz, M., Lara-Resendiz, R., Martinez-Mendez, N., Calderon-Espinosa, M.L., Meza-Lazaro, R.N., Gadsden, H., Avila, L.J., Morando, M., De la Riva, I.J., Sepulveda, P.V., Rocha, C.F.D., Ibarguengoytia, N., Puntriano, C.A., Massot, M., Lepetz, V., Oksanen, T.A., Chapple, D.G., Bauer, A.M., Branch, W.R., Clobert, J. & Sites, J.W. Jr (2010) Erosion of lizard diversity by climate change and altered thermal niches. Science, 328, 894899.
  • Skutch, A.F. (1940) Social and sleeping habits of Central American wrens. The Auk, 57, 293312.
  • Smith, K.G. (1977) Distribution of summer birds along a forest moisture gradient in an Ozark watershed. Ecology, 58, 810819.
  • Stiles, F.G., Skutch, A.F. & Gardner, D. (1989) A Guide to the Birds of Costa Rica. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, USA.
  • Stouffer, P.C. & Bierregaard, R.O. Jr (1995) Use of Amazonian forest fragments by understory insectivorous birds. Ecology, 76, 24292445.
  • Stratford, J.A. & Stouffer, P.C. (1999) Local extinctions of terrestrial insectivorous birds in a fragmented landscape near Manaus, Brazil. Conservation Biology, 13, 14161423.
  • Strong, A.M. & Sherry, T.W. (2000) Habitat-specific effects of food abundance on the condition of overbirds wintering in Jamaica. Journal of Animal Ecology, 69, 883895.
  • Suorsa, P., Huhta, E., Nikula, A., Nikinmaa, M., Jantti, A., Helle, H. & Hakkarainen, H. (2003) Forest management is associated with physiological stress in an old-growth forest passerine. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 270, 963969.
  • Svensson, E. & Merilä, J. (1996) Molt and migratory condition in blue tits: a serological study. The Condor, 98, 825831.
  • Tewksbury, J.J., Huey, R.B. & Deutsch, C.A. (2008) Putting the heat on tropical animals. Science, 320, 12961297.
  • Thiollay, J.M. (1992) Influence of selective logging on bird species diversity in a Guianan rain forest. Conservation Biology, 6, 4762.
  • Walther, G.-R., Post, E., Convey, P., Menzel, A., Parmesan, C., Beebee, T.J.C., Fromentin, J.-M., Hoegh-Guldberg, O. & Bairlein, F. (2002) Ecological responses to recent climate change. Nature, 416, 389395.
  • Wikelski, M., Hau, M., Robinson, W.D. & Wingfield, J.C. (2003) Reproductive seasonality in seven neo-tropical passerine species. The Condor, 105, 683695.
  • Williams, S.E. & Middleton, J. (2008) Climatic seasonality, resource bottlenecks, and abundance of rainforest birds: implications for global climate change. Diversity and Distributions, 14, 6977.
  • Willis, E.O. (1976) Seasonal changes in the invertebrate litter fauna on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 36, 643657.
  • Wingfield, J.C. & Ramenofsky, M. (1999) Hormones and the behavioral ecology of stress. Stress Physiology in Animals (ed. P.H.M.Balm), pp. 151. Sheffield Academic Press, Sheffield, UK.
  • Wingfield, J.C., Smith, J.P. & Farner, D.S. (1982) Endocrine responses of white-crowned sparrows to environmental stress. Condor, 84, 399409.
  • Wingfield, J.C., Vleck, C.M. & Moore, M.C. (1992) Seasonal changes of the adrenocortical response to stress in birds of the Sonoran desert. The Journal of Experimental Zoology, 264, 419428.
  • Wingfield, J.C., Maney, D.L., Breuner, C.W., Jacobs, J.D., Lynn, S., Ramenofsky, M. & Richardson, R.D. (1998) Ecological bases of hormone-behavior interactions: the “emergency life history stage”. American Zoologist, 38, 191206.
  • Woodworth, B.L., Atkinson, C.T., LaPointe, D.A., Hart, P.J., Spiegel, C.S., Tweed, E.J., Henneman, C., LeBrun, J., Denette, T., DeMots, R., Kozar, K.L., Triglia, D., Lease, D., Gregor, A., Smith, T. & Duffy, D. (2005) Host population persistence in the face of introduced vector-borne diseases: Hawaii amakihi and avian malaria. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102, 15311536.