SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Akaike, H. (1992) Information theory and an extension of the maximum likelihood principles. Breakthroughs in Statistics (eds S. Kotz & N.L. Johnson). pp. 610624. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY, USA.
  • Barbraud, C. & Weimerskirch, H. (2001) Emperor penguins and climate change. Nature, 411, 183186.
  • Benkman, C.W. (1990) Intake rates and the timing of crossbill reproduction. Auk, 107, 376386.
  • Benkman, C.W. (1999) The selection mosaic and diversifying coevolution between crossbills and lodgepole pine. American Naturalist, 153, S75S91.
  • Benkman, C.W. (2003) Divergent selection drives the adaptive radiation of crossbills. Evolution, 57, 11761181.
  • Benkman, C.W., Holimon, W.C. & Smith, J.W. (2001) The influence of a competitor on the geographic mosaic of coevolution between crossbills and lodgepole pine. Evolution, 55, 282294.
  • Benkman, C.W., Parchman, T.L., Favis, A. & Siepielski, A.M. (2003) Reciprocal selection causes a coevolutionary arms race between crossbills and lodgepole pine. American Naturalist, 162, 182194.
  • Benkman, C.W., Colquitt, J.S., Gould, W.R., Fetz, T., Keenan, P.C. & Santisteban, L. (2005) Can selection by an ectoparasite drive a population of red crossbills from its adaptive peak? Evolution, 59, 20252032.
  • Benkman, C.W., Fetz, T. & Talluto, M.V. (in press) Variable resource availability when resource replenishment is constant: the coupling of predators and prey. Auk.
  • Benkman, C.W., Smith, J.W., Keenan, P.C., Parchman, T.L. & Santisteban, L. (2009) A new species of the red crossbill (Fringillidae: Loxia) from Idaho. Condor, 111, 169176.
  • Berthold, P., Fiedler, W., Schlenker, R. & Querner, U. (1998) 25-year study of the population development of Central European songbirds: a general decline, most evident in long-distance migrants. Naturwissenschaften, 85, 350353.
  • Both, C., Bouwhuis, S., Lessells, C.M. & Visser, M.E. (2006) Climate change and population declines in a long-distance migratory bird. Nature, 441, 8183.
  • Both, C., Van Turnhout, C.A.M., Bijlsma, R.G., Siepel, H., Van Strien, A.J. & Foppen, R.P.B. (2010) Avian population consequences of climate change are most severe for long-distance migrants in seasonal environments. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B, 277, 12591266.
  • Bradshaw, W.E. & Holzapfel, C.M. (2006) Evolutionary response to rapid climate change. Science, 312, 14771478.
  • Buckland, S.T. (2006) Point-transect surveys for songbirds: robust methodologies. Auk, 123, 345357.
  • Buckland, S.T., Anderson, D.R., Burnham, K.P., Laake, J.L., Borchers, D.L. & Thomas, L. (2001) Introduction to Distance Sampling: Estimating Abundance of Biological Populations. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Burnham, K.P. & Anderson, D.R. (2004) Multimodel inference: understanding AIC and BIC in model selection. Sociological Methods and Research, 33, 261304.
  • Cheng, C.S., Auld, H., Li, G., Klaassen, J. & Li, Q. (2007) Possible impacts of climate change on freezing rain in south-central Canada using downscaled future climate scenarios. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 7, 7187.
  • Christensen, J.H., Hewitson, B., Busuioc, A., Chen, A., Gao, X., Held, R., Jones, R., Kolli, R.K., Kwon, W.-T., Laprise, R., Magaña Rueda, V., Mearns, L., Menéndez, C.G., Räisänen, J., Rinke, A., Sarr, A. & Whetton, P. (2007) Regional climate projections. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on climate change (eds S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor, H.L. Miller). pp. 847940. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Davis, A.J., Jenkinson, L.S., Lawton, J.H., Shorrocks, B. & Wood, S. (1998) Making mistakes when predicting shifts in species range in response to global warming. Nature, 391, 783786.
  • Folland, C.K., Karl, T.R. & Christy, J.R. et al. (2001) Observed climate variability and change. Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (eds J.T. Houghton et al. ). pp. 99181. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Grosbois, V., Gimenez, O., Gaillard, J.M., Pradel, R., Barbraud, C., Clobert, J., Møller, A.P. & Weimerskirch, H. (2008) Assessing the impact of climate variation on survival in vertebrate populations. Biological Reviews, 83, 357399.
  • Guptill, S.C., Julian, K.G., Campbell, G.L., Price, S.D. & Marfin, A.A. (2003) Early-season avian deaths from West Nile virus as warnings of human infection. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 9, 483484.
  • Hannah, L., Midgely, G.F. & Millar, D. (2002) Climate-change integrated conservation strategies. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 11, 485495.
  • Harrington, R., Woiwod, I. & Sparks, T. (1999) Climate change and trophic interactions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 14, 146150.
  • Hellum, A.K. & Barker, N.A. (1981) The relationship of lodgepole pine cone age and seed extractability. Forest Science, 27, 6270.
  • Jenouvrier, S., Caswell, H., Barbraud, C., Holland, M., Stroeve, J. & Weimerskirch, H. (2009) Demographic models and IPCC climate projections predict the decline of an emperor penguin population. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 106, 18441847.
  • Jiguet, F., Godot, A.-S., Julliard, R., Newson, S.E. & Couvet, D. (2007) Climate envelope, life history traits and the resilience of birds facing global change. Global Change Biology, 13, 16721684.
  • Jones, T. & Cresswell, W. (2010) The phenology mismatch hypothesis: are declines of migrant birds linked to uneven global climate change? Journal of Animal Ecology, 79, 98108.
  • Karl, T.R., Melillo, J.M. & Peterson, T.C. (2009) Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, USA.
  • Kilpatrick, A.M., LaDeau, S.L. & Marra, P.P. (2007) Ecology of West Nile virus transmission and its impact on birds in the western hemisphere. Auk, 124, 11211136.
  • Knapp, A.K. & Anderson, J.E. (1980) Effect of heat on germination of seeds from serotinous lodgepole pine cones. American Midland Naturalist, 104, 370372.
  • Kolb, P.F. & Robberecht, R. (1996) High temperature and drought stress effects on survival of Pinus ponderosa seedlings. Tree Physiology, 16, 665672.
  • Komar, N. (2003) West Nile virus: epidemiology and ecology in North America. Advances in Virus Research, 61, 185234.
  • Kotiaho, J.S., Kaitala, V., Komonen, A. & Päivinen, J. (2005) Predicting the risk of extinction from shared ecological characteristics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 102, 19631967.
  • LaDeau, S.L., Kilpatrick, A.M. & Marra, P.P. (2007) West Nile virus emergence and large-scale declines of North American bird populations. Nature, 447, 710714.
  • Latta, S.C. (2003) Effects of scaley-leg mite infestations on body condition and site fidelity of migratory warblers in the Dominican Republic. Auk, 120, 730743.
  • Lebreton, J.D., Burnham, K.P., Clobert, J. & Anderson, D.R. (1992) Modeling survival and testing biological hypotheses using marked animals: a unified approach with case studies. Ecological Monographs, 62, 67118.
  • Logan, J.A., Regniere, J. & Powell, J.A. (2003) Assessing the impacts of global warming on forest pest dynamics. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 1, 130137.
  • Møller, A.P., Rubolini, D. & Lehikoinen, A. (2008) Populations of migratory bird species that did not show a phenological response to climate change are declining. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 105, 1619516200.
  • Mysterud, A., Yoccoz, N.G., Stenseth, N.C. & Langvatn, R. (2000) Relationships between sex ratio, climate and density in red deer: the importance of spatial scale. Journal of Animal Ecology, 69, 959974.
  • Nathan, R. & Ne’eman, G. (2004) Spatiotemporal dynamics of recruitment in Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Miller). Plant Ecology, 171, 123137.
  • Nathan, R., Safriel, U.N., Noy-Meir, I. & Schiller, G. (1999) Seed release without fire in Pinus halepensis, a Mediterranean serotinous wind-dispersed tree. Journal of Ecology, 87, 659669.
  • Newton, I. (1998) Population Limitation in Birds. Academic Press, San Diego, California, USA.
  • Parmesan, C. (2006) Ecological and evolutionary responses to recent climate change. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 37, 637669.
  • Parmesan, C. & Yohe, G. (2003) A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems. Nature, 421, 3742.
  • Perry, D.A. & Lotan, J.E. (1979) A model of fire selection for serotiny in lodgepole pine. Evolution, 33, 958968.
  • Ringsby, T.H., Sæther, B.E., Jensen, H. & Engen, S. (2006) Demographic characteristics of extinction in a small, insular population of house sparrows in northern Norway. Conservation Biology, 20, 17611767.
  • Sæther, B.E. & Bakke, O. (2000) Avian life history variation and contribution of demographic traits to the population growth rate. Ecology, 81, 642653.
  • Sanderson, F.J., Donald, P.F., Pain, D.J., Burfield, I.J. & van Bommel, F.P.J. (2006) Long-term declines in Afro-Palearctic migrant birds. Biological Conservation, 131, 93105.
  • Sauer, J.R., Hines, J.E. & Fallon, J. (2008) The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966–2007, Version 5.15.2008. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, Maryland, USA.
  • Schwartz, M.W., Ahas, R. & Aasa, A. (2006b) Onset of spring starting earlier across the northern hemisphere. Global Change Biology, 12, 343351.
  • Schwartz, M.D. & Reiter, B.E. (2000) Changes in North American spring. International Journal of Climatology, 20, 929932.
  • Schwartz, M.W., Iverson, L.R., Prasad, A.M., Matthews, S.N. & O’Connor, R.J. (2006a) Predicting extinctions as a result of climate change. Ecology, 87, 16111615.
  • Shultz, S., Bradbury, R.B., Evans, K.L., Gregory, R.D. & Blackburn, T.M. (2005) Brain size and resource specialization predict long-term population trends in British birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B, 272, 23052311.
  • Sillett, T.S. & Holmes, R.T. (2002) Variation in survivorship of a migratory songbird throughout its annual cycle. Journal of Animal Ecology, 71, 296308.
  • Smith, J.W. & Benkman, C.W. (2007) A coevolutionary arms races causes ecological speciation in crossbills. American Naturalist, 169, 455465.
  • Stearns, S.C. (1992) The Evolution of Life Histories. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Stenseth, N.C., Mysterud, A., Ottersen, G., Hurrell, J.W., Chan, K.S. & Lima, M. (2002) Ecological effects of climate fluctuations. Science, 297, 12921296.
  • Sullivan, K.A. (1989) Predation and starvation: age-specific mortality in juvenile juncos (Junco phaenotus). Journal of Animal Ecology, 58, 275286.
  • Teste, F.P., Lieffers, V.J. & Landhäusser, S.M. (2011) Seed release in serotinous lodgepole pine forests after mountain pine beetle outbreak. Ecological Applications, 21, 150162.
  • Thomas, C.D., Cameron, A., Green, R.E., Bakkenes, M., Beaumont, L.J., Collingham, Y.C., Erasmus, B.F.N., de Siqueira, M.F., Grainger, A., Hannah, L., Hughes, L., Huntley, B., van Jaarsveld, A.S., Midgley, G.F., Miles, L., Ortega-Huerta, M.A., Peterson, A.T., Phillips, O.L. & Williams, S.E. (2004) Extinction risk from climate change. Nature, 427, 145148.
  • Thomas, L., Buckland, S.T., Rexstad, E.A., Laake, J.L., Strindberg, S., Hedley, S.L., Bishop, J.R.B., Marques, T.A. & Burnham, K.P. (2010) Distance software: design and analysis of distance sampling surveys for estimating population size. Journal of Applied Ecology, 47, 514.
  • Thompson, R.S., Hostetler, S.W., Bartlein, P.J. & Anderson, K.H. (1998) A Strategy for Assessing Potential Future Changes in Climate, Hydrology, and Vegetation in the Western United States. United States Geological Survey Circular 1153, Washington, DC.
  • Thomson, D.L., Baillie, S.R. & Peach, W.J. (1997) The demography and age-specific annual survival of song thrushes during periods of population stability and decline. Journal of Animal Ecology, 66, 414424.
  • Van der Putten, W.H., Macel, M. & Visser, M.E. (2010) Predicting species distribution and abundance responses to climate change: why it is essential to include biotic interactions across trophic levels. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, 365, 20252034.
  • Van Mantgem, P.J., Stephenson, N.L., Byrne, J.C., Daniels, L.D., Franklin, J.F., Fulé, P.Z., Harmon, M.E., Larson, A.J., Smith, J.M., Taylor, A.H. & Veblen, T.T. (2009) Widespread increase in tree mortality rates in the western United States. Science, 323, 521524.
  • Walther, G., Post, E., Convey, P., Menzel, A., Parmesan, C., Beebee, T.J.C., Fromentin, J.-M., Hoegh-Guldberg, O. & Bairlein, F. (2002) Ecological responses to recent climate change. Nature, 416, 389395.
  • Westerling, A.L., Hidalgo, H.G., Cayan, D.R. & Swetman, T.W. (2006) Warming and earlier spring increase western U.S. forest wildfire activity. Science, 313, 940943.
  • White, G.C. & Burnham, K.P. (1999) Program MARK: survival rate estimation from both live and dead encounters. Bird Study, 46, S120S139.