Appendix S1. Candidate model set.

Appendix S2. Code for maximum likelihoodestimation in R.

Data S1. Arroyo Toad Data.csv - data set usedin analyses.

Data S2. DMp(TSpTNspT).csv - design matrix fordetection parameters.

Data S3. DMp(D)e(D)T.csv - design matrix fortransition parameters.

Data S4. DMpsi(WNTnN).csv - design matrix forinitial occupancy parameters.

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jane2001_sm_MultiStateScript.R14KSupporting info item
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jane2001_sm_ArroyoToadData.csv27KSupporting info item
jane2001_sm_DMp-D-e-D-T.csv16KSupporting info item
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