SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Adams, C.E. & Thorpe, J.E. (1989) Photoperiod and temperature effects on early development and reproductive investment in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Aquaculture, 79, 403409.
  • Alm, G. (1959) Connection between maturity, size and age in fishes. Institute of Freshwater Research Drottningholm Report, 40, 5140.
  • Ando, H., Swanson, P. & Urano, A. (2003) Regulation of LH synthesis and release by GnRH and gonadal steroids in masu salmon. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 28, 6163.
  • Angilletta, M.J. & Dunham, A.E. (2003) The temperature-size rule in ectotherms: simple evolutionary explanations may not be general. The American Naturalist, 162, 332342.
  • Angilletta, M.J. & Sears, M.W. (2004) Evolution of thermal reaction norms for growth rate and body size in ectotherms: an introduction to the symposium. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 44, 401402.
  • Angilletta, M.J., Steury, T.D. & Sears, M.W. (2004) Temperature, growth rate, and body size in ectotherms: fitting pieces of a life-history puzzle. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 44, 498509.
  • Angilletta, M.J., Niewiarowski, P.H., Dunham, A.E., Leache, A.D. & Porter, W.P. (2004) Bergmann's clines in ectotherms: illustrating a life-history perspective with sceloporine lizards. The American Naturalist, 164, 169183.
  • Atkinson, D. (1994) Temperature and organism size – a biological law for ectotherms. Advances in Ecological Research, 25, 158.
  • Barot, S., Heino, M., Morgan, M.J. & Dieckmann, U. (2004a) Maturation of Newfoundland American plaice (Hippoglossoides platessoides): long-term trends in maturation reaction norms despite low fishing mortality? ICES Journal of Marine Science, 62, 5664.
  • Barot, S., Heino, M., O'Brien, L. & Dieckmann, U. (2004b) Long-term trend in the maturation reaction norm of two cod stocks. Ecological Applications, 4, 12541271.
  • Bates, D., Maechler, M. & Bolker, B. (2010) lme4: Linear Mixed-Effects Models Using S4 Classes. R package version 0.999375-35. http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=lme4.
  • Baum, D., Laughton, R., Armstrong, J.D. & Metcalfe, N.B. (2004) Altitudinal variation in the relationship between growth and maturation rate in salmon parr. Journal of Animal Ecology, 73, 253260.
  • Beckerman, A.P., Rodgers, G.M. & Dennis, S.R. (2010) The reaction norm of size and age at maturity under multiple predation risk. Journal of Animal Ecology, 79, 10691076.
  • Berglund, I., Hansen, L.P., Lundqvist, H., Jonsson, B., Eriksson, T. & Thorpe, J.E. (1991) Effects of elevated winter temperature on seawater adaptability, sexual rematuration and downstream migratory behaviour in mature male Atlantic salmon parr (Salmo salar). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 48, 10411047.
  • Berrigan, D. & Charnov, E.L. (1994) Reaction norms for age and size at maturity in response to temperature: a puzzle for life historians. Oikos, 70, 474478.
  • Cerdá, J., Zanuy, S., Carrillo, M., Ramos, J. & Serrano, R. (1995) Short- and long-term dietary effects on female sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax): seasonal changes in plasma profiles of lipids and sex steroids in relation to reproduction. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part C, 111, 8391.
  • Charnov, E.L. (1993) Life History Invariants. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Chittenden, C.M., Jensen, J., Ewart, D., Anderson, S., Balfry, S., Downey, E., Eaves, A., Saksida, S., Smith, B., Vincent, S., Welch, D.W. & McKinley, R.S. (2010) Recent salmon declines: a result of lost feeding opportunities due to bad timing? PLoS ONE, 5, e12423.
  • Consuegra, S., García de Leániz, C., Serdio, A. & Verspoor, E. (2005) Selective exploitation of early running fish may induce genetic and phenotypic changes in Atlantic salmon. Journal of Fish Biology, 67(Suppl A), 130146.
  • Daufresne, M., Lengfellner, K. & Sommer, U. (2009) Global warming benefits the small in aquatic ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, 106, 1278812793.
  • Day, T. & Rowe, L. (2002) Developmental thresholds and the evolution of reaction norms for age and size at life-history transitions. The American Naturalist, 159, 338350.
  • Dempson, J.B., Schwarz, C.J., Reddin, D.G., O'Connell, M.F., Mullins, C.C. & Bourgeois, C.E. (2001) Estimation of marine exploitation rates on Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) stocks in Newfoundland. Canada. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 58, 331341.
  • Duquette, L.S. & Millar, J.S. (1995) The effect of supplemental food on life history traits and demography of a tropical mouse Peromyscus mexicanus. Journal of Animal Ecology, 64, 348360.
  • Duston, J. & Saunders, R.L. (1999) Effect of winter food deprivation on growth and maturity of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in sea water. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 56, 201207.
  • Engelhard, G.H. & Heino, M. (2004) Maturity changes in Norwegian spring-spawning herring Clupea harengus: compensatory or evolutionary responses? Marine Ecology Progress Series, 272, 245256.
  • Finstad, A.G. & Jonsson, B. (2012) Effect of incubation temperature on growth performance of juvenile Atlantic salmon. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 454, 7582.
  • Fleming, I.A. (1996) Reproductive strategies of Atlantic salmon: ecology and evolution. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 6, 379416.
  • Fleming, I.A., Jonsson, B. & Gross, M.R. (1994) Phenotypic divergence of sea-ranched, farmed and wild salmon. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 51, 28082824.
  • Fleming, I.A., Jonsson, B., Gross, M.R. & Lamberg, A. (1996) Experimental tests of the reproductive impact of farmed on wild Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Journal of Applied Ecology, 33, 893905.
  • Gross, M.R. (1985) Disruptive selection for alternative life histories. Nature, 313, 4748.
  • Hansen, L.P., Jonsson, B., Morgan, R.I.G. & Thorpe, J.E. (1989) Influence of parr maturity on emigration of smolts of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 46, 410415.
  • Heath, D.D., Rankin, L., Bryden, C.A., Heath, J.W. & Shrimpton, J.M. (2002) Heritability and Y-chromosome influence in the jack male life history of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Heredity, 89, 311317.
  • Hutchings, J.A. & Myers, R.A. (1988) Mating success of alternative maturation phenotypes in male Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. Oecologia, 75, 169174.
  • Johansson, F. & Andersson, J. (2009) Scared fish get lazy, and lazy fish get fat. Journal of Animal Ecology, 78, 772777.
  • Johnsson, J.I. & Bohlin, T. (2006) The cost of catching up: increased winter mortality following structural growth compensation in the wild. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 273, 12811286.
  • Jones, M.W. & Hutchings, J.A. (2002) Individual variation in Atlantic salmon fertilization success: implications for effective population size. Ecological Applications, 12, 184193.
  • Jones, J.W. & King, G.M. (1952) The spawning of male salmon parr (Salmo salar Linn, juv). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 122, 615619.
  • Jonsson, N., Hansen, L.P. & Jonsson, B. (1993) Migratory behaviour and growth of hatchery-reared post-smolt Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. Journal of Fish Biology, 42, 435443.
  • Jonsson, N. & Jonsson, B. (2003) Energy density and content of Atlantic salmon: variation among developmental stages and types of spawners. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 60, 506516.
  • Jonsson, B. & Jonsson, N. (2004) Factors affecting marine production of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 61, 23692383.
  • Jonsson, B. & Jonsson, N. (2005) Lipid energy reserves influence life history decision of salmonid parr. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 14, 296301.
  • Jonsson, B. & Jonsson, N. (2009) A review of the likely effects of climate change on anadromous Atlantic salmon Salmo salar and brown trout Salmo trutta, with particular reference to water temperature and flow. Journal of Fish Biology, 75, 23812447.
  • Jonsson, B. & Jonsson, N. (2011) Ecology of Atlantic Salmon and Brown Trout: Habitat as a Template for Life Histories. Fish and Fisheries Series 33, Springer, Dordrecht.
  • Jonsson, B., Jonsson, N. & Hansen, L.P. (1990) Does juvenile experience affect migration and spawning of adult Atlantic salmon. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology, 26, 225230.
  • Jonsson, N., Jonsson, B. & Hansen, L.P. (1991) Energetic cost of spawning of male and female Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Journal of Fish Biology, 39, 739744.
  • Jonsson, N., Jonsson, B. & Hansen, L.P. (1997) Changes in proximate composition and estimates of energetic costs during upstream migration and spawning in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar. Journal of Animal Ecology, 66, 425436.
  • Jonsson, N., Jonsson, B. & Hansen, L.P. (2003) Marine survival and growth of sea ranched and wild Atlantic salmon. Journal of Applied Ecology, 40, 900911.
  • Jonsson, B., L'Abèe-Lund, J.H., Heggberget, T.G., Jensen, A.J., Johnsen, B.O., Næsje, T.F. & Sættem, L.M. (1991) Longevity, body size and growth in anadromous brown trout. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 48, 18381845.
  • Jonsson, B., Forseth, T., Jensen, A.J. & Næsje, T.F. (2001) Thermal performance in juvenile Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. Functional Ecology, 15, 701711.
  • Karlsson, B. & Wicklund, C. (2005) Butterfly life history and temperature adaptations; dry open habitats select for increased fecundity and longevity. Journal of Animal Ecology, 74, 93104.
  • Koseki, Y. & Fleming, I.A. (2006) Spatio-temporal dynamics of alternative male phenotypes in coho salmon populations in response to ocean environment. Journal of Animal Ecology, 75, 445455.
  • Lundqvist, H. & Fridberg, G. (1982) Sexual maturation versus immaturity: different tactics with adaptive values in Baltic salmon (Salmo salar L.) male smolts. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 60, 18221827.
  • Mair, W., Goymer, P., Pletcher, S.D. & Partridge, L. (2003) Demography of dietary restriction and death in Drosophila. Science, 301, 17311733.
  • Marker, T., Andreassen, P., Arashkewich, E. & Hansen, B.W. (2003) Lipid deposition and sexual maturation in cohorts of Calanus finmarchicus (Gunnerus) originating from Bergen (60°N) and Tromsø (69°N) reared in Tromsø, Norway. Marine Biology, 143, 283296.
  • McAdam, A.C. & Millar, J.S. (1999) Dietary protein constraint on age at maturity: an experimental test with wild deer mice. Journal of Animal Ecology, 68, 733740.
  • McCullagh, P. & Nelder, J.A. (1983) Generalized Linear Models. Chapman and Hall, London.
  • Metcalfe, N.B. (1998) The interaction between behaviour and physiology in determining life history patterns in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 55(Suppl 1), 93103.
  • Metcalfe, N.B. & Monaghen, P. (2003) Growth versus lifespan: perspectives from evolutionary ecology. Experimental Gerontology, 38, 935940.
  • Moe, B., Brunvoll, S., Mork, D., Brobakk, T.E. & Bech, C. (2004) Developmental plasticity of physiology and morphology in diet-restricted European shag nestlings (Phalacrocorax aristotelis). Journal of Experimental Biology, 207, 40674076.
  • Mollet, F.M., Kraak, S.B.M. & Rijnstorp, A.D. (2007) Fisheries-induced evolutionary changes in maturation reaction norms in North Sea sole Solea solea. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 351, 189199.
  • Morey, S. & Reznick, D. (2000) A comparative analysis of plasticity in larval development in three species of spadefoot toads. Ecology, 81, 17361749.
  • Morita, K. & Fukuwaka, M. (2007) Why age and size at maturity have changed in Pacific salmon. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 335, 289294.
  • Morita, K. & Morita, S.H. (2002) Rule of age and size at maturity: individual variation in the maturation history of resident white-spotted charr. Journal of Fish Biology, 61, 12301238.
  • Morita, K., Tsuboi, J. & Nagasawa, T. (2009) Plasticity in probabilistic reaction norms for maturation in a salmonid fish. Biology Letters, 5, 628631.
  • Myers, R.A. & Hutchings, J.A. (1987) Mating of anadromous Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., with mature male parr. Journal of Fish Biology, 31, 143146.
  • Ohlberger, J., Edeline, E., Vøllestad, L.A., Stenseth, N.C. & Claessen, D. (2011) Temperature-driven regime shifts in the dynamics of size-structured populations. The American Naturalist, 177, 211223.
  • Olsen, E.M., Heino, M., Lilly, G.R., Morgan, M.J., Bratty, J., Ernande, B. & Dieckmann, U. (2004) Maturation trends indicative of rapid evolution preceded the collapse of northern cod. Nature, 428, 932935.
  • Partridge, L. & Coyne, J.A. (1997) Bergmann's rule in ectotherms – is it adaptive? Evolution, 51, 632635.
  • Perrin, N. (1995) About Berrigan and Charnov's life history puzzle. Oikos, 73, 137139.
  • Plaistow, S.J., Lapsley, C.T., Beckerman, A.P. & Benton, T.G. (2004) Age and size at maturity: sex, environmental variability and developmental thresholds. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B, 271, 919924.
  • Pörtner, H.O., Mark, F.C. & Bock, C. (2004) Oxygen limited thermal tolerance in fish? Answers obtained by nuclear magnetic resonance techniques. Respiration Physiology and Neurobiology, 141, 243260.
  • R Development Core Team (2009) R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. http://www.r-project.org.
  • Reddish, J.M., Nestor, K.E. & Lilburn, M.S. (2003) Effect of selection for growth on onset of sexual maturity in randombred and growth-selected lines of Japanese quail. Poultry Science, 82, 187191.
  • Roff, D. (2007) The evolution of trade-offs: where are we? Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 20, 433447.
  • Saunders, R.L., Henderson, E.B. & Glebe, B.D. (1982) Precocious sexual maturation and smoltification in male Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Aquaculture, 28, 211229.
  • Schaffer, W.M. (1974) Selection for optimal life history: the effects of age structure. Ecology, 55, 291303.
  • Taylor, E.B. (1991) A review of local adaptation in salmonids, with special reference to Pacific and Atlantic salmon. Aquaculture, 98, 185207.
  • Thorpe, J.E. & Morgan, R.I.G. (1980) Growth-rate and smolting-rate of progeny of male Atlantic salmon parr, Salmo salar. Journal of Fish Biology, 17, 451459.
  • Thorpe, J.E., Mangel, M., Metcalfe, N.B. & Huntingford, F.A. (1998) Modelling the proximate basis of salmonid life-history variation, with application to Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. Evolutionary Ecology, 12, 581599.
  • Todd, C.D., Hughes, S.L., Marshall, C.T., MacLean, J.C., Lonergan, M.E. & Biuw, E.M. (2008) Detrimental effects of recent ocean surface warming on growth condition of Atlantic salmon. Climate Change Biology, 14, 958970.
  • Weir, L.K., Hutchings, J.A., Fleming, I.A. & Einum, S. (2005) Spawning behaviour and success of mature male Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) parr of farmed and wild origin. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 62, 11531160.
  • Zera, A.J. & Harshman, L.G. (2001) The physiology of life history trade-offs in animals. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 32, 95126.
  • Zuur, A.F., Ieno, E.N. & Meesters, E. (2009) A Beginner's Guide to R. Springer Science, Dordrecht.