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FilenameFormatSizeDescription
jane2023-sup-0001-AppendixS1.xlsapplication/msexcel83KAppendix S1. Operophtera brumata outbreaks by decade and geographical position, with references.
jane2023-sup-0002-AppendixS2.xlsapplication/msexcel47KAppendix S2. Operophtera brumata outbreaks by distances to baselines.
jane2023-sup-0003-AppendixS3.xlsapplication/msexcel85KAppendix S3. France, trap data for Operophtera brumata 1990–2005.
jane2023-sup-0004-FigS1-S4.pdfapplication/PDF6037KFig. S1. Map of France showing trapping plots and strips. Fig. S2. Progress of Operophtera brumata outbreaks in France 1990–2005. Fig. S3. Maps of the Netherlands showing heavy, moderate and light defoliation by Operophtera brumata in the 1990s. Fig. S4. Map showing biogeographical zonation of Europe.

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