SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

  • Allen, W.A. & Pienkowski, R.L. (1975) Life tables for the frit fly, Oscinella frit, in reed canarygrass in Virginia. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 68, 10011007.
  • Anonymous (1993) Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics 1993. Statistics Sweden: Halmstad , Sweden .
  • Bakke, A. (1992) Monitoring hark beetle populations: effects of temperature. Journal of Applied Entomology, 114, 208211.
  • Blackshaw, R.P. & Perry, J.N. (1994) Predicting leatherjacket population frequencies in Northern Ireland. Annals of Applied Biology, 124, 213219.
  • Clements, R.O., Chapman, P.F. & Henderson, I.F. (1983) Seasonal distribution of stem-boring larvae including frit fly (Diptera: Oscinella frit L.) and pest damage in perennial ryegrass. Grass and Forage Science, 38, 283286.
  • Day, R.K. & Knight, J.D. (1994) Operational aspects of forecasting migrant insect pests. Insect Migration: Tracking Resources Through Space and Time (eds. V.A.Drake & A.G.Gatehouse), pp. 323334. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge , UK .
  • Edwards, R.L. (1964) Some ecological factors affecting the grasshopper populations of western Canada. The Cunadian Entomologist, 96, 307320.
  • Harrington, R., Tatchell, G.M. & Bale, J.S. (1990) Weather, life cycle strategy and spring populations of aphids. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 25, 423432.
  • Henderson, I.F. & Clements, R.O. (1977) Grass growth in different parts of England in relation to invertebrate numbers and pesticide treatment. Journal of the British Grassland Society, 32, 8998.
  • Jepson, W.F. & Heard, A.J. (1959) The frit fly and allied stem-boring Diptera in winter wheat and host grasses. Annals of Applied Biology, 41, 114130.
  • Johnson, C.G. & Taylor, L.R. (1955) The development of large suction traps for airborne insects. Annals of Applied Biology, 43, 5161.
  • Johnson, C.G., Taylor, L.R. & Southwood, T.R.E. (1962) High altitude migration of Oscinella frit L. (Diptera: Chloropidae). Journal of Animal Ecology, 31, 373383.
  • Jonasson, T. (1977) Frit fly Oscinella frit oviposition on oat seedlings: ecological significance of the host plant selection. Oikos, 29, 104111.
  • Kingsolver, J.G. (1989) Weather and the population dynamics of insects: integrating physiological and population ecology. Physiological Zoology, 62, 314334.
  • Larsson, H.A. (1984) Frit fly (Oscinella frit L.) damage in oats and its chemical control by synthetic pyrethroids. Zeitschrft für Angewandte Entomologie, 91, 470480.
  • Lindblad, M. (1997) Dynamics and forecasting of frit fly populations in Sweden. PhD Thesis, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
  • Lindblad, M. & Sigvald, R. (1996) A degree-day model for regional prediction of first occurrence of frit flies in oats in Sweden. Crop Protection, 15, 559565.
  • Masterman, A.J., Foster, G.N., Holmes, S.J. & Harrington, R. (1996) The use of Lamb daily weather types and the indices of progressiveness, southerliness and cyclonicity to investigate the autumn migration of Rhopalosiphum padi. Journal of Applied Ecology, 33, 2330.
  • Mattson, W.J. & Haack, R.A. (1987) The role of drought stress in provoking outbreaks of phytophagous insects. Insect Outbreaks (eds. P.Barbosa & J.C.Schultz), pp. 365410. Academic Press, New York , NY .
  • Neter, J., Kutner, M.H., Nachtsheim, C.J. & Wasserman, W. (1996) Applied Linear Statistical Models. IRWIN: Chicago , Ill. , USA .
  • Nielsen, L.B. (1985) Differential flight behaviour of Oscinella spp. (Diptera, Chloropidae). Zeitschrift für Angewundte Entomologie, 100, 392398.
  • Nielsen, L.B. & Nielsen, B.O. (1984) Oscinella frit (L.) and Oscinella pusilla (Mg) (Diptera, Chloropidae) in agricultural grass in Denmark. Zeitschrift, für Angewandte Entomologie, 98, 264275.
  • Ohnesorge, B. (1973) Beobachtungen iiber den Einfluss der Witterung auf den Verlauf des Fritfliegenfluges, Zeitschrifi, fur Pflanzenkrankheitcn und Pfianzenschutz. 5, 246254.
  • Oschmann, M. (1974) Zur Biologie, Okologie und Ethologie der Fritfliege (Oscinellafrit L., Dipt., Chloropidae). Archic fur Phytopathologie und Pflan-enschutz. Berlin, 10, 103116.
  • Oschmann, M. (1979) Der Einfluss der Witterung auf die Populationsentwicklungder Frühjahrsgeneration der Fritfliege (Oscinella frit L.). Archir für Phytopathologie und Pflanzenschutz, Berlin, 15, 415419.
  • Riggert, E. (1935) Zur Kenntnis der Lebensgewohnheiten von Oscinella frit L. und ihrer Jugendstadien. Arheiten Üher Physiologische und Angeivunrfte Enfonzologie Aus Beriin-Dahlem, 2, 101156.
  • Royama, T. (1992) Analytical Population Dynamics. Chapman & Hall: London , UK .
  • Shipiro, L.D. & Vilkova, N.A. (1963) Oviposition sites of the frit fly, Oscinella frit L. (Diptera, Chloropidae). Entomological Review Washington, 42, 7480.
  • Sigvald, R. & Gustafsson, G. (1993) Forecasting and warning systems for pests and diseases in Sweden. SP-Report, Danish Institute of Plant and Soil Science, 1, 2331.
  • Solbreck, C. (1995) Long-term population dynamics of a seed-feeding insect in a landscape perspective. Population Dynamics (eds. N.Cappucino & P.W.Price), pp. 279301. Academic Press, London , UK .
  • Southwood, T.R.E. (1977) The relevance of population dynamics to pest status. Origins of Pest, Parasite, Disease and Weed Problems (eds. J.M.Cherret & G.R.Sagar), pp. 3554. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford , UK .
  • Southwood, T.R.E. & Jepson, W.F. (1962a) The productivity of grasslands in England for Oscinella frit (L.) (Chloropidae) and other stem-boring Diptera. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 10, 103116.
  • Southwood, T.R.E. & Jepson, W.F. (196211) Studies on the population of Oscinella. frit L. (Dipt: Chloropidae) in the oat crop. Journal of Animal Ecology, 31, 481495.
  • Strickland, A.H. (1958) Frit-fly attack and yield of oats. Ann of Applied Biology, 46, 486493.
  • Taylor, L.R. (1963) Analysis of the effect of temperature on insects in flight. Journal of Animal Ecology, 32, 99117.
  • Taylor, L.R. (1973) Monitoring change in distribution and abundance of insects. Report of the Rothamsred Experimental Station for 1972, 2, 202239.
  • Taylor, L.R. (1977) Aphid forecasting and the Rothamsted Insect Survey. Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society of England, 138, 7597.
  • Umoru, P.A., Bale, J.S. & Shorrocks, B. (1990) Predicting the time of emergence of frit fly (Oscinella frit L.) (Dipt., Chloropidae) in northern England. Journal of Applied Entomology, 109, 377384.
  • Way, M.J., Cammell, M.E., Taylor, L.R. & Woiwod, I.P. (1981) The use of egg counts and suction trap samples to forecast the infestation of spring-sown field beans, Vicia faba, by the black bean aphid, Aphis fahae. Annuls of Applied Biology, 98, 2134.
  • White, T.C.R. (1984) The abundance of invertebrate herbivores in relation to the availability of nitrogen in stressed food plants. Oecologia, 63, 90105.
  • Wiktelius, S. (1982) Flight phenology of cereal aphids and possibilities of using suction trap catches as an aid in forecasting outbreaks. Swedish Journal of Agricultural Research, 12, 916.
  • Woiwod, I.P. & Harrington, R. (1994) Flying in the face of change: the Rothamsted Insect Survey. Long-Term Experiments in Agricultural and Ecological Sciences (eds. R.A.Leigh & A.E.Johnston), pp. 321341. CAB International, wallingford , UK .
  • Worner, S.P., Tatchell, G.M. & Woiwod, I.P. (1995) Predicting spring migration of the damson-hop aphid Phorodon humuli (Homoptera: Aphididae) from historical records of host-plant flowering phenology and weather. Journal of Applied Ecology, 32, 1728.