SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Allan, J.D. (1975) Components of diversity. Oecologia, 18, 359367.
  • Auerbach, M. & Shmida, A. (1987) Spatial scale and the determinants of plant species richness. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 2, 238242.
  • Bischoff, A. & Mahn, E.-G. (2000) The effects of nitrogen and diaspore availability on the regeneration of weed communities following extensification. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 77, 237246.
  • Buhler, D.D. (1995) Influence of tillage systems on weed population dynamics and management in corn and soybean in the central USA. Crop Science, 35, 12471258.
  • Crist, T.O., Veech, J.A., Gering, J.C. & Summerville, K.S. (2003) Partitioning species diversity across landscapes and regions: a hierarchical analysis of α, β, and γ diversity. American Naturalist, 162, 734743.
  • Ellenberg, H. (1988) Vegetation Ecology of Central Europe, 4th edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2001) FAO Statistical Databases. FAO, Rome, Italy. http://apps.fao.org/ .
  • Garve, E. (1993) Rote Liste der gefährdeten Farn- und Blütenpflanzen in Niedersachsen und Bremen. Informationsdienst Naturschutz Niedersachsen, 1/93, 47.
  • Garve, E. & Letschert, D. (1991) Liste der wildwachsenden Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Niedersachsens. 1. Fassung vom 31·12, 1990. Naturschutz und Landschaftspflege in Niedersachsen, 24, 154.
  • Gering, J.C. & Crist, T.O. (2002) The alpha–beta–regional relationship: providing new insights into local–regional patterns of species richness and scale dependence of diversity components. Ecology Letters, 5, 433444.
  • Gering, J.C., Crist, T.O. & Veech, J.A. (2003) Additive partitioning of species diversity across multiple scales: implications for regional conservation of biodiversity. Conservation Biology, 17, 488499.
  • Gerowitt, B. (2003) Development and control of weeds in arable farming systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 98, 247254.
  • Grime, J.P. (1979) Plant Strategies and Vegetation Processes. Wiley, Chichester, UK.
  • Hald, A.B. (1999) Weed vegetation (wild flora) of long established organic versus conventional cereal fields in Denmark. Annals of Applied Biology, 134, 307314.
  • Hofmeister, H. & Garve, E. (1998) Lebensraum Acker, 2nd edn. Parey, Berlin, Germany.
  • Hole, D.G., Perkins, A.J., Wilson, J.D., Alexander, I.H., Grice, P.V. & Evans, A.D. (2005) Does organic farming benefit biodiversity? Biological Conservation, 122, 113130.
  • Holl, K.D. & Crone, E.E. (2004) Applicability of landscape and island biogeography theory to restoration of riparian understorey plants. Journal of Applied Ecology, 41, 922933.
  • Hutton, S.A. & Giller, P.S. (2003) The effects of the intensification of agriculture on northern temperate dung beetle communities. Journal of Applied Ecology, 40, 9941007.
  • Hyvönen, T. & Salonen, J. (2002) Weed species diversity and community composition in cropping practices at two intensity levels: a six-year experiment. Plant Ecology, 154, 7381.
  • Hyvönen, T., Ketoja, E., Salonen, J., Jalli, H. & Tiainen, J. (2003) Weed species diversity and community composition in organic and conventional cropping of spring cereals. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 97, 131149.
  • Jedicke, E. (1997) Die Roten Listen. Gefährdete Pflanzen, Tiere, Pflanzengesellschaften und Biotope in Bund und Ländern. E. Ulmer, Stuttgart, Germany.
  • Kästner, A., Jäger, E. & Schubert, R. (2001) Handbuch der Segetalpflanzen Mitteleuropas. Springer, Wien, Austria.
  • Kleijn, D. & Sutherland, W.J. (2003) How effective are European agri-environment schemes in conserving and promoting biodiversity? Journal of Applied Ecology, 40, 947969.
  • Kleijn, D., Berendse, F., Smit, R. & Gilissen, N. (2001) Agri-environment schemes do not effectively protect biodiversity in Dutch agricultural landscapes. Nature, 413, 723725.
  • Korneck, D. & Sukopp, H. (1988) Rote Liste der in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland ausgestorbenen, verschollenen und gefährdeten Farn- und Blütenpflanzen und ihre Auswertung für den Arten- und Biotopschutz. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde, 19 .
  • Korneck, D., Schnittler, M. & Vollmer, I. (1996) Rote Liste der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen (Pteridophyta et Spermatophyta) Deutschlands. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde, 28, 21187.
  • Krauss, J., Klein, A.M., Steffan-Dewenter, I. & Tscharntke, T. (2004) Effects of habitat area, isolation, and landscape diversity on plant species richness of calcareous grasslands. Biodiversity and Conservation, 13, 14271439.
  • Krauss, J., Steffan-Dewenter, I. & Tscharntke, T. (2003) How does landscape context contribute to effects of habitat fragmentation on diversity and population density of butterflies? Journal of Biogeography, 30, 889900.
  • Krebs, J.R., Wilson, J.D., Bradbury, R.B. & Siriwardena, G.M. (1999) The second silent spring? Nature, 400, 611612.
  • Lande, R. (1996) Statistics and partitioning of species diversity, and similarity among multiple communities. Oikos, 76, 513.
  • Letourneau, D.K. & Goldstein, B. (2001) Pest damage and arthropod community structure in organic vs. conventional tomato production in California. Journal of Applied Ecology, 38, 557570.
  • Marshall, E.J.P., Brown, V.K., Boatman, N.D., Lutman, P.J.W., Squire, G.R. & Ward, L.K. (2003) The role of weeds in supporting biological diversity within crop fields. Weed Research, 43, 7789.
  • Menalled, F.D., Gross, K.L. & Hammond, M. (2001) Weed aboveground and seedbank community responses to agricultural management systems. Ecological Applications, 11, 15861601.
  • Menalled, F.D., Marino, P.C., Gage, S.H. & Landis, D.A. (1999) Does agricultural landscape structure affect parasitism and parasitoid diversity? Ecological Applications, 9, 634641.
  • Moreby, S.J., Aebischer, N.J., Southway, S.E. & Sotherton, N.W. (1994) A comparison of the flora and arthropod fauna of organically and conventionally grown winter-wheat in southern England. Annals of Applied Biology, 125, 1327.
  • Palmer, M.W. (1992) The coexistence of species in fractal landscapes. American Naturalist, 139, 375397.
  • Pinheiro, J.C. & Bates, D.M. (2000) Mixed Effect Models in S and S-Plus. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.
  • R Development Core Team (2004) R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. http://www.R-project.org .
  • Rew, L.J., Froud-Williams, R.J. & Boatman, N.D. (1996) Dispersal of Bromus sterilis and Anthriscus sylvestris seed within arable field margins. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 59, 107114.
  • Roschewitz, I., Thies, C. & Tscharntke, T. (2005) Are landscape complexity and farm specialisation related to land-use intensity of annual crop fields? Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 105, 8799.
  • Schmidt, M.H., Roschewitz, I., Thies, C. & Tscharntke, T. (2005) The differential effects of landscape and management on diversity and density of ground-dwelling farmland spiders. Journal of Applied Ecology, 42, 281287.
  • Shmida, A. & Wilson, M.V. (1985) Biological determinants of species diversity. Journal of Biogeography, 12, 121.
  • Sokal, R.R. & Rohlf, F.J. (1995) Biometry, 3rd edn. Freeman Co., New York, NY.
  • Statistical Graphics Corp. (2001) Statgraphics Plus, Version 5·1. Statistical Graphics Corp., Rockville, MD, USA.
  • Tilman, D. (1982) Resource Competition and Community Structure. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
  • Tilman, D., Cassman, K.G., Matson, P.A., Naylor, R. & Polasky, S. (2002) Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices. Nature, 418, 671677.
  • Wagner, H.H., Wildi, O. & Ewald, K.C. (2000) Additive partitioning of plant species diversity in an agricultural mosaic landscape. Landscape Ecology, 15, 219227.
  • Weibull, A.C., Östman, Ö. & Granqvist, A. (2003) Species richness in agroecosystems: the effect of landscape, habitat and farm management. Biodiversity and Conservation, 12, 13351355.
  • Wilson, P.J. & Aebischer, N.J. (1995) The distribution of dicotyledonous arable weeds in relation to distance from the field edge. Journal of Applied Ecology, 32, 295310.
  • Wisskirchen, R. & Haeupler, H. (1998) Standardliste der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands. Ulmer, Stuttgart, Germany.