SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ackerly, D.D., Knight, S.B., Weiss, S.B., Barton, K. & Starmer, K.P. (2002) Leaf size, species leaf area and microhabitat distribution of chaparral woody plants: contrasting patterns in species level and community level analysis. Oecologia, 130, 449457.
  • Belsky, A.J. (1992) Effect of grazing, competition, disturbance and fire on species composition and diversity in grassland communities. Journal of Vegetation Science, 3, 187200.
  • Blomberg, S.P. & Garland, T. Jr (2002) Tempo and mode in evolution: phylogenetic inertia, adaptation and comparative methods. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 15, 899910.
  • De Bolòs, O., (1987) Cataluña y la depresión del Ebro. La Vegetación de España (eds M.Peinado & S.Rivas-Martinez), pp. 310347. Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain.
  • De Bolòs, O., Vigo, J., Masalles, R.M. & Ninot, J.M. (1993) Flora Manual Dels Paisos Catalans, 2nd edn. Pòrtic, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Ter Braak, C.J.F. & Šmilauer, P. (1998) Canoco Release 4. Reference Manual and User's Guide to Canoco for Windows: Software for Canonical Community Ordination. Microcomputer Power, Ithaca, NY.
  • Bullock, J.M., Franklin, J., Stevenson, M.K., Silvertown, J., Coulson, S.J., Gregory, S.J. & Tofts, R. (2001) A plant trait analysis of responses to grazing in a long-term experiment. Journal of Applied Ecology, 38, 253267.
  • Díaz, S. & Cabido, M. (2001) Vive la différence: plant functional diversity matters to ecosystem processes. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 16, 646655.
  • Díaz, S., Cabido, M. & Casanoves, F. (1998) Plant functional traits and environmental filters at a regional scale. Journal of Vegetation Science, 9, 113122.
  • Díaz, S., Cabido, M., Zak, M., Martinez Carretero, E. & Araníbar, J. (1999) Plant functional traits, ecosystem structure, and land-use history along a climatic gradient in central-western Argentina. Journal of Vegetation Science, 10, 651660.
  • Díaz, S., Noy-Meir, I. & Cabido, M. (2001) Can grazing response of herbaceous plants be predicted from simple vegetative traits? Journal of Applied Ecology, 38, 497508.
  • Fensham, R.J., Holman, J.E. & Cox, M.J. (1999) Plant species responses along a grazing disturbance gradient in Australian grassland. Journal of Vegetation Science, 10, 7786.
  • Fonseca, C.R., Overton, J.M., Collins, B. & Westoby, M. (2000) Shifts in trait-combinations along rainfall and phosphorus gradients. Journal of Ecology, 88, 964977.
  • Giménez, E., Melendo, M., Valle, F., Gómez-Mercado, F. & Cano, E. (2004) Endemic flora biodiversity in the south of the Iberian Peninsula: altitudinal distribution, life forms and dispersal modes. Biodiversity and Conservation, 13, 26412660.
  • Grime, J.P. (2001) Plant Strategies, Vegetation Processes and Ecosystem Properties, 2nd edn. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK.
  • Jauffret, S. & Lavorel, S. (2003) Are plant functional types relevant to describe degradation in arid Southern Tunisian steppe? Journal of Vegetation Science, 14, 399408.
  • Kleyer, M. (1995) Biological Traits of Vascular Plants. A Data Base. NF Bd. 2. (http://www.uni-oldenburg/landeco). Arbeitsberichte Institute f. Landschaftsplanung u. Ökologie Universität, Stuttgart, Germany.
  • Kuhn, I., Durka, W. & Klotz, S. (2004) BiolFlor: a new plant-trait database as a tool for plant invasion ecology. Diversity and Distributions, 10, 363365.
  • Landsberg, J., James, C.D., Maconochie, J., Nicholls, A.O., Stol, J. & Tynan, R. (2002) Scale-related effects of grazing on native plant communities in an arid rangeland region of South Australia. Journal of Applied Ecology, 39, 427444.
  • Lavorel, S. & Garnier, E. (2002) Predicting changes in community composition and ecosystem functioning from plant traits: revising the Holy Grail. Functional Ecology, 16, 545556.
  • Lavorel, S., Rochete, C. & Lebreton, J.D. (1999) Functional groups for response to disturbances in Mediterranean old fields. Oikos, 84, 450498.
  • Leaf Architecture Working Group (1999) Manual of leaf architecture – morphological description and categorization of dicotyledonous and net-veined monocotyledonous angiosperms. Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC, USA. ( http://www.peabody.yale.edu/collections/pb/pb_mla.html)
  • Lepš, J. & Šmilauer, P. (2003) Multivariate Analysis of Ecological Data Using canoco. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • McIntyre, S. & Lavorel, S. (2001) Livestock grazing in subtropical pastures: steps in the analysis of attribute response and plant functional types. Journal of Ecology, 89, 209226.
  • McIntyre, S., Lavorel, S., Landsberg, J. & Forbes, T.D.A. (1999) Disturbance response in vegetation: towards a global perspective on functional traits. Journal of Vegetation Science, 10, 621630.
  • Milchunas, D.G., Sala, O.E. & Lauenroth, W.K. (1988) A generalized model of the effect of grazing by large herbivores on grassland community structure. American Naturalist, 132, 87106.
  • Noy-Meir, I., Gutman, M. & Kaplan, Y. (1989) Responses of Mediterranean grassland plants to grazing and protection. Journal of Ecology, 77, 290310.
  • Osem, Y., Perevolotsky, A. & Kigel, J. (2004) Site productivity and plant size explain the response of annual species to grazing exclusion in a Mediterranean semi-arid rangeland. Journal of Ecology, 92, 297309.
  • Pakeman, R.J. (2004) Consistency of plant species and trait responses to grazing along a productivity gradient: a multi-site analysis. Journal of Ecology, 92, 893905.
  • Pausas, J.G., Rusch, G.M. & Lepš, J. (2003) Plant functional types in relation to disturbance and land use. Journal of Vegetation Science, 14, 305416.
  • Pavlů, V., Hejcman, M.L. & Gaisler, J. (2003) Effect of rotational and continuous grazing on vegetation of an upland grassland in the Jizerské hory Mts, Czech republic. Folia Geobotanica, 38, 2134.
  • Perevolotsky, A. & Seligman, N.G. (1998) Role of grazing in Mediterranean rangeland ecosystems. Bioscience, 48, 10071017.
  • Prach, K., Pyšek, P. & Šmilauer, P. (1997) Changes in species traits during succession: a search for pattern. Oikos, 79, 201205.
  • Price, T. (1997) Correlated evolution and independent contrasts. Philosophical Transactions: Biological Science, 352, 519529.
  • Prinzing, A., Durka, W., Klotz, S. & Brandl, R. (2002) Which species become aliens? Evolutionary Ecology Research, 4, 385405.
  • R Development Core Team (2004) R – a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. ( http://www.R-project.org)
  • Rook, A.J., Dumont, B., Isselstein, J., Osoro, K., WallisDeVries, M.F., Parente, G. & Mills, J. (2004) Matching type of livestock to desired biodiversity outcomes in pastures: a review. Biological Conservation, 119, 137150.
  • Sebastià, M.T. (2004) Role of topography and soils in grassland structuring at the landscape and community scales. Basic and Applied Ecology, 5, 331346.
  • Sebastià, M.T., Canals, R.M. & Gamarra, J.G.P. (1998) After sigmatism: what we learned about spatiotemporal changes in grassland communities after 10 years. Acta Botanica Barcinonensia, 45, 587602.
  • Smith, T.M., Shugart, H.H. & Woodward, F.I. (1997) Plant Functional Types: Their Relevance to Ecosystem Properties and Global Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Venables, W.N. & Ripley, B.D. (2002) Modern Applied Statistics with S, 4th edn. Springer, New York, NY.
  • Vesk, P.A., Leishman, M.R. & Westoby, M. (2004) Simple traits do not predict grazing response in Australian dry shrublands and woodlands. Journal of Applied Ecology, 41, 2231.
  • Webb, O.C., Ackerly, D.D., McPeek, M.A. & Donoghue, M.J. (2002) Phylogenies and community ecology. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 33, 475505.
  • Westoby, M., Leishman, M. & Lord, J. (1995) On misinterpreting the ‘phylogenetic correction’. Journal of Ecology, 83, 531534.