SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aitkin, M., Anderson, D., Francis, B. & Hinde, J. (1989) Statistical Modelling in GLIM. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Akcakaya, H.R. & Raphael, M.G. (1998) Assessing human impact despite uncertainty: viability of the northern spotted owl metapopulation in the northwestern USA. Biodiversity and Conservation, 7, 875894.
  • Allen, R.B. & Lee, W.G. (1989) Seedling establishment microsites of exotic conifers in Chionochloa rigida tussock grassland, Otago, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany, 27, 491498.
  • Buckley, Y.M., Briese, D.T. & Rees, M. (2003a) Demography and management of the invasive plant species Hypericum perforatum. II. Construction and use of an individual-based model to predict population dynamics and the effects of management strategies. Journal of Applied Ecology, 40, 494507.
  • Buckley, Y.M., Briese, D.T. & Rees, M. (2003b) Demography and management of the invasive plant species Hypericum perforatum. I. Using multi-level mixed-effects models for characterizing growth, survival and fecundity in a long-term data set. Journal of Applied Ecology, 40, 481493.
  • Buckley, Y.M., Rees, M., Paynter, Q. & Lonsdale, W.M. (2004) Modelling integrated weed management of an invasive shrub in tropical Australia. Journal of Applied Ecology, 41, 547560.
  • Caswell, H. (2001) Matrix Population Models: Construction, Analysis and Interpretation, 2nd edn. Sinauer Associates Inc., Sunderland, MA.
  • Caswell, H., Brault, S., Read, A.J. & Smith, T.D. (1998) Harbor porpoise and fisheries: an uncertainty analysis of incidental mortality. Ecological Applications, 8, 12261238.
  • Caswell, H., Lensink, R. & Neubert, M.G. (2003) Demography and dispersal: life table response experiments for invasion speed. Ecology, 84, 19681978.
  • Clark, J.S. (1998) Why trees migrate so fast: confronting theory and dispersal biology and the paleorecord. American Naturalist, 152, 204224.
  • Clark, J.S., Lewis, M. & Horvath, L. (2001) Invasion by extremes: population spread with variation in dispersal and reproduction. American Naturalist, 157, 537554.
  • Clark, J.S., Lewis, M., McLachlan, J.S. & Hille-Ris Lambers, J. (2003) Estimating population spread: what can we forecast and how well? Ecology, 84, 19791988.
  • Davis, M.R., Grace, L.J. & Horrell, R.F. (1996) Conifer establishment in South Island high country: influence of mycorrhizal inoculation, competition removal, fertiliser application and animal exclusion during seedling establishment. New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science, 26, 3894.
  • Ellner, S.P. & Fieberg, J. (2003) Using PVA for management despite uncertainty: effects of habitat, hatcheries and harvest on salmon. Ecology, 84, 13591369.
  • Higgins, S.I., Clark, J.S., Nathan, R., Hovestadt, T., Schurr, F., Fragoso, J.M.V., Aguiar, M.R., Ribbens, E. & Lavorel, S. (2003) Forecasting plant migration rates: managing uncertainty for risk assessment. Journal of Ecology, 91, 341347.
  • Horn, H.S., Nathan, R. & Kaplan, S.R. (2001) Long-distance dispersal of tree seeds by wind. Ecological Research, 16, 877885.
  • Hulme, P.E. (2003) Biological invasions: winning the science battles but losing the conservation war? Oryx, 37, 178193.
  • Keeley, J.E. & Zedler, P.H. (1998) Evolution of life histories in Pinus. Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus (ed. D.M. Richardson), pp. 219250. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Kot, M., Lewis, M.A. & van den Driessche, P. (1996) Dispersal data and the spread of invading organisms. Ecology, 77, 20272042.
  • de Kroon, H., van Groenendael, J. & Ehrlén, J. (2000) Elasticities: a review of methods and model limitations. Ecology, 81, 607618.
  • Langford, M.D. (1984) Natural regeneration of exotic conifers at Lake Coleridge sheep-run . Degree of Bachelor of Forestry Science. University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.
  • Lanner, R.M. (1998) Seed dispersal in Pinus. Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus (ed. D.M. Richardson), pp. 281295. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Ledgard, N. (2001) The spread of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta, Dougl.) in New Zealand. Forest Ecology and Management, 141, 4357.
  • Levin, S.A., Muller-Landau, H.C., Nathan, R. & Chave, J. (2003) The ecology and evolution of seed dispersal: a theoretical perspective. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 34, 575604.
  • McCallum, H. (2000) Population Parameters: Estimation for Ecological Models. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
  • MacDonald, G.M. (2004) Fossil pollen analysis and the reconstruction of plant invasions. Advances in Ecological Research, 24, 67109.
  • Miller, J.T. & Knowles, F.B. (1986) Introduced Forest Trees in New Zealand: Recognition, Role and Seed Source. Part 1. Pinus nigra Arn.: European Black Pine. Forest Research Institute. Christchurch, New Zealand.
  • Moody, M.E. & Mack, R.N. (1988) Controlling the spread of plant invasions: the importance of nascent foci. Journal of Applied Ecology, 25, 10091021.
  • Nathan, R. & Muller-Landau, H.C. (2000) Spatial patterns of seed dispersal, their determinants and consequences for recruitment. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 15, 278285.
  • Nathan, R., Horn, H.S., Chave, J. & Levin, S.A. (2002a) Mechanistic models for tree seed dispersal by wind in dense forests and open landscapes. Seed Dispersal and Frugivory: Ecology, Evolution and Conservation (eds D.J. Levey, W.R. Silva & M. Galetti), pp. 6982. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK.
  • Nathan, R., Katul, G.G., Horn, H.S., Thomas, S.M., Oren, R., Avissar, R., Pacala, S.W. & Levin, S.A. (2002b) Mechanisms of long-distance dispersal of seeds by wind. Nature, 418, 409413.
  • Neubert, M.G. & Caswell, H. (2000) Demography and dispersal: calculation and sensitivity analysis of invasion speed for structured populations. Ecology, 81, 16131628.
  • Neubert, M.G. & Parker, I.M. (2004) Projecting rates of spread for invasive species. Risk Analysis, 24, 817831.
  • Parker, I.M. (2000) Invasion dynamics of Cytisus scoparius: a matrix model approach. Ecological Applications, 10, 726743.
  • Price, R.A., Liston, A. & Strauss, S.H. (1998) Phylogeny and systematics of Pinus. Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus (ed. D.M. Richardson), pp. 4968. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Rees, M. & Paynter, Q. (1997) Biological control of Scotch broom: modelling the determinants of abundance and the potential impact of introduced insect herbivores. Journal of Applied Ecology, 34, 12031221.
  • R Core Development Team (2004) R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.
  • Richardson, D.M. & Higgins, S.I. (1998) Pines as invaders in the southern hemisphere. Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus (ed. D.M. Richardson), pp. 450473. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Richardson, D.M. & Rundel, P.W. (1998) Ecology and biogeography of Pinus: an introduction. Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus (ed. D.M. Richardson), pp. 346. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Richardson, D.M., Williams, P.A. & Hobbs, R.J. (1994) Pine invasions in the southern hemisphere: determinants of spread and invadability. Journal of Biogeography, 21, 511527.
  • Sharov, A.A. & Liebhold, A.M. (1998) Bioeconomics of managing the spread of exotic pest species with barrier zones. Ecological Applications, 8, 833845.
  • Shea, K. & Kelly, D. (1998) Estimating biocontrol agent impact with matrix models: Carduus nutans in New Zealand. Ecological Applications, 8, 824832.
  • Smith, W.W. (1903) Plants naturalised in the county of Ashburton. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute, 36, 203225.
  • Tackenberg, O. (2003) Modeling long-distance dispersal of plant diaspores by wind. Ecological Monographs, 73, 173189.
  • Taylor, C.M. & Hastings, A. (2004) Finding optimal control strategies for invasive species: a density-structured model for Spartina alterniflora. Journal of Applied Ecology, 41, 10491057.
  • Taylor, C.M., Davis, H.G., Civille, J.C., Grevstad, F.S. & Hastings, A. (2004) Consequences of an Allee effect in an invasive plant: Spartina alterniflora in Willapa Bay, Washington. Ecology, 85, 32543266.
  • Travis, J.M.J. & Park, K.J. (2004) Spatial structure and the control of invasive alien species. Animal Conservation, 7, 321330.
  • Wang, M.H., Kot, M. & Neubert, M.G. (2002) Integrodifference equations, Allee effects, and invasions. Journal of Mathematical Biology, 44, 150168.