SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Angevin, F., Roturier, C., Meynard, J.M. & Klein, E.K. (2003) Co-existence of GM, non-GM and organic maize crops in European agricultural landscapes: using MAPOD model to design necessary adjustments of farming practices. Proceedings of the First European Conference on the Co-Existence of Genetically Modified Crops with Conventional and Organic Crops, Borupsgaard, 13–14 November 2003 (ed. B.Boelt), pp. 166168. Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Slagelse, Denmark.
  • Austerlitz, F., Dick, C.W., Dutech, C., Klein, E.K., Oddou-Muratorio, S., Smouse, P.E. & Sork, V.L. (2004) Using genetic markers to estimate the pollen dispersal curve. Molecular Ecology, 13, 937954.
  • Aylor, D.E., Schultes, N.P. & Shields, E.J. (2003) An aerobiological framework for assessing cross-pollination in maize. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 119, 111129.
  • Beckie, H.J., Warwick, S.I., Harikumar, N. & Séguin-Swartz, G. (2003) Gene flow in commercial fields of herbicide-resistant canola (Brassica napus). Ecological Applications, 13, 12761294.
  • Beringer, J.E. (2000) Releasing genetically modified organisms: will any harm outweigh any advantage? Journal of Applied Ecology, 37, 207214.
  • Clark, J.S., Lewis, M. & Horvath, L. (2001) Invasion by extremes: population spread with variation in dispersal and reproduction. American Naturalist, 157, 537554.
  • Clark, J.S., Silman, M., Kern, R., Macklin, E. & HilleRisLambers, J. (1999) Seed dispersal near and far: patterns across temperate and tropical forests. Ecology, 80, 14751494.
  • Colbach, N., Clermont Dauphin, C. & Meynard, J.M. (2001) GENESYS: a model on the influence of cropping system on gene escape from herbicide tolerant rapeseed crops to volunteers. II. Genetic exchanges among volunteer and cropped populations in a small region. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, 82, 255270.
  • Cresswell, J.E. & Osborne, J.L. (2004) The effect of patch size and separation on bumblebee foraging in oilseed rape: implications for gene flow. Journal of Applied Ecology, 41, 539546.
  • Cresswell, J.E., Davies, T.W., Patrick, M.A., Russell, F., Pennel, C., Vicot, M. & Lahoubi, M. (2004) Aerodynamics of wind pollination in a zoophilous flower, Brassica napus. Functional Ecology, 18, 861866.
  • Cresswell, J.E., Osborne, J.L. & Bell, S.A. (2002) A model of pollinator-mediated gene flow between plant populations with numerical solutions for bumblebees pollinating oilseed rape. Oikos, 98, 375384.
  • Desplanque, B., Hautekeete, N. & Van Dijk, H. (2002) Transgenic weed beets: possible, probable, avoidable? Journal of Applied Ecology, 39, 561571.
  • Devaux, C., Lavigne, C., Falentin-Guyomarc’h, H., Vautrin, S., Lecomte, J. & Klein, E.K. (2005) High diversity of oilseed rape pollen clouds over an agro-ecosystem indicates long-distance dispersal. Molecular Ecology, 14, 22692280.
  • Eastham, K. & Sweet, J. (2002) Genetically Modified Organisms (Gmos): the Significance of Gene Flow Through Pollen Transfer. Report No. 28. European Environment Agency, Luxembourg.
  • Gliddon, C.J. (1999) Gene flow and risk assessment. Gene Flow and Agriculture. Relevance for Transgenic Crops (ed. P.J.W.Lutman), pp. 4956. British Crop Protection Council, University of Keele, UK.
  • Gray, A.J. (2004) Ecology and government policies: the GM crop debate. Journal of Applied Ecology, 41, 110.
  • Hall, L., Topinka, K., Huffman, J., Davis, L. & Good, A. (2000) Pollen flow between herbicide-resistant Brassica napus is the cause of multiple-resistant B-napus volunteers. Weed Science, 48, 688694.
  • Klein, E.K., Lavigne, C., Foueillassar, X., Gouyon, P.H. & Larédo, C. (2003) Corn pollen dispersal: quasi-mechanistic models and field experiments. Ecological Monographs, 73, 131150.
  • Lavigne, C., Devaux, C., Deville, A., Garnier, A., Klein, E.K., Lecomte, J., Pivard, S. & Gouyon, P.H. (2004) Potentials and limits of modelling to predict the impact of transgenic crops in wild species. Introgression from Genetically Modified Plants Into Wild Relatives (eds H.C.M.Den Nijs, D.Bartsch & J.Sweet), pp. 353361. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK.
  • Lavigne, C., Klein, E.K., Vallée, P., Pierre, J., Godelle, B. & Renard, M. (1998) A pollen-dispersal experiment with transgenic oilseed rape. Estimation of the average pollen dispersal of an individual plant within a field. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 96, 886896.
  • Meagher, T.R. & Vassiliadis, C. (2003) Spatial geometry determines gene flow in plant populations. Genes in the Environment (eds R.Hails, J.Beringer & H.C.J.Godfray), pp. 7690. Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK.
  • Mesquida, J., Renard, M. & Pierre, J.S. (1988) Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) productivity: the effect of honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) and different pollination conditions in cage and field tests. Apidologie, 19, 5172.
  • Pierre, J., Marsault, D., Genecque, E., Renard, M., Champolivier, J. & Pham-Delegue, M.H. (2003) Effects of herbicide-tolerant transgenic oilseed rape genotypes on honey bees and other pollinating insects under field conditions. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 108, 159168.
  • Ramsay, G., Thompson, C. & Squire, G. (2003) Quantifying Landscape-Scale Gene Flow in Oilseed Rape. Defra Project RG0216 Final Report. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, London, UK.
  • Raybould, A.F. & Gray, A.J. (1993) Genetically modified crops and hybridization with wild relatives: a UK perspective. Journal of Applied Ecology, 30, 199219.
  • Reboud, X. (2003) Effect of a gap on gene flow between otherwise adjacent transgenic Brassica napus crops. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 106, 10481058.
  • Reid, N. (2002) Likelihood. Statistics in the 21st Century (eds A.E.Raftery, M.A.Tanner & M.T.Wells), pp. 419430. Chapman & Hall/CRC, Boca Raton, FL.
  • Rieger, M.A., Lamond, M., Preston, C., Powles, S.B. & Rousch, R.T. (2002) Pollen-mediated movement of herbicide resistance between commercial canola fields. Science, 296, 23862388.
  • Scheffler, J.A., Parkinson, R. & Dale, P.J. (1993) Frequency and distance of pollen dispersal from transgenic oilseed rape (Brassica napus). Transgenic Research, 2, 356364.
  • Scheffler, J.A., Parkinson, R. & Dale, P.J. (1995) Evaluating the effectiveness of isolation distances for field plots of oilseed rape (Brassica napus) using a herbicide-resistance transgene as a selectable marker. Plant Breeding, 114, 317321.
  • Staniland, B.K., McVetty, P.B.E., Friesen, L.F., Yarrow, S., Freyssinet, G. & Freyssinet, M. (2000) Effectiveness of border areas in confining the spread of transgenic Brassica napus pollen. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 80, 521526.
  • Thompson, C.E., Squire, G., Mackay, G.R., Bradshaw, J.E., Crawford, J. & Ramsay, G. (1999) Regional patterns of gene flow and its consequences for GM oilseed rape. Gene Flow and Agriculture. Relevance for Transgenic Crops (ed. P.J.W.Lutman), pp. 95100. British Crop Protection Council, University of Keele, UK.
  • Timmons, A.M., Charters, Y.M., Crawford, J.W., Burn, D., Scott, S.E., Dubbels, S.J., Wilson, N.J., Robertson, A., O'Brien, E.T., Squire, G.R. & Wilkinson, M.J. (1996) Risks from transgenic crops. Nature, 380, 487.
  • Tufto, J., Engen, S. & Hindar, K. (1997) Stochastic dispersal processes in plant populations. Theoretical Population Biology, 52, 1626.
  • Walklate, P.J. Hunt, J.C.R. Higson, H.L. & Sweet, J.B. (2004) A model of pollen-mediated gene flow for oilseed rape. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B, 271, 441449.
  • Wilkinson, M.J., Elliott, L.J., Allainguillaume, J., Shaw, M.W., Norris, C., Welters, R., Alexander, M., Sweet, J. & Mason, D.C. (2003) Hybridization between Brassica napus and B. rapa on a national scale in the United Kingdom. Science, 302, 457459.
  • Williams, I.H., Martin, A.P. & White, R.P. (1986) The pollination requirements of oil-seed rape (Brassica napus L.). Journal of Agricultural Science (Cambridge), 106, 2730.