APPENDIX S1: Additional information on Modelling Strategy 1 (assemble first, predict later) Techniques for deriving community-level entities in the first stage

APPENDIX S2: Additional information on Modelling Strategy 2 (predict first, assemble later) Techniques for assembling species richness

APPENDIX S3: Additional information on Modelling Strategy 3 (assemble and predict together) Constrained ordination techniques

APPENDIX S4: The potential role of ecological assembly rules

FIGURE S1: Proposed use of ecological assembly rules (EARs), based on characteristics of species or of whole ecosystems (global), to constrain the derivation of communities from modelled species distributions

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