SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Alonso-Zarazaga, M.A. & Sanchez-Ruiz, M. (2002) Revision of the Trichosirocalus horridus (Panzer) species complex, with description of two new species infesting thistles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Ceutorhynchinae). Australian Journal of Entomology, 41, 199208.
  • Buckley, Y.M., Briese, D.T. & Rees, M. (2003a) Demography and management of the invasive plant species Hypericum perforatum. I. Using multi-level mixed-effects models for characterizing growth, survival and fecundity in a long-term data set. Journal of Applied Ecology, 40, 481493.
  • Buckley, Y.M., Briese, D.T. & Rees, M. (2003b) Demography and management of the invasive plant species Hypericum perforatum. II. Construction and use of an individual-based model to predict population dynamics and the effects of management strategies. Journal of Applied Ecology, 40, 494507.
  • Buckley, Y.M., Hinz, H.L., Matthies, D. & Rees, M. (2001) Interactions between density-dependent processes, population dynamics and control of an invasive plant species, Tripleurospermum perforatum (scentless chamomile). Ecology Letters, 4, 551558.
  • Buckley, Y.M., Rees, M., Paynter, Q. & Lonsdale, M. (2004) Modelling integrated weed management of an invasive shrub in tropical Australia. Journal of Applied Ecology, 41, 547560.
  • Buckley, Y.M., Rees, M., Sheppard, A.W. & Smyth, M.J. (2005) Stable coexistence of an invasive plant and biocontrol agent: a parameterized coupled plant–herbivore model. Journal of Applied Ecology, 42, 7079.
  • Cartwright, B. & Kok, L.T. (1985) Growth responses of musk and plumeless thistles (Carduus nutans and C. acanthoides) to damage by Trichosirocalus horridus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Weed Science, 33, 5762.
  • Caswell, H. (2001) Matrix Population Models: Construction, Analysis and Interpretation, 2nd edn. Sinauer Associates Inc., Boston, MA.
  • Caughley, G. & Lawton, J.H. (1981) Plant–herbivore systems. Theoretical Ecology, Principles and Applications (ed. R.M.May), 2nd edn, pp. 132166. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, UK.
  • Crawley, M.J. (1993) GLIM for Ecologists. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK.
  • Dellow, J.J. (1996) Herbicide techniques for thistle management. Plant Protection Quarterly, 11, 276277.
  • Godfray, H.C.J. & Waage, J.K. (1991) Predictive modeling in biological control: the mango mealy bug (Rastrococcus invadens) and its parasitoids. Journal of Applied Ecology, 28, 434453.
  • Harrington, K.C. (1996) Herbicide management and thistle control: how to avoid resistance. Plant Protection Quarterly, 11, 273275.
  • Huwer, R.K., Briese, D.T., Dowling, P.M., Kemp, D.R., Lonsdale, W.M., Michalk, D.L., Neave, M.J., Sheppard, A.W. & Woodburn, T.L. (2005) Can an integrated management approach provide a basis for long-term prevention of weed dominance in Australian pasture systems? Weed Research, 45, 175192.
  • Jones, R., Cacho, O. & Sinden, J. (2004) The importance of seasonal variability on measuring the benefits of a technology: a case study of integrated weed management. 48th Annual Conference of the Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, pp. 115. AARES, Canborra. http://www.agric.uwa.edu.au/ARE/AARES/rest2004/Jones,Cacho&Sinden.pdf, accessed 15 February 2006.
  • Julien, M.H. & Griffiths, M.W. (1999) Biological Control of Weeds: A World Catalogue of Agents and their Target Weeds. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK.
  • Kelly, D. & McCallum, K. (1995) Evaluating the impact of Rhinocyllus conicus on Carduus nutans. New Zealand Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds (eds E.S.Delfosse & R.R.Scott), pp. 205211. DSIR/CSIRO, Lincoln University, Canterbury, New Zealand.
  • Kéry, M. (2004) Extinction rate estimates for plant populations in revisitation studies: importance of detectability. Conservation Biology, 18, 570574.
  • Kéry, M., Gregg, K.B. & Schaub, M. (2005) Demographic estimation methods for plants with unobservable life-states. Oikos, 108, 307320.
  • Kriticos, D.J., Sutherst, R.W., Brown, J.R., Adkins, S.W. & Maywald, G.F. (2003) Climate change and the potential distribution of an invasive alien plant: Acacia nilotica ssp. indica. Australia. Journal of Applied Ecology, 40, 111124.
  • McCarthy, M.A. & Thompson, C. (2001) Expected minimum population size as a measure of threat. Animal Conservation, 4, 351355.
  • Milbrath, L.R. & Nechols, J.R. (2004a) Indirect effect of early-season infestations of Trichosirocalus horridus on Rhinocyllus conicus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Biological Control, 30, 95109.
  • Milbrath, L.R. & Nechols, J.R. (2004b) Individual and combined effects of Trichosirocalus horridus and Rhinocyllus conicus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on musk thistle. Biological Control, 30, 418429.
  • Milner-Gulland, E.J., Shea, K., Possingham, H., Coulson, T. & Wilcox, C. (2001) Competing harvesting strategies in a simulated population under uncertainty. Animal Conservation, 4, 157167.
  • Moore, W.B., Doyle, C.J. & Rahman, A. (1989) Economics of controlling Carduus nutans on grazed pasture in New Zealand. Crop Protection, 8, 1624.
  • Murdoch, W.W. & Briggs, C.J. (1996) Theory for biological control: recent developments. Ecology, 77, 20012013.
  • Parma, A.M., Amarasekare, P., Mangel, M., Moore, J., Murdoch, W.W., Noonburg, E., Pascual, M.A., Possingham, H.P., Shea, K., Wilcox, C. & Yu, D. (1998) What can adaptive management do for our fish, forests, food and biodiversity? Integrative Biology, Issues, News and Reviews, 1, 1626.
    Direct Link:
  • Pearce, G.A. (1969) Weed control in pastures: a practical approach for sheep areas. Journal of the Department of Agriculture of Western Australia, 11, 139142.
  • Popay, A.I. & Medd, R.W. (1995) Carduus nutans L. ssp. nutans. The Biology of Australian Weeds, Volume 1 (eds R.H.Groves, R.C.H.Shepherd & R.G.Richardson), pp. 2950. RG & FJ Richardson, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Popay, A.I., Butler, J.H. & Meeklah, F.A. (1989) Chemical control of nodding thistle (Carduus nutans L.) in New Zealand. Weed Research, 29, 2128.
  • Rees, M. & Hill, R.L. (2001) Large-scale disturbances, biological control and the dynamics of gorse populations. Journal of Applied Ecology, 38, 364377.
  • Rees, M. & Paynter, Q. (1997) Biological control of Scotch broom: modelling the determinants of abundance and the potential impact of introduced insect herbivores. Journal of Applied Ecology, 34, 12031222.
  • Rees, M., Sheppard, A., Briese, D. & Mangel, M. (1999) Evolution of size-dependent flowering in Onopordum illyricum: a quantitative assessment of the role of stochastic selection pressures. American Naturalist, 154, 628651.
  • Rose, K.E., Rees, M. & Grubb, P.J. (2002) Evolution in the real world: stochastic variation and the determinants of fitness in Carlina vulgaris. Evolution, 56, 14161430.
  • Shea, K. (1994) Matrix models in population ecology. PhD Thesis. University of London, London, UK.
  • Shea, K. & Chesson, P. (2002) Community ecology theory as a framework for biological invasions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 17, 170176.
  • Shea, K. & Kelly, D. (1998) Estimating biocontrol agent impact with matrix models: Carduus nutans in New Zealand. Ecological Applications, 8, 824832.
  • Shea, K. & Possingham, H.P. (2000) Optimal release strategies for biological control agents: an application of stochastic dynamic programming to population management. Journal of Applied Ecology, 37, 7786.
  • Shea, K., Amarasekare, P., Kareiva, P., Mangel, M., Moore, J., Murdoch, W.W., Noonburg, E., Parma, A.M., Pascual, M.A., Possingham, H.P., Wilcox, C. & Yu, D. (1998) Management of populations in conservation, harvesting and control. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 13, 371375.
  • Shea, K., Kelly, D., Sheppard, A.W. & Woodburn, T.L. (2005) Context-dependent biological control of an invasive thistle. Ecology, 86, 31743181.
  • Shea, K., Possingham, H.P., Murdoch, W.W. & Roush, R. (2002) Active adaptive management in insect pest and weed control: intervention with a plan for learning. Ecological Applications, 12, 927936.
  • Sheppard, A.W. (2000) Weed ecology and population dynamics. Australian Weed Management Systems (ed. B.M.Sindel), pp. 3960. RG & FJ Richardson, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Sheppard, A.W., Cullen, J.M. & Aeschlimann, J.-P. (1994) Predispersal seed predation on Carduus nutans (Asteraceae) in southern Europe. Acta Oecologica, 15, 529541.
  • Siegel, S. (1956) Nonparametric Statistics for the Behavioural Sciences. McGraw-Hill, New York, NY.
  • Smith, L.M. & Kok, L.T. (1984) Dispersal of musk thistle (Carduus nutans) seeds. Weed Science, 32, 120125.
  • Sokal, R.R. & Rohlf, F.J. (1995) Biometry, 3rd edn. WH Freeman, New York, NY.
  • Swirepik, A. & Smyth, M. (2002) Biological control of broad-leafed pasture weeds (Paterson's curse Onopordum and nodding thistles). What have we achieved and where to from here? Proceedings of the Thirteenth Australian Weeds Conference (eds H.Spafford Jacob, J.Dodd & J.H.Moore), pp. 373376. Plant Protection Society of WA Inc., Perth, Australia.
  • Walters, C.J. (1986) Adaptive Management of Renewable Resources. Macmillan, New York, NY.
  • Woodburn, T.L. (1996a) Interspecific competition between Rhinocyllus conicus and Urophora solstitialis, two biocontrol agents released in Australia against Carduus nutans. Proceedings of the XI International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds (eds V.C.Moran & J.H.Hoffman), pp. 409415. University of Capetown, Capetown, South Africa.
  • Woodburn, T.L. (1996b) Reduction of seed set in nodding thistle (Carduus nutans) by the seed-fly, Urophora solstitialis, in Australia. Fruit Fly Pests: A World Assessment of Their Biology and Management (eds B.A.McPheron & G.J.Steck), pp. 165169. St Lucie Press, Delray Beach, FL.
  • Woodburn, T.L. (1997) Establishment in Australia of Trichosirocalus horridus, a biological control agent for Carduus nutans, and preliminary assessment of its impact on plant growth and reproductive potential. Biocontrol Science and Technology, 7, 645656.
  • Woodburn, T.L. (2000) Effectiveness of Trichosirocalus horridus against Carduus nutans. Australia Proceedings of the Xth International Symposium on the Biological Control of Weeds (ed. N.R.Spencer), p. 780. Montana State University, Bozeman, MT.
  • Woodburn, T.L. & Sheppard, A.W. (1996) The demography of Carduus nutans as a native and alien weed. Plant Protection Quarterly, 11, 236238.
  • Zar, J.H. (1999) Biostatistical Analysis, 4th edn. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.