Temporal and spatial development of red deer harvesting in Europe: biological and cultural factors
Article first published online: 1 JUN 2006
Journal of Applied Ecology
Volume 43, Issue 4, pages 721–734, August 2006
How to Cite
MILNER, J. M., BONENFANT, C., MYSTERUD, A., GAILLARD, J.-M., CSÁNYI, S. and STENSETH, N. CHR. (2006), Temporal and spatial development of red deer harvesting in Europe: biological and cultural factors. Journal of Applied Ecology, 43: 721–734. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2006.01183.x
- Issue published online: 23 JUN 2006
- Article first published online: 1 JUN 2006
- Received 13 January 2006; final copy received 14 March 2006 Editor: E. J. Milner-Gulland
Appendix S1. Harvest management in focal countries. Appendix S2. Changes in harvest growth rate over time in the 11 study countries. Table S2. GLS model of harvest growth rate (dependent variable), with variance that differed according to the levels of the "country" factor. Fig. S2 Changes in harvest growth rate, calculated as ln(ht+1/ht), over time in the 11 study countries, showing no evidence of a significant change in growth rate over ~ 30 year time period in any country. Appendix S3. GLS models of ln(harvest size) in the focal countries, France, Hungary, Norway and Scotland, in relation to a) "hunter numbers" fitted as a linear and quadratic term (note hunter numbers were not available for Scotland), "country" and their interactions, and b) red deer "range area", fitted as a linear and quadratic term, "country" and their interactions. The variance was allowed to differ independently according to the levels of the "country" factor. Appendix S4. Harvest composition within focal countries. a. Calf harvest. Within the focal countries, the proportion of calves in the harvest was highest in Hungary and lowest in Scotland, and differed significantly between traditional and non-traditional areas in all countries, tending to be higher and less variable from year-to-year in traditional areas. Fig. S4a. Changes in the proportion of calves in the harvests of traditional and non-traditional areas over time in each of the focal countries. Fig. S4b. Changes in the proportion of males in the adult harvests of traditional and non-traditional areas over time in each of the focal countries.
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