SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Andersen, M.C. (1993) Diaspore morphology and seed dispersal in several wind-dispersed Asteraceae. American Journal of Botany, 80, 487492.
  • Batschelet, E. (1981) Circular Statistics in Biology. Academic Press, London, UK.
  • Bhowmik, P.C. & Bekech, M.M. (1993) Horseweed (Conyza canadensis) seed production, emergence, and distribution in no-tillage and conventional-tillage corn (Zea mays). Agronomy (Trends in Agricultural Science), 1, 6771.
  • Boehm, M.T. & Aylor, D.E. (2005) Lagrangian stochastic modeling of heavy particle transport in the convective boundary layer. Atmospheric Environment, 39, 48414850.
  • Bruce, J.A. & Kells, J.J. (1990) Horseweed (Conyza canadensis) control in no-tillage soybeans (Glycine max) with preplant and preemergence herbicides. Weed Technology, 4, 642647.
  • Buhler, D.D. (1992) Population dynamics and control of annual weeds in corn (Zea mays) as influenced by tillage systems. Weed Science, 40, 241248.
  • Buhler, D.D. (1995) Influence of tillage systems on weed population dynamics and management in corn and soybean in the central USA. Crop Science, 35, 12471258.
  • Bullock, J.M. & Clarke, R.T. (2000) Long distance seed dispersal by wind: measuring and modelling the tail of the curve. Oecologia, 124, 506521.
  • Burnham, K.P. & Anderson, D.R. (2002) Model Selection and Multimodel Inference, 2nd edn. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.
  • Carpenter, J., Felsot, A., Goode, T., Hammig, M., Onstad, D. & Sankula, S. (2002) Comparative Impacts of Biotechnology-Derived and Traditional Soybean, Corn and Cotton Crops. Council for Agricultural Science and Technology (CAST), Ames, Iowa, USA.
  • Clark, J.S., Silman, M., Kern, R., Macklin, E. & HilleRisLambers, J. (1999) Seed dispersal near and far: patterns across temperate and tropical forests. Ecology, 80, 14751494.
  • Dauer, J.T., Mortensen, D.A. & Humston, R. (2006) Controlled experiments to predict horseweed (Conyza canadensis) dispersal distances. Weed Science, 54, 484489.
  • Dauer, J.T., Mortensen, D.A., Isard, S., Shields, E. & VanGessel, M.J. (2006) Measuring seed movement at multiple atmospheric levels. Weed Science Society of America Abstracts, 46, 243.
  • Greene, D.F. & C. Calogeropoulos, (2001) Measuring and modeling seed dispersal of terrestrial plants. Dispersal Ecology (eds J.M.Bullock, R.E.Kenward & R.S.Hails), pp. 323. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK.
  • Greene, D.F. & Johnson, E.A. (1989) A model of wind dispersal of winged or plumed seeds. Ecology, 70, 339347.
  • Greene, D.F. & Johnson, E.A. (1996) Wind dispersal of seeds from a forest into a clearing. Ecology, 77, 595609.
  • Greene, D.F. & Johnson, E.A. (2000) Tree recruitment from burn edges. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 30, 12641274.
  • Heap, I. (2006) The International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds. http://www.weedscience.com (accessed 3 April 2006).
  • Holm, L., Doll, J., Holm, E., Pancho, J. & Herberger, J. (1997) Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq. (syn. Erigeron canadensis L.). World Weeds: Natural Histories and Distributions, pp. 226235. John Wiley and Sons Inc., Toronto, Canada.
  • Isard, S.A. & Gage, S.H. (2001) Flow of Life in the Atmosphere: An Airscape Approach to Understanding Invasive Organisms. Michigan State University Press, East Lansing, MI.
  • Jammalamadaka, S.R. & SenGupta, A. (2001) Topics in Circular Statistics. World Scientific, Singapore.
  • Johnson, J.B. & Omland, K.S. (2004) Model selection in ecology and evolution. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 19, 101108.
  • Katul, G.G., Porporato, A., Nathan, R., Siqueira, M., Soons, M.B., Poggi, D., Horn, H.S. & Levin, S.A. (2005) Mechanistic analytical models for long-distance seed dispersal by wind. American Naturalist, 166, 368381.
  • Lowry, W.P. & Lowry, P.P. (1989) Fundamentals of Biometeorology: Interactions of Organisms and the Atmosphere. Vol. I. The Physical Environment. Peavine Publications, McMinnville, OR.
  • McEvoy, P.B. & Cox, C.S. (1987) Wind dispersal distances in dimorphic achenes of ragwort, Senecio jacobaea. Ecology, 68, 20062015.
  • Marvier, M. & Van Acker, R.C. (2005) Can crop transgenes be kept on a leash? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 3, 99106.
  • Mortensen, D.A. (2005) The role of herbicide resistance in structuring weed communities. Proceedings of Southern Weed Science Society, 58, 193.
  • Nathan, R., Katul, G.G., Horn, H.S., Thomas, S.M., Oren, R., Avissar, R., Pacala, S.W. & Levin, S.A. (2002) Mechanism of long distance dispersal of seeds by wind. Nature, 418, 409413.
  • Nathan, R., Safriel, U.N. & Noy-Meir, I. (2001) Field validation and sensitivity analysis of a mechanistic model for tree seed dispersal by wind. Ecology, 82, 374388.
  • Oke, T.R. (1992) Boundary Layer Climates. Routledge, London, UK.
  • Portnoy, S. & Willson, M.F. (1993) Seed dispersal curves: behavior of the tail of the distribution. Evolutionary Ecology, 7, 2544.
  • R Development Core Team (2005) R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. http://www.R-project.org (accessed 3 June 2006).
  • Regehr, D.L. & Bazzaz, F.A. (1979) The population dynamics of Erigeron canadensis, a successional winter annual. Journal of Ecology, 67, 923933.
  • Ribbens, E.J., Silander, J.A. & Pacala, S.W. (1994) Seedling recruitment in forests: calibrating models to predict patterns of tree seedling dispersion. Ecology, 75, 17941806.
  • Rieger, M.A., Lamond, M., Preston, C., Powles, S.B. & Roush, R.T. (2002) Pollen-mediated movement of herbicide resistance between commercial canola fields. Science, 296, 23862388.
  • Shea, K., Possingham, H.P., Murdoch, W.W. & Roush, R. (2002) Active adaptive management in insect pest and weed control: intervention with a plan for learning. Ecological Applications, 12, 927936.
  • Shields, E.J., Dauer, J.T., VanGessel, M.J. & Neumann, G. (in press) Horseweed (Conyza canadensis) seed collected in the planetary boundary layer. Weed Science, in press.
  • Skarpaas, O., Auhl, R. & Shea, K. (2006) Environmental variability and the initiation of dispersal: turbulence strongly increases seed release. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 273, 751756.
  • Skarpaas, O., Stabbetorp, O.E., Ronning, I. & Svennungsen, T.O. (2004) How far can a hawk's beard fly? Measuring and modelling the dispersal of Crepis praemorsa. Journal of Ecology, 92, 747757.
  • Smisek, A., Doucet, C., Jones, M. & Weaver, S.E. (1998) Paraquat resistance in horseweed (Conyza canadensis) and Virginia pepperweed (Lepidium virginicum) from Essex County, Ontario. Weed Science, 46, 200204.
  • Soons, M.B., Heil, G.W., Nathan, R. & Katul, G.G. (2004) Determinants of long-distance seed dispersal by wind in grasslands. Ecology, 85, 30563068.
  • Tackenberg, O. (2003) Modeling long-distance dispersal of plant diaspores by wind. Ecological Monographs, 73, 173189.
  • Tackenberg, O., Poschlod, P. & Kahmen, S. (2003) Dandelion seed dispersal: the horizontal wind speed does not matter for long-distance dispersal: it is updraft! Plant Biology, 5, 451454.
  • USDA-NASS (2005) Acreage. US Department of Agriculture–National Agricultural Statistics Service. http://www.nass.usda.gov/ (accessed 10 Nov 2006).
  • VanGessel, M.J. (2001) Glyphosate-resistant horseweed from Delaware. Weed Science, 49, 703705.
  • Watrud, L.S., Lee, E.H., Fairbrother, A., Burdick, C., Reichman, J.R., Bollman, M., Storm, M., King, G. & Van de Water, P.K. (2004) Evidence for landscape-level, pollen-mediated gene flow from genetically modified creeping bentgrass with CP4 EPSPS as a marker. Proceedings of the National Academy of the Sciences USA, 101, 1453314538.
  • Weaver, S.E. (2001) The biology of Canadian weeds. 115. Conyza canadensis. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 81, 867875.