Crone, E.E., Marler, M. & Pearson, D.E. (2009) Non-target effects of broadleaf herbicide on a native perennial forb: a demographic framework for assessing and minimizing impacts. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46, 673–682.
The authors of Crone, Marler & Pearson (2009) apologize for the mistake in the equation on p. 676. The printed version reads:
whereas it should read
Similarly, the multi-year matrix Mnet should be:
Unlike scalar multiplication, the order of terms matters in matrix multiplication.